2009 UIL Spelling Study Manual/Printable version
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Word List[edit | edit source]
For words with a * contestants must also know definitions.
- The insectivorous mammal species Proteles cristatus, of South Africa, related to and resembling the hyena. [Afrikaans, from Dutch aarde (“‘earth, soil’”) + wolf (“‘wolf’”). Used in English since the 19th Century.]
2. ab initio*
- (law) Refers to the time from when a legal document comes into force. [From Latin ab (“‘from’”) + initiō, ablative singular of initium (“‘beginning’”).]
- /əbˈsaɪz/ to cut off. [From Latin abscises, past participle of abscidere, formed from abs- + caedere "to cut".]
- similar to a spine in shape
- /ˈækərɪd/ Any parasitic arachnid, such as mites and ticks, of the order Acarina [from Ancient Greek 'akari', mite]
- /əkˈsɛsəbˑl/ Easy to approach or obtain [From Latin 'accedo', approach]
- /əkˈsɛsərɪ/ Having a secondary, supplementary or subordinate function by accompanying as a subordinate; aiding in a secondary way; being additional; being connected as an incident or subordinate to a principal; contributing or being contributory. Said of persons and things, and, when of persons, usually in a bad sense; as, he was accessory to the riot; accessory sounds in music.[From Latin accessorius]
- /'ækəleɪd/ An expression of approval; praise. 2. (music) A brace used to join two or more staves. [from French accolare, to embrace]
- the act of accruing (accrue - To increase, to augment; to come to by way of increase) [from French accrû, Old French acreü, past participle of accroître, Old French acroistre to increase; from Latin adcrēscō (“‘increase’”).]
- /ˈasəbeɪtɛd/ past tense of 'to acerbate' (acerbate - to exasperate, make bitter or sour)[From Latin acerbates, past participle of acerbare, from acerbus.]
11. Achilles tendon
- a tendon of the posterior leg
- /ækˈnɑl.ɪʤeɪbəl/ able to be acknowledged
- Of words, arguments, quarrels: bitter; mean-spirited; sharp in language or tone
- (pathology) A chronic disease marked by enlargement of the bones of the extremities, face, and jaw that is caused by over-activity of the pituitary gland.
15. ad hoc*
- /ˌæd ˈhɒk/ for this particular purpose 2. created on the spur of the moment, impromptu [From New Latin ad hoc (“‘for this’”).]
16. ad interim*
- at the interim, 'in the meantime'
- The quality of being adjacent, or near enough so as to touch.
- a grave warning or earnest appeal [From Latin adiūrō (“‘beg earnestly’”), from ad- (“‘near, at; towards, to’”)' + iūrō (“‘swear by oath’”).]
- able to be adjusted (adjust - To modify.)[Ultimately from Latin ad (“‘to, up to, towards’”) + iustus (justus), “‘correct, proper, exact’”)]
- derived from something intrinsic, inherent. [From Latin adscitus, from past participle of adsciscere to admit]
- Corrupted; impure
- adj. Able to give advice. N. advice, warning. [Example: The advisory committee could only offer advice, but since that was almost always accepted they had real power. ]
- Any airborne allergen (such as pollen)
- Employing or having an ambiguous or allegorical meaning, especially a political meaning [From Latin Aesopius (“‘Aesopian’”), from Ancient Greek Αἴσωπος (Aisōpos), “‘the famous Greek fabulist Aesop’”]
- The state or quality of being affable, friendly or approachable.
- a terrier-like toy breed of dog.
- The individual witness whose statement is contained in an affidavit or sworn deposition. [Example: Further affiant sayeth naught. (A centuries-old statement that is still used on some legal documents as the final declaration prior to the affiant's signature.)] [From form of verb Old French afier, from Late Latin affidare. Related to affidavit.]
- A declaration that something is true; an oath. [From Latin affirmare, to assert.]
- N. aggression; v. To set upon; to attack. [From Latin aggressum, past participle of aggredi (“‘to attack, assail, approach, go to’”) < ad (“‘to’”) + gradi (“‘to walk, go’”) < gradus (“‘step’”); see grade.]
- with agility
- An acute condition involving a severe and dangerous leukopenia, particularly of neutrophils, causing a neutropenia in the circulating blood.
