User:Vuara/Ancient alphabet

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Announcement of Discovery Gary Vey

An ancient alphabet has been found and successfully translated on six continents. Translations and grammar suggest a global human culture thrived in antiquity.

Note: Viewzone has recently published a book, Evil Fire Made To Burn, which is available at www.dandelionbooks.net and which gives new details and complete translations of this material, as well as other interesting facts surrounding the old language.

Abstract

The author, in attempting to document some unusual and very old rock art in remote North America, has discovered an ancient alphabet. This alphabet is similar to ancient writing found in other locations around the globe and the author suggests that this is the result of a cultural migration. The Colorado site, located near La Junta, has been dated to before 800 BC. In the Negev desert of Israel, the same alphabet has been meticulously dated to 1500 BC. In South Australia the alphabet is estimated to be over 5000 years old. Similar alphabets have been discovered in Oklahoma, Mexico, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and in Western Asia.

The alphabet has been given the name "old Negev," after the location of the alphabet's initial discovery in the Sinai by a Harvard funded expedition (see James Harris, Ph.D., Brigham Young University). In Australia it has been known by the name "Panaramitee Art." In the Americas it has been misrepresented as Native American Indian sign language (See LaVan Martineau, The Rocks Speak). The alphabet has most recently surfaced in Yemen, where it was carved in a beautiful font style associated with the Sabaean Empire under Bilqis, the Queen of Sheba. The alphabet is now understood to be proto-Himyaritic, or Sabaean, and has successfully been translated using the port-Canaanite algorithm.

The author recognizes the danger of describing the language as "old Negev" or "old Hebrew," despite the fact that root-Semetic languages are used in the translations. Evidence of the antiquity of this script in both the Americas and Australia suggest that this root language may pre-date that of the Hebrews by at least a millennia. The author and his associates suggest using an unbiased name, such as "the First Tongue," to avoid any biased association with a specific people, culture or era. The content of the translations, although not complete, suggests a global culture and religious belief system devoted to a monotheistic deity, often symbolized by the word "AL" or "EL." But more scrutiny of this language system, its content and occurrence around the globe is indicated.

Photographic evidence is presented here and on-going translations are posted from the ViewZone Expedition in May 2000 which returned to Colorado and Oklahoma and also the Yemen Expedition of 2001. A discussion of the evidence is welcomed.

A helpful summary of background data is presented HERE beginning with the first publication of the petroglyphs in 1998 on viewzone.com.

New Archive of Global Petroglyphs Here!

Note: We have a large archive of unusual petroglyphs from around the world. We welcome any jpegs or images you wish to submit for inclusion. Please send an email prior to sending the image and we will give you instructions on how to send it. Send your enquiries to myristicin@hotmail.com. Thank you.

THE ALPHABET

Summarized Links by Topic and Region

The Alphabet contains basic, distinct geometric shapes that correspond to established phonetic sounds. Certain letters have more than one symbol so that they can be used consecutively with either inclusion or exclusion of the corresponding word. Since there are no word breaks (spaces) in this language, this is a natural requirement.

The vowels (except for Y) are almost always omitted, unless they are necessary to distinguish precise meaning. Most words have one sylible.

Earlier attempts to translate the symbols failed because the alphabet was believed to be proto-Arabic. This was a natural assumption since the symbols were first seen only in the Sinai and the Arabian peninsula. However, translations have successfully been made by using an old Semitic dialect that ore-dates Hebrew.

The alphabetical symbols were originally found pecked in stone. The stone surface is typically flat and has a dark patina of oxidized minerals, similar to a blackboard. The surface is breached with a sharp object, removing small chunks of the patina and revealing the bright contrasted stone. The bright petroglyphs gradually darken with age making them visible only with oblique lighting and shadows. An exception to this was the discovery of the Sabaean font in Yemen, which utilized the finest masonry and carving techniques. The Yemen text was also found cast in bronze and printed with movable typographic characters.

The alphabetic symbols are often arranged in groups that can be mistaken for pictures or maps. These "ligatures" can be broken down into discrete letters and phrases. Curiously, many of the ligatures are made such that the word meaning is conveyed both phonetically (for those that can read) and symbolically. A typical word or phrase will have two or three symbols in length. The direction of flow and the grammar are explained in detail in subsequent papers linked from this page.

