Ukrainian Borshch is a vegetable soup with beetroots as its characteristic ingredient. It is an everyday and ritual dish, known since at least the early Kyiv Rus times. Borshch is very nourishing, especially if you cook it with meat, so it is normally eaten for dinner. Ukrainians are known for eating this hearty vegetable soup with pork as a morning pick-me-up and then again three times throughout the day! A plate of hot Borscht in winter will warm you up and in summer it will be very refreshing if you eat it cold.
There are different types of borshch, and the choice of ingredients varies based on the region or simply on what your fridge offers. The most common are broth, red beets, cabbage, carrot, mushrooms, beans, onion, garlic, and beet kvass. One popular variety of borshch is Ukrainian borshch, which is usually made with red beets and served hot with sour cream. Another variety is green borshch, which is made in spring and summer when there are new plants, and a third common variety is cold borshch (holodnyk), which is made usually during the summer and served cold.
Ingredients[edit | edit source]
For 6 servings:
- ½ cup dried beans, soaked in water overnight
- 2–3 pounds pork or beef
- 3 cups water
- 1 large or 2 medium beets, peeled and julienne
- 2 tbsp vegetable oil
- 1 onion, peeled and diced
- 3 carrots, peeled and diced
- Green bell pepper, diced
- Tomatoes, diced
- 2 potatoes, cut into thick slices
- Herbs and spices: salt, bay leaf, black pepper, red pepper flakes, thyme
- ½ small cabbage, thinly sliced
- 3 ounces salted pork fat or bacon
- 2 cloves garlic
- 2 tbsp chopped dill
- ½ cup plain yoghurt
- ⅓ cup of tomato paste
- Sour cream
Procedure[edit | edit source]
- Drain the soaked beans and put aside.
- Place the meat in a large pot, and add 3 cups of cold water.
- Bring to a boil slowly and remove scum.
- Add half of the onion and 2 carrots.
- Reduce to a simmer, partially cover the pot, and cook for about 1 hour.
- When done, add the beets and beans, and bring to a boil. Lower the heat, cover, and simmer until the beans are tender.
- In the vegetable oil, sweat half of the onion, carrots, and green pepper over low heat until the onions are yellow.
- Scrape into the pot, and simmer for a few minutes. Scrape in tomatoes, potatoes, and spices, and simmer until the potatoes are tender.
- Add the cabbage and simmer until it has the consistency you like.
- In the meantime, chop the garlic, dill, and pork fat (or bacon) in the food processor, whisking in the yoghurt at the end.
- When the cabbage is the way you like it, add tomato paste and the garlic-dill-fat mixture.
- Return the pot to a simmer, then cover the pot, turn the heat off, and let the flavors mingle for at least 30 minutes.
- When ready to serve, ladle into bowls and top the soup with a dollop of sour cream on top.
Notes, tips, and variations[edit | edit source]
- Use clean filtered or natural water.
- Cook all vegetables over low heat in a covered pot.
- Beets can be stewed separately with a little amount of beet kvass and vegetable oil before adding the broth. Then add them to all other ingredients 10 minutes before the end of cooking.
- The best meat for borshch is fat beef with bones.
- Often dried white mushrooms are added, but you can use any other dried mushrooms.
- Garlic can also be mashed with a slice of fat bacon and added to the prepared borshch.
- Do not be afraid of putting too much cabbage into the pot. Beside the beetroot it is the main ingredient of Borscht and it makes the soup thick, which is characteristic of good Borscht.
- Use a large pot for your borscht.
- If you have leftovers, simply eat them the next day. Your soup will even taste better than the day before.
- If you are short of time, buy tinned beans instead of soaking the dried ones overnight. They do not need to be cooked; just add them when your borshch is ready.
References[edit | edit source]
- Клиновецька З.Страви й напитки на Україні. - К.:"Час", 1991. - С.178
- Bohdan Zahny. The Best of Ukrainian Cuisine ((Hippocrene International Cookbook Series). - USA,2005
- Annette Ogrodnik Corona. New Ukrainian Cookbook. - USA,2012