410 - Corn crake. Crex crex. On a rock. PANDA emblem and WWF initials.
411 - Corn crake. Crex crex. In the grass. PANDA emblem and WWF initials.
412 - Corn crake. Crex crex. In the nest while hatching. PANDA emblem and WWF initials.
413 - Corn crake. Crex crex. With the chicks in the green grass. PANDA emblem and WWF initials.
Michel Catalogue Number 379-382
Yury Gagarin. The Earth’s first spaceman. April 12, 1961.
Michel Catalogue Number
Yury Gagarin (1934-1968). Russian pilot and spaceman, the first man who carried out a space-flight
Mihai Racoviţă (1703-1705, 1707-1709, 1716-1726). Was a Moldovan Ruler during three periods of time and a Muntenian Ruler during 2 periods of time. Ruled in the Fanariot spirit, established during that epoch. Had to fight against the parties of boyars and against the finicality from the Porte. Promoted an excessive fiscal policy.
Nicolae Mavrocordat (1709-1710, 1711-1715). Was a Moldovan Ruler during two periods of time and a Muntenian Ruler also during two periods of time. During his reign the Turkish -Fanariot regime was established, meanwhile the Turkish exploitation reached the height. He was preoccupied by education; he founded schools and encouraged the teaching of Latin, Helen, and mathematics.
Constantin Mavrocordat (1733-1735, 1741-1743, 1748-1749, 1769). Was the Moldovan Ruler during four periods and Muntenian Ruler during six periods of time. Learned man. He reformed: the justice, the fiscal system, the army, in order to modernize the state. For the administration of the territories were named some boyars (ispravnici). In 1749 he promulgated The Establishment of Constantin Mavrocordat- the law through which slavery was abolished.
Grigore Callimachi (1761-1764, 1767-1769). Fanariot Ruler, son of Ioan Teodor Callimachi. Diminish some of the taxes. Was for education. Gave the order for „The traditions of Moldova register” to be written. Being suspected of having connection with Russians, he was taken to Constantinople and beheaded.
Grigore Alexandru Chica (1849-1853, 1854-1856). ). Was a Moldovan Ruler during two periods of time and a Muntenian Ruler during one period of time. He was the enemy of the Austria and a friend of Russia. He regulated the tax and the public educational system.
Through the measures he took, he brought the country to a relative prosperity. He has been assassinated by a killer sent by the Porte because he was against giving Bucovina to Austria.
Antioh Cantemir (1695-1700, 1705-1707). Both he and his brother, Dimitrie Cantemir, try trough different means to obtain the throne. He has been described by chronicler Ion Neculce as a “person with a large body, handsome, and smart, fair judge”. Was friendly with Poles. During his first reigning he sign the Peace treaty at Karlovitz.
Miniature sheets 25
Dimitrie Cantemir (1710-1711). Moldovan Ruler. Learned man, encyclopedist, polyglot, writer. At the age of 15 he became hostage in Constantinople, where was kept there for 20 years. In 1710 he is assigned as Moldovan Ruler by the Turks. Tried to obtain the independence of the country, by signing a secret alliance document with Russia. After the Russian-Moldavian army has been defeated by the Turks in Stănileşti (1711), he took shelter in Russia. Wrote historical, geographical, and philosophical works. Became a member of the Berlin Academy of Science (1714).