<-- Use the tear-off alphabet chart to understand the photographs as you view the evidence.


BACKGROUND DATA

The Expedition 1998 was undertaken as a way of becoming familiar with petroglyphs. The four-corners area of Monument Valley was documented, as well as Anasazi habitats never before filmed. Special attention was given to the nature and style of the petroglyphs and pictograms (painted on rock) of that area.

An attempt is made to translate some of the symbols using the methods of LaVan Martineau, with limited success.

The Four-Corners, Anasazi Habitat (1998)


The Expedition visited the Hopi Reservation and was allowed to document ancient petroglyphs, never before photographed, and to explore the mythology and tradition of the oldest North American habitat. The Hopi Reservation (1998)


All of the visits to known American Indian sites were in preparation for assessing the southeast Colorado petroglyphs, which were meticulously documented in the feature, "The Picketwire People," shown for the first time on ViewZone Magazine in 1998. At the time, no similar alphabet was known to the author. The Picketwire People (1998)


PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE COLORADO, USA

We revisited the Colorado location again in May of 2000 and May 2002 with a higher resolution imaging and recording apparatus and documented many new sites. The most impressive was named "the Gillespie Stone" and contained an altar stone with appropriate texts praising the One God, "El." (see The Colorado Expedition of 2000 and Colorado Expedition 2002).

Other Atrifacts recently translated reveal the manner in which the alphabet is grouped and can easily be mistaken for a picture.

These OKLAHOMA translations were made after discovering an old photograph taken of a remote site in Colorado. The black and white original is in a museum, largely forgotten.


SOUTH AUSTRALIA Most recently, Viewzone received photographs from a team in Australia who depicted similar petroglyphs of a much older date (i.e. in excess of 1800 B.C.) These were examined and translations of the material proved that it originated with the same root culture and ascribed to the same rules of grammar and symbols.

Translation of these Australian panels, a style known locally as Panaramitee Tradition, has been completed but the complete and the results have been successful. We provide some examples here.

The Australian Petroglyphs (2000) #1 The Australian Petroglyphs (2000) #2 Australian Petroglyphs (2001) #3


NEGEV DESERT, ISRAEL The Negev Desert has been explored by Dr. James Harris, of BYU, who identified some of the grammar and structure of the Middle-East petroglyphs and has described this alphabet as "old Negev." His translations are reviewed in detail.

Additional script from the Negev region are also included for review.

Negev Mine script Harkarkom Stone More script from Harkarkom

For a look at petroglyphs from around the globe, see the Archive.


Update from Yemen: Translations.

On October 15, John McGovern, busy documenting the First Tongue in Australia, located pictures of inscriptions from the alleged Queen Sheba's archaeological site in Yemen. The language on the wall, although stylized into a font, appears to be First Tongue. Click HERE to see a recently uncovered panel and our attempt at a meaningful translation. Additional translations of a stone, partially buried in the sand and unexcavated, are attempted HERE.

It is our belief that this ancient alphabet was used much as Latin inscriptions and Roman Numeral dates are used on contemporary dedication plaques. A dead language never changes and is therefore constant through time.

Old temple uncovers Queen of Sheba

The Mahram Bilqis contains priceless documents, artifacts from the time of the biblical queen.

September 13, 2000 TORONTO (Reuters)

A Canadian archaeologist said on Tuesday that his team was slowly unravelling the secrets of a 3,000-year-old temple that may have belonged to the Queen of Sheba. Half-buried under the sands of the southern Arabian desert in northern Yemen, the Mahram Bilqis or Temple of the Moon God contains priceless documents and artifacts from the time of the biblical queen.

The Yemeni government does not have control over the various tribal groups that live in the country and who believe that they own the land'The temple was a sacred site for pilgrims in Arabia from around 1200 BC to to 550 AD, the time that fits with history's record of the Queen of Sheba and her visit to King Solomon of Israel. "To have such historical, religious and cultural connection to one site is tremendous. Not often in archaeology do we have that." Professor Bill Glanzman the project's director told Reuters. The discovery and excavation of the temple began in 1951 by the late American archaeologist Wendell Phillips. But it was halted abruptly a year later because of political unrest. Work was restarted in 1998 by the American Foundation for the Study of Man, a nonprofit organisation that spearheads such projects.

