A+ Certification/Exam Objectives/Operating Systems

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Identifying operating systems[edit]

Although the examination focuses almost exclusively on Microsoft's Windows operating system (OS), one should also know about differences among other operating systems.

Microsoft operating systems:

  • Legacy Windows OSes (need only to know upgrade paths):
    • Windows 95
    • Windows 98
    • Windows ME
    • Windows NT 4.0
    • Windows 2000
    • Windows XP
  • Current Windows OSes (focus on these for the new exam):
    • Windows Vista
    • Windows 7
    • Windows 8
    • Windows 10

Apple operating systems:

  • Mac OS X (which is based on Unix-like system-exam question)
  • iOS (for iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch)

Unix-like operating systems:

  • BSD (and derivations like FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and NetBSD)
  • NextStep
  • GNU/Linux
  • Google Android