- A sub-discipline of soil science which addresses optimising crop production
33. aigrette, aigret
- /ˈeɪgɹɪt/ A feather or plume, or feather-shaped item, used as an adornment or ornament [from French aigrette, 'egret']
- A district in the West Riding of Yorkshire surrounding the vale of the River Aire, OR an Airedale terrier, a breed of large dog
- /alˈkalde/ Mayor or other administrator [From Arabic القاضي (al-qāḍī) ‘judge’]
- mineralocorticoid hormone, secreted by the adrenal cortex, that regulates the balance of sodium and potassium in the body
- /ˈæɪlɪətɔri/ Depending on the throw of a die; random, arising by chance [From Latin āleātōrius, from āleātor (“‘dice-player’”), from ālea (“‘a die’”)]
- Of, from, or pertaining to the Aleutian Islands (a group of islands in the northern Pacific Ocean, west of Alaska), or to its inhabitants, their culture, or their language
- (mineralogy) A form of chrysoberyl that displays a colour change dependent upon light, along with strong pleochroism.
- one who alienates (alienate - To estrange; to withdraw affections or attention; to make indifferent or averse, where love or friendship before subsisted; to wean; with from)
41. All Fools' Day
- April Fools' Day.
- In the form or style of alliteration
43. aloe vera, Aloe vera
- The resin of the trees Aquilaria agallocha and Aquilaria malaccensis, known for their fragrant odour
- a high plateau. [From American Spanish from Latin altus + planum - high plain]
- plural of alumna, a female graduate or student
- a small cavity or pit, (anatomy) a small air sac in the lungs, where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged with the blood.
- (cooking) Served with almonds
- One employed to take dictation, or copy manuscripts; a clerk, secretary, scribe. [From Latin āmanuēnsis (“‘secretary’”), from ab + manus, "by hand".]
- surrounding, enveloping [From Latin ambiens (“‘going around’”), from ambiō (“‘go around’”).]
- A non-statutory monetary penalty or forfeiture
- A preference to the United States and the ideas it represents, OR A word, phrase or linguistic feature originating from or specific to American language usage. [Example:However, the -ize spelling is now rarely used in the UK in the mass media and newspapers, and is hence often incorrectly regarded as an Americanism.]
- /æmniˈɑːtɪk/ Pertaining to the amnion (amnion - (anatomy) the innermost membrane of the fetal membranes of reptiles, birds, and mammals; the sac in which the embryo is suspended) [From Latin for "membrane around a fetus", from Greek "bowl in which the blood of victims was caught", from ame, (bucket)]
- (of people) not believing in or caring for morality and immorality
- (pharmacology) A broad-spectrum antibiotic having a beta-lactam structure
- The measure of something's size, especially in terms of width or breadth; largeness, magnitude;(physics) The maximum absolute value of some quantity that varies; (mathematics) The maximum absolute value of the vertical component of a curve or function, especially one that is periodic
- a two-handled vessel with a swollen middle, sometimes used to hold holy oil or wine
- A decorative ornament worked in low relief; 2. The three-dimensional effect created by spectacles that have usually one red and one bluish-green lens and a stereoscopically modified film
- A collection of excerpts or quotes, u. those of Confucius
- not alphabetic
- A short account of an incident, often humorous
- lacking echos; that absorbs sound (Example: "The basoonist settled into the anechoic chamber and prepared for another grueling recording session.")
62. aneurysm, aneurism
- /ˈæn.jɚ.ɪz.m̩/(pathology) An abnormal blood-filled swelling of an artery or vein, resulting from a localized weakness in the wall of the vessel [Ancient Greek ἀνεύρυσμα (aneurysma), “‘a widening, an opening’”) < ἀνά (ana), “‘up’”) + εὐρύς (eurys), “‘wide’”).]
- The study of angels. Angels have been grouped into nine categories, from lowest to highest: angel, virtue, archangel, power, principality, minion, throne, cherub, and seraph
- (medicine) A medical imaging technique in which an X-ray image is taken to visualize the inside of blood vessels and organs of the body, with particular interest in the arteries, veins and the heart chambers
- having little or no water
- (metallurgy) To subject to great heat, and then cool slowly for the purpose of rendering less brittle; to temper; to toughen
- one who annotates (annotate - to add comment to a text)
- one who receives amounts of money regularly over a certain fixed period
- /æntəˈsidnt/ something that precedes another
- literally "before the flood"; Extremely ancient or antiquated; old; prehistoric (before Noah's Ark.) [From ante- + Latin diluvium flood]
- Of or relating to morning; that happens in the morning.