Surprisingly, Phillips and Jamme, in the 1950's, remarked that some of the oldest scripts in Yemen seemed to have proto-Canaanite characteristics and did not translate using Arabic dialects. The team were ousted from Yemen before this could be explored. Curiously, none of the subsequent research -- including the present work at the Temple Bilquis -- has attempted to apply this method to the texts.

Glanzman, leader of the recent University of Calgary expedition to Yemen, said the Bilquis Temple could become an "eighth wonder of the world," attracting people from around the world. But another expert disagrees. "This is the most optimistic of statements at the moment, given the economic and political situation and the problem of raising money for such things," said Edward Keall, senior curator of Middle Eastern Archaeology at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto.

"I do not expect to see it in my lifetime," he said. "As of the moment, the Yemeni government does not have control over the various tribal groups that live in the country and who believe that they own the land," Keall said. But Glanzman tries to sell the importance of the excavation, saying it is as important a discovery as the ruins of Pompeii, the pyramids of Giza or the Acropolis. "The sanctuary is packed with artifacts, pottery, artwork and inscriptions, opening a new door to the ancient civilisations of southern Arabia," he said. Glanzman said his team could be finished with the excavation within 15 years.



NEW!-->View Multiple Recent Translations from Yemen. PRIVATE GLOBAL ARCHIVE Editor/ Viewzone.com Because of the huge amount of spam we receive, we must ask you to use myristicin@hotmail.com to reply or request additional iformation on this topic. Thank you.

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Discovery of Writing in Oklahoma, U.S.A.

This is a portion of the long petroglyph mural that was discovered just to the South of the Purgatory River in Colorado. The petroglyph was chalked by professor Weisendanger and his associates from Tulsa University in the 1940s, and then photographed in black and white from a large negative. The only surviving print is in the "No Man's Land Museum" in Goodwell, Oklahoma, pictured at the bottom of this page.

This section represents about five feet of a carefully executed narrative, reading from right to left, which runs about 80 feet in total length. Areas of the petroglyph were worn with age and water erosion and were not chalked. But what is enhanced is clear enough to translate, and the results are reproduced here for scrutiny.

One of the many curious observations that we have been able to make concerns the arrangement of multiple concentric circles. At first, we did not imagine these as ligatures. The arrangement has been shown to result in meaningful translations when taken as a double-Tsadeh ligature. Some examples of the concentric circle ligatures can be seen in these petroglyphs.

NTN = "give, allow, let..." (A)YL ="...the leader, ram..." L[horizontal]= preposition "to, for, of, from..." AR = "...light..." LN ="...to pray..."

The last LN segment appears to be part of a longer ligature; however, a section of uncarved rock breaks this ligature from the adjoining one while maintaining an illusion of design continuity.

BY = "...entreating, invoking..." AL ="EL (God)" SLS = "...the serpent..." LR ="to be attentive, to take notice..." L[horizontal]= preposition "to, for, of, from..." SN ="tongue, language..." V ="and" TsTs ="to appear, blossom, emerge..."

This could possibly be a reference or prohibition against using the name of the God, "El" or "Yah," in vain because it also allows the "serpent" to be invoked. More translations of the wall could provide some further explanation.

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Yemen: Sabaean Culture & History Links to Information & Resources Yemeni Script Translator - this has replaced the standard "old Negev" characters with a photograph of the actual letters as they appear in the artifacts at Bilqis. It is suggested that you attempt words of two and sometimes three letters, as this is the common format. Also, remember you will be reading the characters from right to left. This is still in the beta version so report any bugs to garyvey@viewzone.com



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    • 17** Loggia di Raffaello: 37 - 42 37 - Crossing the River Jordan - 322K small image - 46K. The people struck their tents to cross the Jordan, with the priests carrying the ark of the covenant ahead of them. No sooner had these priestly bearers of the ark waded into the waters at the edge...



