Consciousness Studies/The Philosophical Problem/Machine Consciousness/Turing Test
A test devised by pioneering AI researcher Alan Turing to determine whether or not an AI is "strong"; that is, whether or not it is capable of behaving like a human. As described by Turing, the test consists of an AI and a human being siting in separate rooms. A researcher sits separate from both of them in a different room. The researcher does not know which room houses which entity, yet he can communicate freely with both the AI and the human. If the researcher is incapable of differentiating between the human and the AI, then the AI has "passed" the Turing Test.