Wikijunior:World Religions/Islam

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How many people follow Islam?[edit]

Islam is the second-largest religion in the world and one of the fastest-growing religions, with about 1.5 billion Muslims (followers of Islam) in the world (more than 20% of the world's population).

Where is Islam practiced?[edit]

Islam is practiced in Arabia, North Africa many parts of Asia and some parts of south-east Europe.

What are the main beliefs of Islam?[edit]

Allah is the god of Islam. The major prophet in Islam is Muhammad. The Islamic Messiah(Man sent from Allah)is Isa. The Pillars of Islam are five basic acts in Islam, considered obligatory for all Muslims. The Quran presents them as a framework for worship and a sign of commitment to the faith. They are (1) the shahadah (creed), (2) daily prayers (salat), (3) almsgiving (zakah), (4) fasting during the month of Ramadan and (5) the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) which has to be made at least once in a lifetime. The Shia and Sunni sects both agree on the essential details for the performance of these acts:

  1. The Shahadah, which is the basic creed of Islam that must be recited under oath with the specific statement: "'ašhadu 'al-lā ilāha illā-llāhu wa 'ašhadu 'anna muħammadan rasūlu-llāh", or "I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God." This testament is a foundation for all other beliefs and practices in Islam. Muslims must repeat the shahadah in prayer, and non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam are required to recite the creed.
  2. Salah, or ritual prayer, which must be performed five times a day.
  3. Sawm, or fasting during the month of Ramadan. Muslims must not eat or drink (among other things) from dawn to dusk during this month, and must be mindful of other sins.
  4. Zakat, or alms-giving, which is giving a fixed portion of accumulated wealth by those who can afford it to help the poor or needy, and also to assist the spread of Islam.
  5. The Hajj, which is the pilgrimage during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah in the city of Mecca. Every able-bodied Muslim who can afford it must make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his or her lifetime.

What texts does Islam hold sacred?[edit]

The Qur'an (also spelled as Koran) is the holy book of Islam. Muslims consider it as "The Word of Allah (God)".

What are some main holidays and practices of Islam?[edit]

Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha are the 2 main holidays in Islam. Ramadan, a month of fasting (not eating during daylight hours) occurs in June, July or August each year.

What is the history of Islam?[edit]

Who are some famous people who have practiced Islam?[edit]

What is a story from Islam?[edit]

References[edit]