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Yemen and Sabean Culture & Language

    • 20** Semitic Languages.. Many scholars believe that about 1000 BC four branches developed from the original Semitic alphabet: South Semitic, Canaanite, Aramaic, and Greek. (Other scholars, however, believe that South Semitic developed independently from North Semitic or that both developed from a common ancestor.) The South Semitic branch was the ancestor of the alphabets of extinct languages used in the Arabian Peninsula and in the modern languages of Ethiopia. Canaanite was subdivided into Early Hebrew and Phoenician, and the extremely important Aramaic branch became the basis of Semitic and non-Semitic scripts throughout western Asia. The non-Semitic group was the basis of the alphabets of nearly all Indian scripts; the Semitic subbranch includes Square Hebrew, which superseded Early Hebrew to become the prototype of the recently constructed Hebrew writing. Semitic Languages comprise one of the five subfamilies or branches of the Hamito-Semitic or Afro-Asiatic language family. Of the Semitic languages, Arabic was carried beyond its original home in the Arabian Peninsula and spread throughout the Arabian Empire and is spoken across North Africa to the Atlantic coast. Arabic is used by Muslim, Christian, and Jewish Arabs. The other Semitic languages are centered in a region bounded on the west by Ethiopia and on the north by Syria and extending southeast through Iraq and the Arab Peninsula, with some slands?of Semitic speech farther east in Iran. Linguistic Groups



    • 21**SABAEANS. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000 Select Search, ... The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000. Sabaeans see Sheba. The Columbia ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.bartleby.com]



    • 22** The Origin of Sin 3: The Lunar Passion and the Daughters ... ... kingdoms or states was the Moon-god known by various names: 'Ilumquh by the Sabaeans, 'Amm and 'Anbay by the Qatabanians, Wadd (love) by the Minaeans, and Sin ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.dhushara.com]



    • 23** Sabians ... Volume 5 Special Issue Online edition. Sabians, Sabaeans, or Sabeans. RESEARCH DONE BY AJAE COPYRIGHT 2000. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.geocities.com]



    • 24** Arabia, history of - Britannica.com ... ENCYCLOP鑪IA BRITANNICA. Arabia, history of Sabaeans . The people who called themselves Saba' (biblical Sheba) are both the earliest and the most abundantly ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.britannica.com]



    • 25** The Sources of Islam ... HOW FAR SOME OF THE DOCTRINES AND HISTORIES IN THE QUR'AN AND TRADITION WERE TAKEN FROM JEWISH COMMENTATORS, AND SOME RELIGIOUS CUSTOMS FROM THE SABAEANS. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.answering-islam.org]



    • 26** Aksum - Chs. 4-5. by Dr. Stuart Munro-Hay. ... stone building, writing and iron-working may have been introduced by Sabaeans, but words for `plough' and other agricultural vocabulary are apparently of Agaw ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from users.vnet.net]



    • 27** Pre-Islamic Arabic Culture ... groups. These two regions, the south and the north, were homes to two entirely separate Semitic peoples: the Sabaeans in the south and the Arabs in the north. ... [More results from www.wsu.edu]



    • 28** Pre-Islamic Arabia ... groups that modern scholars are accustomed to speak of Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites. The fourfold categorization does indeed correspond to ... --LINK HERE--



    • 29** Monotheistic Religion in Africa ... is generally understood that Sabians are the followers of the religion started by the followers of John the Baptist who did not accept Jesus (2) . Sabaeans are. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.bahai-library.org]



    • 30** histcorr ... The Sabians mentioned in the Holy Qur'an are not the same as the Sabaeans of southwest Arabia (discussed elsewhere in this file in connection with the Lemba of ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from meltingpot.fortunecity.com]



    • 31** Discoveries At Nineveh ... Mohammedans; and reverence the sun, and have many customs in common with the Sabaeans. All these ceremonies and observances may indeed have had a common origin ... --LINK HERE-- **32** Ref. ... who said, 'Your cattle were plowing and the she-asses were grazing nearby; and the Sabaeans swept down and drove them all away and put the shepherd boys to the ... [More results from ccat.sas.upenn.edu]



    • 33** Probert Encyclopaedia: People and Peoples (Sa-Sh) ... de Cervantes was a Spanish writer. He was born in 1547 at Acala de Henares and died in 1616. He was the author of the book Don Quixote de la Mancha. Sabaeans. ... [More results from www.probert-encyclopaedia.com]



