XForms/Binds to many instances

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Motivation[edit]

You often want to be able to bind to different instances in different models. This sample program shows you how to do this. Creating separated models is critical to allow clean submissions. You should always structure so that your submission data is in a single model. But this creates problems when referencing data elements without specifying what model the instance is part of.

Note in the example below the group element encloses the output for each model.

Screen Image[edit]

Binding to instances in multiple models

Sample Program[edit]

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:xf="http://www.w3.org/2002/xforms"
xmlns:foobar="http://www.example.com">
   <head>
      <title>Binds to Multiple Instances in Multiple Models</title>
      <style type="text/css">
         @namespace xf url("http://www.w3.org/2002/xforms");
         body {font-family: Helvetica,sans-serif}
         xf|label {font-weight: bold}
      </style>
 
      <xf:model id="model-1">
 
         <xf:instance id="instance-1-1" xmlns="">
            <Data>
               <Message>Hello World Model 1 Instance 1!</Message>
            </Data>
         </xf:instance>
         <xf:bind id="bind-1-1" nodeset="instance('instance-1-1')/Message" />
 
         <xf:instance id="instance-1-2" xmlns="">
            <Data>
               <Message>Hello World Model 1 Instance 2!</Message>
            </Data>
         </xf:instance>
         <xf:bind id="bind-1-2" nodeset="instance('instance-1-2')/Message" />
 
      </xf:model>
 
      <xf:model id="model-2">
 
         <xf:instance id="instance-2-1" xmlns="">
            <Data>
               <Message>Hello World Model 2 Instance 1!</Message>
            </Data>
         </xf:instance>
         <xf:bind id="bind-2-1" nodeset="instance('instance-2-1')/Message" />
 
         <xf:instance id="instance-2-2" xmlns="">
            <Data>
               <Message>Hello World Model 2 Instance 2!</Message>
            </Data>
         </xf:instance>
         <xf:bind id="bind-2-2" nodeset="instance('instance-2-2')/Message" />
 
      </xf:model>
 
   </head>
 
   <body>
   <h1>Model 1</h1>
      <xf:group model="model-1">
         <xf:output ref="instance('instance-1-1')/Message">
            <xf:label>ref="instance('instance-1-1')/Message":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
         <br/>
         <xf:output bind="bind-1-1">
            <xf:label>bind="bind-1-1":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
         <br/>
         <xf:output ref="instance('instance-1-2')/Message">
            <xf:label>ref="instance('instance-1-2')/Message":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
         <br/>
         <xf:output bind="bind-1-2">
            <xf:label>bind="bind-1-2":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
      </xf:group>
      <h1>Model 2</h1>
      <xf:group model="model-2">
         <xf:output ref="instance('instance-2-1')/Message">
            <xf:label>ref="instance('instance-2-1')/Message":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
         <br/>
         <xf:output bind="bind-2-1">
            <xf:label>bind="bind-2-1":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
         <br/>
         <xf:output ref="instance('instance-2-2')/Message">
            <xf:label>ref="instance('instance-2-2')/Message":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
         <br/>
         <xf:output bind="bind-2-2">
            <xf:label>bind="bind-2-2":</xf:label>
         </xf:output>
      </xf:group>
   </body>
</html>

Discussion[edit]

Note that you can not bind across models. This implies that complex calculations that need to access instance data in multiple models need to copy them into a single model before calculations are done.

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