Handbook of Management Scales/Liquidity
Liquidity (AVE = 0.677; CR = 0.863)
The authors test the construct validity of indicators of three dimensions of organizational performance, a fundamental construct in strategic management. Based on an examination of reliability, convergent validity, discriminant validity and nomological validity, and on additional analyses, the authors find evidence of four rather than three dimensions of organizational performance: liquidity, profitability, growth, stock market performance.
- Cash flow return per employee (0.648)
- Cash flow return on sales (0.692)
- Cash flow return on assets (0.692)
- Hamann et al. (2013): Exploring the Dimensions of Organizational Performance: A Construct Validity Study. Organizational Research Methods, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 67-87
The authors did a lot to ensure reliability and validity of their scales. Richard et al. have conduct related research: Richard et al. (2009): Measuring Organizational Performance: Towards Methodological Best Practice. Journal of Management, Vol. 35, Nr. 5, pp. 718-804.