    • 34** A Resource Guide for Baha'i Studies--bibliography ... There are, historically, two distinct groups of people known as Sabaeans. One is the Sabaeans of Harr嫕, a "pagan" sect which flourished in the early times of ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www2.h-net.msu.edu]



    • 35** Glossary of Terms specifically words starting with the ... ... of the destruction of the great Ma'rib Dam. The surah goes on to stress that Muhammad has been sent as a herald (bashir) and a warner (nadhir). (See Sabaeans.). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamic-paths.org]



    • 36** The Johan Ortiz Website - Discoveries at Nineveh(English) ... Mohammedans; and reverence the sun, and have many customs in common with the Sabaeans. All these ceremonies and observances may indeed have had a common origin ... --LINK HERE--



    • 37** Discoveries At Nineveh - Austen Henry Layard - Devil and ... ... Mohammedans; and reverence the sun, and have many customs in common with the Sabaeans. All these ceremonies and observances may indeed have had a common origin ... --LINK HERE--



    • 38** 34. Sabaa ... takes its name from verse 15 in which the word Saba has occurred which implies that it is the Sura in which mention has been made of Saba (ie the Sabaeans). ... --LINK HERE--



    • 39** Messages given to the seven major world religions ... Message given to the Sabaeans - the first major religion. The following message is addressed to the first major world religion that God sent to our planet, the ... --LINK HERE--



    • 40** NET Bible: Job ... The oxen were plowing 59 and the donkeys grazing beside them, 1:15 and the Sabaeans 60 swooped down 61 and carried them all away, and they killed 62 the ... [More results from www.bible.org]



    • 41** 1840: Layard Returns to Mosul ... Mohammedans; and reverence the sun, and have many customs in common with the Sabaeans. All these ceremonies and observances may indeed have had a common origin ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.atour.com]



    • 42** PERISHED NATIONS - Harun Yahya ... The Sabaeans are known to have been a civilised people in history. In the inscriptions of the rulers of Saba, words such as "restore", "dedicate" and "construct ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.harunyahya.org]



    • 43** Ancient History Sourcebook: Ancient Accounts of Arabia, 430BCE ... ... Red Sea, whose largest city is Carna or Carnana. Next to these are the Sabaeans, whose chief city is Mariaba [Yemen proper, about the capital San'a]< The third ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.fordham.edu]



    • 44** Queen of Sheba ... a wealthy country, advanced in irrigation techniques and hydraulic power. Its people, the Sabaeans, built dams as high as 60 feet and large earthen wells which ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ancientsites.com]



    • 45** mail138 ... or person dedicated to the service of their religion: Christians, Jews or Sabaeans. Do not sacrilege nor destroy sacred objects, livestock, orchards or crops ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ndirect.co.uk]



    • 46** Writing on the wall. The Tree of Life. DNA. Genetic ... ... whether it be of those who believe, or those who are Jews or Christians or Sabaeans, whosoever believe in God and the last day and act aright, they have their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.mistral.co.uk]



    • 47** Electronic Antiquities Volume I, Number 5 ... In the first century AD Azania was under the control of the Sabaeans and Homerites, who were ruled by Charibael (PME 31; in Arabic the name means 'blessed by ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from scholar.lib.vt.edu]



    • 48** History ... skins, and gold from East Africa. To secure their trade monopoly , the Sabaeans kept the origin of their riches a secret , perhaps inventing for themselves the ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.yemenembassy-ethiopia.org]



    • 49** Message Board ... of Kataba, destroyed and replaced the Minaean kingdom. As early as BC1500 the Sabaeans are mentioned on a Minaean inscription as nomads who raided the caravan ... [More results from www.clansandnames.org]



    • 50** The Virtual Pomegranate ... Mr Frew has correctly referred to the group known as the Sabi'ah (Sabaeans) whose exact identity or qualification remains wide open to scholarship. The Qur'an ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.interchange.ubc.ca]



    • 51** "Pages of Medieval Mideastern History" by Eloise Hart ... identical pattern in the teachings, conduct and dedication of the Sufis, Druzes, Sabaeans, Assassins, and the Brethren of Purity. Of these, the Sufis have ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.theosophy-nw.org]



