# Fractals/Iterations in the complex plane/cremer

The problem is that we are exploring environments based upon irrational numbers through computer machinery which works with finite rationals !( Alessandro Rosa )

- there are Cremer Julia set for quadratic polynomial,
- there are no images of such Julia sets
- A Cremer Julia set has no interior and can never disconnect the plane
^{[1]} - It contains single or double
**comb**.^{[2]}"Objects such as combs (homeomorphs of the product of a Cantor set and an interval) had been expected to be found within**hedgehogs**." (Kingshook Biswas^{[3]} - Cremer Julia sets are not locally connected
^{[4]}^{[5]}

## Contents

# Parameter[edit]

For Cremer Julia set internal angle should be non-Brjuno number (irrational number, non-diophantine ).

"The Cremer parameters are on the boundaries of hyperbolic components at specific internal angles (argument of the mulitplier). If you know the angle, you can compute the parameter explicitly for periods 1, 2, 3 and numerically for all periods. If I remember correctly, a simple angle is .01001000100001000001 ... times 2PI. But of course there are Siegel angles and parabolic angles which are the same for the first 100 digits.

... Maybe that is one of the reasons, why you cannot draw them..." Wolf Jung

"A Cremer internal angle is obtained as 0.10001000000000000010000... with fast growing 0-gaps, but any finite approximation is parabolic." ( Wolf Jung )

# Model[edit]

One can think about Cremer Julia set as :

- parabolic Julia set with infinite period
- Julia set with Siegel disk with infinite many digits

Models

- Rempe’s straight brush model
- Pseudo hedgehogs by Cheritat
^{[6]}

## Hegdehogs[edit]

description^{[7]}

- non-linearizable
^{[8]} - Hedgehog space
^{[9]}

## small cycles[edit]

"the “small cycles property”: Every neighborhood of the origin contains infinitely many periodic orbits " ( CREMER FIXED POINTS AND SMALL CYCLES by LIA PETRACOVICI )^{[10]}

# External rays[edit]

## Parameter ray[edit]

" For Cremer parameters, there is a unique parameter ray landing, but the dynamics is more complicated." ( Wolf Jung )

# Non-computable Julia sets[edit]

- construction
^{[11]}

# References[edit]

- ↑ mathoverflow.net questions : contractibility-of-connected-holomorphic-dynamics/149170#149170
- ↑ Describing quadratic Cremer point polynomials by parabolic perturbations by DAN ERIK KRARUP SØRENSEN. Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems (1998), 18 : pp 739-758. 1998 Cambridge University
- ↑ Hedgehogs of Hausdorff dimension one by Kingshook Biswas
- ↑ wikipedia : Locally connected space
- ↑ Smooth Combs Inside Hedgehogs by Kingshook Biswas
- ↑ Cheritat galery of images
- ↑ Dynamical charts for irrationally indifferent fixed points of holomorphic functions by Mitsuhiro Shishikura
- ↑ Hedgehogs hunting with Cantor, Hausdorff and Liouville Alessandro Rosa
- ↑ wikipedia :Hedgehog space
- ↑ CREMER FIXED POINTS AND SMALL CYCLES by LIA PETRACOVICI
- ↑ CONSTRUCTING NON-COMPUTABLE JULIA SETS by M. BRAVERMAN AND M. YAMPOLSKY

- Pérez-Marco, R. (1994). Topology of Julia sets and hedgehogs. Orsay, France: Université de Paris-Sud, Département de mathématiques. Edition/Format: Print book : English, series Title: Prépublications (Université Paris-Sud. Département de mathématiques), no 94-48.
- The Julia sets of quadratic Cremer polynomials. Author : Alexander Blokh, Lex Oversteegen. doi:10.1016/j.topol.2006.02.001Topology and its Applications. Volume 153, Issue 15, 1 September 2006, Pages 3038-3050
- wikipedia : Liouville_number
- Why golden mean is optimal: an introduction to Diophantine, Brjuno and Liouville number — Zhenghe
- scholarpedia article by Xavier_Buff : Siegel_disks
- open problems in hedgehogs dynamics