- occurring or existing before birth
- Placing humans at the center of something, giving preference to humans above all other considerations [anthropo-, meaning man, human]
- substance that hinders a reaction, usually by affecting the catalyst
- An agent that prevents or counteracts depression
- That inhibits the growth of fungi; antimycotic
77. antihero, anti-hero
- (literature) A protagonist who proceeds in an unheroic manner, such as by criminal means, via cowardly actions, or for mercenary goals
- (medicine) Loss of voice; the inability to speak
- /ә'præksıә/ Total or partial loss of the ability to perform coordinated movements or manipulate objects in the absence of motor or sensory impairment; specifically, a disorder of motor planning [From Greek απραξία (aprāksiā), “‘inaction’”); From a- (“‘without’”) + praxis (“‘action’”)]
- Any virus that is transmitted by an arthropod
- (biology) living or burrowing in sand
97. Aristotelian, Aristotelean
- To officially charge someone in a court of law [French arraisonner (to verify the cargo of a vessel or avion), from raison]
101. ascendancy, ascendency
- (science fiction, intransitive) To astronavigate; to control and guide a spacecraft
- In an astute manner
- /æ.trə.fi/ (pathology) A reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease, injury or lack of use.
- /ɑːˈtɑːkθənəs Native to the place where found; indigenous [example: Two of the most celebrated of the evolutionists reject the autochthonous view, for Darwin's Descent of Man and Haeckel's Hist. of Creation consider the American man an emigrant from the old world, whatever way the race may have developed] [Literally, "native to the soil"; from autochthon + -ous]
Word List[edit | edit source]
- (biology) The scientific study of bacteria, especially in relation to disease and agriculture.
132. baedeker, Baedeker
- Proprietary name of a longtime series of travel guidebooks.;(by extension from the proprietary name) Any travel guide, advice for travelers, or guide pertaining to other subjects (Example: "His middle-of-the-road guidebook to the Georgians (Henry James to T. S. Eliot) will be a useful Baedeker for literary sightseers." [1934, "Literary Guide: Review of The Georgian Scene by Frank Swinnerton," Time, 3 Dec])
- in cooking, a large pan containing hot water, into which other smaller pans are set in order to cook food slowly, or to keep food warm [French, from Medieval Latin balneum Mariae Maria’s bath]
- /bæˈlɛt.əˌmeɪn/, /bəˈlɛt.əˌmeɪn/ An enthusiastic ballet fan
- one of several small balloons, inside a dirigible, that can be inflated or deflated to control buoyancy during flight
- /ˌbɔːlˈsæmɪk/ Having the pleasant odour of balsam; balmy, fragrant (Example: "he stood in the road, fragrant with the odor of the azaleas in the undergrowth and the balsamic breath of the low-hanging firs, which were all fibrously a-glitter wherever the moon touched the dew in the dense midst of their shadows." [1891, Mary Noailles Murfree, In the "Stranger People's" Country, Nebraska 2005, p. 14]
- (bullfighting) A stick with a sharp end and a decorated end, which a bullfighter stick into the bull's back.
- (music) A small Latin American accordion played with buttons.
139. bangalore torpedo
- pipe bomb 
140. Barbary Coast
- doctor of bariatrics [bariatrics - (medicine) The branch of medicine dealing with obesity and weight problems.]
- Any of several Australian fish of the genus Ceratodus; the lungfish
- A plant (Ocimum basilicum), OR the leaves of this plant used as an herb
- /ˈbæz.ə.lɪsk/ A mythical (and heraldic) snake-like dragon type, reputed to be so venomous that its gaze was deadly; (zoology) A treedwelling type of lizard, of genus Basiliscus. [From Middle English < Old French basilisc < Latin basiliscus < Ancient Greek βασιλίσκος (basiliskos), “‘royal, imperial’”) < βασιλεύς (basileus), “‘king’”).]
- /bəˈsuːn/ A musical instrument in the woodwind family, having a double reed and, playing in the tenor and bass ranges [From French basson, from Italian bassone, from basso (“‘bass’”) + augmentative suffix -one.]
- fear of something tall
- a slow-moving creek [From American French bayou, from Choctaw bayuk (“‘creek’”).]
- blessed, blissful, heavenly [From beatify, from Latin beatificare, make blessed, from beatus, blessed + ficare, make, variant form of facere, make]
149. beef stroganoff
- A dish of sautéed pieces of beef (or a substitute) served in a sauce with sour cream [Named after the Stroganov family, a distinguished Russian family involved in the settlement of Siberia; however, keep in mind that the 'stroganoff' in the word is not capitalized like a name would be]
- A cross between a domestic cow and an American buffalo or bison, or the meat of such a hybrid.