    • 52** Qur'an English Translation Comparison - Islamic Bookstore . ... ... is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doth right - surely ... [More results from www.islamicbookstore.com]



\ **53** Sheba, queen of ... Sheba, queen of, queen of great beauty, mentioned in Bible (I Kings, x); frequently regarded as ruler of Sabaeans in s. Arabia, the present Republic of Yemen: ... --LINK HERE--\ [More results from www.comptons.com]



\ **54** YEMEN ARAB REPUBLIC ... the classical Arabia Felix (Happy Arabia). Before the Christian era Minaeans, Sabaeans (see SHEBA), and Himyarites successively held sway in the region, their ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.fwkc.com]



    • 55** Rasa'il Ikhwan as-Safa ... identical pattern in the teachings, conduct and dedication of the Sufis, Druzes, Sabaeans, Assassins, and the Brethren of Purity. Of these, the Sufis have ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.amaan.com]



    • 56** TREASURY OF DAVID ... tribute to the Great King. It is an Arab proverb, "divided as the Sabaeans, "but Christ makes them one. "The Greek geographers usually couple Abyssinia with ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from grace-for-today.com]



    • 57** --LINK HERE-- ... identical pattern in the teachings, conduct and dedication of the Sufis, Druzes, Sabaeans, Assassins, and the Brethren of Purity. Of these, the Sufis have ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.theosociety.org]



    • 58** Copts in Egypt and Abroad ... Lo! those who believe (this revolution) and those who are Jews, and the Sabaeans and the Christians and the Magians and the idolaters- Lo! Allah will decide ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.sis.gov.eg]



    • 59** Surah al-Baqarah ... Truly those who believe and those Judaised and the Christians and the Sabaeans whoever believes in Allah and the last day and acts righteously, for them is ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.imam-shirazi.org]



    • 60** The NEXUS: Historical Chronology - 10,000 BC to 601 BC ... Egypt & Asia Minor, married Pharaoh's daughter, spice trade with Queen of Sheba (Sabaeans?), sea route from Ezion-geber on Red Sea to Ophir Africa, mines. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.fortunecity.com]



    • 61** --LINK HERE-- ... Syria and the Euphrates (1:17), and in another direction to attacks from the Sabaeans (1:15). The most prominent man among his friends was from Teman, which ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.highlandsumc.net]



    • 62** The Sources Of Islam ... PRAYER. The now extinct tribe of the Sabaeans who lived in the Arabian Peninsula observed seven daily prayers at appointed times. Mohammed appointed five of ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.crucified.freeserve.co.uk]



    • 63** Visitor Questions and Comments ... the Muslim Qu'ran we are told that 'God will have mercy upon Sabaeans (Arabic word for Mandaeans), and all other monotheists' (Christians and Jews). Were you ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.iraqfoundation.org]



    • 64** "Pages of Medieval Mideastern History" by Eloise Hart ... identical pattern in the teachings,conduct and dedication of the Sufis, Druzes, Sabaeans, Assassins,and the Brethren of Purity. Of these, the Sufis have since ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ismaili.net]



    • 65** Worship in NaijaMall ... or person dedicated to the service of their religion: Christians, Jews or Sabaeans. Do not sacrilege nor destroy sacred objects, livestock, orchards or crops ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from naijamall.com]



    • 66** Roger Bacon's Opus Maius ... in Isaiah [45.14], "the labor of Egypt, the merchandise of Egypt and the Sabaeans," and Jerome, in book 13 [of his Commentary on Isaiah], tells us that "there ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from feature.geography.wisc.edu]



    • 67** ArabNet -- Iraq, Overview ... Minority ethnic groups include Jazirah Bedouins in the northern areas, Turkomans, Sabaeans, Jews, Yazidis, mostly in rural areas. Also, around 2.5 million ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.arab.net]



    • 66** History ... 000 inhabitants and was counted among the wonders of the ancient world. The Sabaeans were not only great builders and technicians, but also successful traders ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.y.net.ye]



    • 67** About Yemen ... The chief incense traders were the Minaeans, who established their capital Karna (now known as Sadah), before they were superseded by the Sabaeans in 950 BC. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.yemenia.com.ye]



