Wikijunior:Ancient Civilizations/Aksum

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What country did they live in?[edit]

The Aksumites lived in what is now Eritrea, northern Ethiopia and Yemen in northeastern Africa. The capital city of their kingdom, also called Aksum, was in northern Ethiopia, in the province of Tigray. In the 4th century AD the Aksumites also ruled part of Asia.[1]

What did their buildings look like?[edit]

Excavations in Aksum revealed much about Askumite buildings. The central part of the town contained buildings that were square or rectangular. The homes were large, consisting of a lodge surrounded by four smaller buildings. The lodge was built on top of a pavilion, with a wide staircase leading to it. Less wealthy citizens lived in homes surrounding these buildings.

What did they eat?[edit]

The people of ancient Aksum ate a large, flat pancake like bread called injera made from teff, the country's staple grain. They used injera as a plate while they ate - food was placed on the injera bread, then small pieces were torn off bit-by-bit to pick up the rest of their food.

What did their writing look like?[edit]

People aren't certain of what the Aksum writing looked like, but after finding coins with Greek writing on them, they established they wrote in Greek. This makes sense, because there was a lot of Greco-Roman trading.

What did they believe?[edit]

It converted to Christianity around 325 under King Ezana

Are some of them famous even today?[edit]

Kaleb Ella Atsbeha, Frumentius, and King Ezana are some of the more famous Aksum Leaders.

What is left of them today?[edit]

Not much of their culture is left today


  1. Past Worlds Harper Collins Atlas of Archaeology. London:Times Books Ltd, 1996.