151. Bella Coola
- small community in British Columbia
- one who writes belles-lettres (belles-letteres - literary works valued more for their aesthetic qualities than for any informative or educational content)
- Warlike in nature; aggressive; hostile
- anything that indicates future trends [from bell + wether, originally a sheep with a bell around its neck that led a flock]
- A broom made from a bundle of twigs tied onto a shaft. [Old English besma, from West Germanic *besmon.]
- the act of bestowing
158. bête noire
- An anathema; someone or something which is particularly disliked or avoided; an
object of aversion, the bane of one’s existence. [French, literally ‘black beast’.] 159. bêtise
- silliness, folly, stupidity
- "A bibliofilm is a series of still images on 35 mm. standard safety photographic film."
- a bookseller, especially of secondhand or rare books
- pigment in bile
- The process by which substances accumulate in the tissues of living organisms
- (heraldry) A contrasting border round a shield
- A country in Southern Africa (formerly Bechuanaland). Official name: Republic of Botswana
- A military document entitling a commissioned officer to hold a higher rank temporarily, but without an increase in pay
- A person who breaks horses so that they can be ridden with a saddle (Example: Over in the large corral a bronco buster, assisted by two of the cowboys, was engaged in roping and throwing some wild mustangs.)
- A coarse cloth of linen or hemp, stiffened with size or glue, used in garments to keep them in the form intended, and for wrappers to cover merchandise. (Example: 1882: Buckram was probably from the first a stiffened material employed for lining, often dyed. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 557)
190. builddown, build-down
191. Bunsen burner*
194. bush leaguer
195. Bushido, bushido
References[edit | edit source]
Word List[edit | edit source]
For words with a * contestants must also know definitions.
- A horseman, particularly in the Latin American context
- A systemic wasting of muscle tissue, with or without loss of fat mass, that accompanies a chronic disease
- compulsion, mania
199. cadastre, cadaster
- a public survey of land for the purpose of taxation
- Corpselike; hinting of death; imitating a cadaver [cadaver - dead body (cadō (“I fall”) as a metaphor for "I die", also source (through comb. form -cida) of the -cide in suicide, homicide etc.))]
- collusion or collaboration to nefarious ends.
- tribe of Native Americans
- squid as food, especially cooked in the form of calamari rings
- A mechanical or electronic device that performs mathematical calculations
205. calliope (instrument)
- A musical organ, consisting of steam whistles played with a keyboard. Often used with merry-go-rounds
- A callous demeanour; insensitivity or hardheartedness
- he condition of being callow; immaturity.
- An apparatus for measuring the heat generated or absorbed by either a chemical reaction, change of phase or some other physical change
- Art or "hard copy" (a document or graphic art) that requires no additional work to be done to it before copies of it can be reproduced. It is commonly used in situations where separate documents will be compiled into a single compilation, such as compiling technical publications into a conference handout.
210. Camorra, camorra
- The Neapolitan equivalent of the Mafia
- Relating to open fields or uncultivated land.
- (organic chemistry) A white transparent waxy crystalline isoprenoid ketone, with a strong pungent odour, used in pharmacy
- the state of being sincere and open in speech; honesty in expression [from Latin for "brightness"/"brilliance")
- A water sport involving racing in canoes or kayaks.
- melodious, resonant
- stubborn, cranky, surly
- a Sicilian dish of baked aubergines with capers, olives, pine nuts etc, normally served cold
- Any of the stones making up the top layer of a wall 2. A crowning achievement
- member of the Italian Carabinieri
- A type of mountain cat, of genus Caracal, native to Southern Africa, Turkestan and India
- capital of Venezuela
- A sugar, starch, or cellulose that is a food source of energy for an animal or plant; a saccharide.
223. Carboniferous, carboniferous
- Containing or producing carbon
- (medicine) The widespread presence of carcinomas that have metastasized throughout the body
- Of or pertaining to both the heart and the chest
- To lurch or sway violently from side to side.
- A mark [^] used by writers and proof readers to indicate that something
is to be inserted in the place marked by the caret. 228. carping
- Pertaining to excessive complaining.
- Pertaining to Descartes or his mathematical methods
- in likeness of a caryatid (a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or pillar)
- The abrogation of a law by a higher authority; annulment.
