# Control Systems/Open source tools/Julia

## Prerequisite[edit]

It is necessary to install Julia and afterwards the ControlSystems.jl package. It is recommended to follow the official Julia Documentation. Julia can be executed in a terminal but it is quite practical to use an IDE like Juno/Atom or Visual Studio Code.

The ControlSystems.jl package has to be loaded with

using ControlSystems

before the function can be evaluated.

Throughout this course it is assumed that the source code is typed in the Julia REPL to print the results instantaneously. Otherwise, results can be printed with

print()

## Classical Control[edit]

### Transfer Function[edit]

Consider the transfer function

The transfer function is created similar to other numerical toolboxes with numerator and denominator as

num = [1, 2] # Numerator den = [3, 4, 5] # Denominator G = tf(num, den) # Transfer function

The REPL responses an overview of the created transfer function object

TransferFunction{ControlSystems.SisoRational{Int64}} s + 2 --------------- 3*s^2 + 4*s + 5 Continuous-time transfer function model

### Poles and Zeros[edit]

The **poles** of transfer function are computed with

pole(G)

and the REPL responses

2-element Array{Complex{Float64},1}: -0.6666666666666665 + 1.1055415967851332im -0.6666666666666665 - 1.1055415967851332im

The **zeros** of transfer function are computed with

tzero(G)

and resulting in

1-element Array{Float64,1}: -2.0

The function

zpkdata(G)

will response the zeros, poles and the gain.

The **Pole-Zero Plot** is created with

pzmap(G)

### Impulse and Step Response[edit]

It is handy to define the simulation time and a label for both plots with

Tf = 20 # Final simulation time in seconds impulse_lbl = "y(t) = g(t)" # Label for impulse response g(t) step_lbl = "y(t) = h(t)" # Label for step response h(t)

The impulse response is created with

impulseplot(G, Tf, label=impulse_lbl) # Impulse response

and the step response is built with

stepplot(G, Tf, label=impulse_lbl) # Step response

### Bode and Nyquist Plot[edit]

The Bode plot is printed with

bodeplot(G) # Bode plot

and the Nyquist plot (without gain circles) is printed with

nyquistplot(G, gaincircles=false) # Nyquist plot

The gain circles can be toggled with the boolean flag.

**Note:**

If only the numerical results of the Bode/Nyquist plot are of interest and not their visualization, then one can use

bode(G)

and

nyquist(G)