Ancient History/Egypt/Pharaohs

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pharaohs[edit | edit source]

Pharaohs were kings in ancient Egypt, considered by their subjects to be divine. The word "Pharaoh" literally means "great house". This term refers to both the royal household in which the king dwelled and also the veneration and wonder the people held for the position. They were the most important people in the country of Egypt. The Pharaoh's word was never questioned as he had supreme authority, represented by the crook and flail. Many gifts were given to him in his honor. It was common for a Pharaoh to marry his sibling to "preserve the divinity within the blood line." Yet at the same time the Pharaohs had multiple wives, so the heir did not always come from the sibling-wife.

Early Dynastic[edit | edit source]

  • Years 3100-2700 B.C.
  • 1st to 2nd Dynasty

Pharaohs in the Old Kingdom[edit | edit source]

  • Khufu
  • Khafra fff
  • Menkaura
  • Shepseskaf

Pharaohs in the Middle Kingdom[edit | edit source]

  • Years 2050-1800 B.C.
  • 11th to 12th Dynasty

Pharaohs in the New Kingdom[edit | edit source]

  • Tutankamun
  • Akhenaton

Hellenistic Pharaohs[edit | edit source]

  • Alexander The Great
  • Ptolamys