233. casus belli*
- an act seen as justifying or causing a war
237. catch phrase
241. cecropia moth*
243. celestial, Celestial
260. Chinook, chinook
263. chop suey*
278. clubbable, clubable
306. confederacy, Confederacy
328. coronagraph, coronograph
338. coup d' état
343. crape myrtle, crepe myrtle
344. crêpe de Chine
360. cynicism, Cynicism
361. cystic fibrosis
Word List[edit | edit source]
For words with a * contestants must also know definitions. 363. dactylogram 364. daikon 365. danseuse 366. Dardanelles* 367. de Stijl 368. debasement 369. decapitate 370. decasyllabic 371. Deccan 372. declamatory 373. decorous 374. decrescendo 375. decussate 376. defenestration* 377. deferred* 378. definitude 379. defrayal 380. deglutition 381. deionize* 382. deliquesce 383. Delmonico steak 384. Delphian 385. demagogic* 386. démarche 387. dendrochronology 388. denotation 389. deodorant 390. depersonalize 391. depiction* 392. depository 393. depressant 394. dermabrasion 395. desacralize 396. desensitize 397. designee* 398. desuetude 399. desultorily* 400. detrition 401. deus ex machina 402. devious 403. dewlap 404. dexterously 405. diable 406. diapason 407. dictatorial 408. didactics 409. dilatory* 410. diplopia* 411. disarmament 412. disciform 413. disclaimer* 414. discountenance 415. disembogue 416. disenfranchise 417. disincentive 418. disorientation* 419. dispossessed 420. disquisition 421. dissenter, Dissenter 422. dissolvent 423. dissuasion 424. distrait 425. dithyramb 426. divagate 427. divorcée (female) 428. Doberman pinscher* 429. dodecaphonic 430. dogmatism 431. doloroso* 432. Doric order 433. dorsolateral 434. dosimetry 435. dowager's hump 436. dragoman* 437. dramatization 438. dreidel, dreidl 439. drosophila, Drosophila 440. dulcet* 441. dundrearies* 442. duopoly 443. dyed-in-the-wool 444. dyscalculia 445. dysphonia
For words with a * contestants must also know definitions.
446. Easter lily 447. ebullition* 448. eccentricity* 449. echolalia 450. ecocide 451. econometrics* 452. ecophysiology 453. edema, oedema 454. educible* 455. effervescence 456. efficacy 457. effulgence* 458. egregiousness 459. eidolons 460. El Niño* 461. El Salvador 462. electorate* 463. elitism, élitism 464. ellipticity 465. elocution 466. emanate 467. embarkation 468. embellishment 469. embrasure 470. embryonic 471. emplacement 472. emulsible 473. en masse* 474. encephalitis 475. encroaches 476. endocrinology 477. endogamy 478. endorphin 479. ensconce 480. ensiform 481. ensilage* 482. enthrallment 483. entropy 484. eonian, aeonian 485. epidemiology 486. epigenous 487. epiphenomenon 488. epiphyte 489. episodic* 490. eponymous 491. epoxy 492. eristic* 493. erumpent 494. escapism* 495. escapology 496. escutcheon 497. esoteric 498. Estonia 499. ethos* 500. etiolate 501. eupeptic 502. eupnea* 503. eureka 504. euripus 505. evangelist, Evangelist 506. evocative 507. ex libris* 508. exclamatory 509. execrate 510. executive privilege 511. exergue 512. exhortation* 513. exhumation 514. exigent 515. exonerate 516. expiate 517. expostulation* 518. extensor 519. exudation 520. exurbia 521. eye rhyme* - rhyme created using words that look similar but are not pronounced in a rhyming way 522. eyespot
523. facilitation 524. fait accompli 525. familial* - Of or pertaining to family. 526. fashionmonger 527. fastidious 528. fathomless 529. Faulknerian 530. faultfinding 531. featherweight 532. febricity 533. femininity 534. ferine 535. fetlock* 536. fiancé (male)* 537. Fibonacci sequence 538. ficus, Ficus 539. figurehead 540. filched 541. filial 542. fishmonger* 543. fissionable 544. fissiped 545. flagelliform* 546. flamenco* 547. flange 548. fleeciness 549. flout 550. fluoroscope 551. foliicolous 552. foray 553. forceps* - An instrument used in surgery or medical procedures for grasping and holding objects, similar to tongs or pincers. 554. forethought 555. forgettable 556. Formica (trademark) 557. forswear, foreswear 558. fourragère 559. franchisee 560. Fräulein, fräulein 561. frenetic, phrenetic 562. frugivorous 563. fruition 564. fugacious* - Fleeting, fading quickly, transient. 565. fugleman 566. funambulist 567. fungistat 568. futurity race* - a race that competitors enter in advance