    • 68** Syed Maududi's Commentary for Surah #34 ... takes its name from verse 15 in which the word Saba has occurred, which implies that it is the Surah in which mention has been made of Saba (ie the Sabaeans). ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.usc.edu]



    • 69** SABIAN: ORIGIN OF THE WORD ... by. Diana E. Roche. 3250 BCE. Sumerians. It is the Sumerians, "Sabaeans," who Dr. Marc Edmund Jones identified as the fifth sub-race of the Atlantean root race. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.sabian.org]



    • 70** Reply to Morey's Moon-god Myth ... The state god of the Minaeans was Wadd, that of the Katabanians 'Amm, that of the Hadramis Sin, and of the Sabaeans Il Mukah. All were the moon. (Coon, p.399). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamic-awareness.org]



    • 71** HOS: Islam ... the Greek sciences, particularly the Pythagorean school, through the community of Sabaeans of Harran. This religious community traced its origin to the Prophet ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.rit.edu]



    • 72** Bahrain Throught The Ages V.1 ... the greatest financiers of eastern Arabia and used to compete with the Sabaeans. They and their competitors from among the Sabaeans were the richest people of ... [More results from www.bahrain.gov.bh]



    • 73** History ... their capital at Karna (now known as Sadah), before they were superseded by the Sabaeans in 950 BC. The Sabaean capital was Ma'rib, where a large temple was ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.yemenweb.com]



    • 74** Tolerance in Islam ... Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, and the Christians, and those Sabaeans, whoso believes in God and the Last Day, and works righteousness their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.debate.domini.org]



    • 75** Samanid Renaissance and Establishment of Tajik Identity ... to discover that, in the eyes of the Arabs, the non-Arab Muslims--Sabaeans, Romans, and Iranians--ranked slightly higher than slaves. Called the Mawali, these ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.angelfire.com]



    • 76** --LINK HERE-- ... of Egypt," says the prophet Isaiah, "and the merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabaeans, men of stature, shall come over to thee and shall be thy servants ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.newadvent.org]



    • 77** 8095 ... sometimes pieces of bark remained in it. The whole range, they said, belongs to Sabaeans; for it is under their sway, and they are honest in their dealings ... [More results from sarasvati.simplenet.com]



    • 78** ICB Revelation in Islam, Hamza ... Most Merciful "Surely those who believe, those of Jewry, the Christians, and the Sabaeans ? whoever has faith in God and the Last Day, and works righteousness ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www7.bev.net]



    • 79** Previous Articles ... an recognizes them as a "People of the Book," (and refers to them "Sabaeans"; not related to the Sabaeans of Yemen) as the Mandaeans fulfill the requirements ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ineas.org]



    • 80** Saddam Hussein ... Minority ethnic groups include Jazirah Bedouins in the northern areas, Turkomans, Sabaeans, Jews, Yazidis, mostly in rural areas. Also, around 2.5 million ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.oaktree.net]



    • 81** Queen of Sheba 8 ... goddess of Moab; and Milcom and Molech, goddesses of the Ammonites. He also honored Astarte, who was worshipped by many cultures, including the Sabaeans. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from pages.ancientsites.com]



    • 82** Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series II, Vol. XI ... of Egypt," says the prophet Isaiah, "and the merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabaeans, men of stature, shall come over to thee and shall be thy servants ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ccel.org]



    • 83** Ch 5 Marriage ... of Sheba came from a section of this region called Saba. The people of this civilization were known as the Sabaeans, Minaeans, Qatabaneans and Hadramauteans. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from gfisher.org]



    • 84** An Introduction to 'Ilm al-Kalam ... of various religions, such as, the Jews, the Christians, the Magians, and the Sabaeans, and the ensuing religious debates and disputes between the Muslims and ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from al-islam1.org]



    • 85** WSN sorted by : AXIAL AGE WORLD SYSTEM ... source of the frankincense. The crushing defeat of the Awsanian Kingdom by the Sabaeans in the 1st half of the 7th century with the consequent reacquisition of ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from csf.colorado.edu]



    • 86** QUALITIES OF THE PIOUS ... Believers, Jews, Christians, and Sabaeans-whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does what is right-shall have their reward with their Lord; they have ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islam-usa.com]



