Handbook of Management Scales/Example

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Example (alpha[1] = 0.679; composite reliability = 0.701; AVE = 0.532)[edit]


24 items were developed by a team of three researchers. … Face validity was tested in an interview with four business consultants. … The scale was pretested ….


An example is something that is representative of all such things in a group.


  • This is the text for the first item. (0.81)[3]
  • This is the text for the second item. (0.75)
  • This is the text for the third[4] item. (0.69)


  • [http://dx.doi.org/10.1000/182[5] Smith/Johnson[6] (2011): This is a title. Journal of Examples[7], Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 123-124.]


The items might measure "…" rather than "example". New items could be supplemented in order to measure the missig aspect …. The items five and six are formative rather than reflective and may therefore be omitted.[8]

Related Scales[edit]

Example[9] (alpha = 0.8234)[edit]


  1. alpha (= Cronbach's alpha) reflects the reliability of a scale. Additional reliability measures can be listed here, if available.
  2. Provide the definition used in the article, if available.
  3. Factor loadings.
  4. Scales should have at least three items.
  5. Provide a digital object identifier (DOI) link, if available!
  6. In case of more than two authors: "Smith et al.".
  7. Preferably, the scale should have been published in a high-ranked journal!
  8. You can comment a scale and propose improvements.
  9. If the same scale or another scale with the same name has been used, just list it in the same page (new section of the page).