Biomedical Engineering Theory And Practice/Biomaterials
Biomaterials science and engineering is a interdisciplinary field merging medicine, pharmaceuticals, biology, physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering, ethics and so on.
- 1 Overview of biomaterials
- 2 Classes of Biomaterials
- 3 Biomaterials Property/Analysis
- 4 Further Reading
- 5 Practise
- 6 Reference
Overview of biomaterials
The United States National Institute of Health Consensus Development Conference defined a biomaterial as ‘‘Any substance (other than a drug) or combination of substances, synthetic or natural in origin, which can be used for any period of time, as a whole or as a part of a system which treats, augments, or replaces any tissue, organ, or function of the body’’ (Boretos and Eden, 1984). Biomaterials area has grown over for 50 years. Biomaterils as a field uses ideas from medicine, biology, chemistry, materials science and engineering. In addition, biomaterials researchers should consider ethics,law and the health care delivery system.
Biomaterials can be divided into metals, ceramics, polymers, glasses, carbons, and composite materials. Such materials are used as molded or machined parts, coatings, fibers, films, foams,fabrics,liquid and powder.
Classes of Biomaterials
Metals as biomaterials
Ceramics as biomaterials
Table Biomedical Applications of Bioceramics
|Artificial total hip, knee,shoulder, elbow, wrist||Reconstruct arthritic or fractured joints||High-density alumina, metal bioglass coatings|
|Bone plates, screws, wires||Repair fractures||Bioglass-metal fiber composite,Polysulfone-carbon fiber composite|
|Intramedullary nails||Align fractures||Bioglass-metal fiber composite,Polysulfone-carbon fiber composite|
from T. V. Thamaraiselvi et al(2004)
Polymers as biomaterials
Composite as biomaterials
- Bronzino, Joseph D. (April 2006). The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Third Edition. [CRC Press]. ISBN 978-0-8493-2124-5. http://crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849321245.
- Villafane, Carlos, CBET. (June 2009). Biomed: From the Student's Perspective, First Edition. [Techniciansfriend.com]. ISBN 978-1-61539-663-4. http://www.biomedtechnicians.com.
- Information related to biomedical engineering.
- Trends Biomaterials of Artificial Organs, Vol 18 (1), pp 9-17 (2004)
Biomaterials Science: An Introduction to Materials in Medicine by Buddy D. Ratner, Allan S. Hoffman, Frederick J. Schoen, Jack E. Lemons
A Brief review: Biomaterials and their application, Amogh Tathe et al,Int J Pharm Pharm Sci, Vol 2, Suppl 4, 1923
Biomaterials by Joon B. Park, Roderic S. Lakes