Wampanoag/Of the Pronoun

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Because of the common and general use of the Pronoun to be affixed unto both Nouns, Verbs, and other parts of Speech, and that in the formation of them; therefore that is the first Part of Speech to be handled.

I shall give no other description of them but this, They are such words as do express all the persons, both singular and plural:


Personal pronouns
Singular Plural
Wampanoag English Wampanoag English
neen I neenawun (exclusive) or kenawun (inclusive) We
ken You (Thou) kenaau You (Ye)
noh or nagum He nahoh or nagoh They

Note: Roger Williams gives pronouns as Neèn (I), Keèn (you), Ewò (he), Keén ka neen (You and I).'

The first and second persons are of most use in affixing both of Nouns and Verbs, and other Parts of Speech.

The third person singular is affixed with such Syllables as these, |Wut|. |wun|. |um|. |∞|. etc. having respect to Euphonie: And sometime the third person, especially of Verbs, hath no affix.

These Pronouns, (|Neen| and |Ken|) when they are affixed, they are contracted into |Ne| and |Ke|, and varied in the Vocal or Vowel according to Euphonie, with the word it is affixed unto; as |N∞|, |K∞|, &c.

If the word unto which it is affixed begin with a Vocal, then a Consonant of a fitting sound is interposed, to couple the word and his affix with an Euphonie: as |Nut|. |kut|. |num|. |kum|, &c.

I give not Examples of these Rules, because they will be so obvious anon, when you see Nouns and Verbs affixed.

Notes on pronouns from Experience Mayhew: That the Indian pronoun is not declined, or varied, except when it is used in composition with other words or parts of speech, and then Neen (I) is varied into nut, noo, nun. Thou into kut, koo, kun, etc... So "I run" is in Indian nukquokqueem. "My son" nunnamon.


There be also other Pronouns of frequent use:

As the Interrogative of persons: sing. |Howan|. pl. |Howanig|, {Who},

The Interrogative of things: sing. |Uttiyeu|, or |tanyeu|. pl. |Uttiyeush|, {Which}.

Demonstratives Of Persons sing. |Yeuoh|, {This or that man}. |Noh|. pl. |Yeug|, {These men}. |Nag| or |neg|, {They}.

Demonstratives of things sing. Yeu (This), Ne (This). pl. |Yeush| {These}. |Nish| {These}.

Distributives: Nawhutchee (some), Monaog (many), Tohsuog? or Tohsunash (How many?)


But because these are not of use in affixing to other Parts of Speech, they may as well be reckoned among Adnouns, as some do; though there is another Schesis upon them, and they attend upon Verbs as well as Nouns.