    • 87** Scarborough Reef (BS7) ... 000 inhabitants and was counted among the wonders of the ancient world. The Sabaeans were not only great builders and technicians, but also successful traders ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.dxer.org]



    • 88** Comparative Religion-Moon Myth God ... The state god of the Minaeans was Wadd, that of the Katabanians `Amm, that of the Hadramis Sin, and of the Sabaeans Il Mukah. All were the moon (Coon, p. 399). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islaminfo.com]



    • 89** The Radiance That Shone Forth in The Darkness ... Ibrahim had started his campaign against star-worship, was the center of the Sabaeans. In this town, stars were the object of veneration. Belief in the stars ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.irib.com]



    • 90** Introduction to Surah #34 by Syed A'la Maududi ... takes its name from verse 15 in which the word Saba has occurred, which implies that it is the Surah in which mention has been made of Saba (ie the Sabaeans). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from isgkc.org]



    • 91** Reply to Dr. Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth and Other ... ... The state god of the Minaeans was Wadd, that of the Katabanians 'Amm, that of the Hadramis Sin, and of the Sabaeans Il Mukah. All were the moon. (Coon, p.399). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from thetruereligion.org]



    • 92** Asian Synod: Ninth General Congregation ... witness of Jesus Christ, as the only Savior of the world, and of His mission of Love and Service, through dialogue with the Muslims, Sabaeans and Yazidis. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.zenit.org]



    • 93** History Today: Aden's pipe dream.(restoration of ancient water ... ... dam of Marib which was built in the eastern deserts of Yemen by the Sabaeans around 700 BC. There are many other examples of cisterns and reservoirs in Yemen ... [More results from www.findarticles.com]



    • 94** Marib ... with two gates, one in the west and the other in the east The Sabaeans rebuilt the wall after they had conquered the city 450 BC. Baraquish (ancient name Yathul ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.yemennet.com]



    • 95** Islamic Cultural Centre Oslo - Norway ... takes its name from verse 15 in which the word Saba has occurred, which implies that it is the Surah in which mention has been made of Saba (ie the Sabaeans). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamic.no]



    • 96** Reply to Morey's Moon-god Myth ... The state god of the Minaeans was Wadd, that of the Katabanians 'Amm, that of the Hadramis Sin, and of the Sabaeans Il Mukah. All were the moon (Coon, p.399). ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www-hrem.msm.cam.ac.uk]



    • 97** Iraq ... Minority ethnic groups include Jazirah Bedouins in the northern areas, Turkomans, Sabaeans, Jews, Yazidis, mostly in rural areas. Also, around 2.5 million ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from gwis2.circ.gwu.edu]



    • 98** FINAL WARNING: Chapter Eleven ... This was the traditional kingdom of the Queen of Sheba who ruled over the Sabaeans(who dominated all of southern Arabia), and was labeled in Matthew 12:42 as ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from members.tripod.com]



    • 99** Art20814 ... Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, and the Christians, and those Sabaeans, whoso believes in God and the Last Day, and works righteousness their ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.pragna.org]



    • 100** Christians, Jews and Muslims, Coming to Know One Another, ... ... Quran attaches much reverence to the revealed religions. It says: Believers, Jews, Sabaeans and Christians - whoever believes in God and the Last Day and does ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.kuftaro.org]



    • 102** Gertrude Bell letters test template ... is secret and I believe the learned consider them to be a remnant of the Sabaeans who were, if I remember rightly, supposed to be followers of John the Baptist ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.gerty.ncl.ac.uk]



    • 103** www.nidanet.com,islam,quran,prophet,ahl albayt,shia ... Ibrahim had started his campaign against star-worship, was the center of the Sabaeans. In this town, stars were the object of veneration. Belief in the stars ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.nidanet.com]



    • 104** Classics Log 9707d - Message Number 92 ... of arcs in dam construction in southern arabia or ancient Sheba or by the Sabaeans- which ever name people prefer? Could both the sabaeans and the babyloninas ... --LINK HERE--[More results from omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu]



--LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- ... Quran attaches much reverence to the revealed religions. It says: Believers, Jews, Sabaeans and Christians - whoever believes in God and the Last Day and does ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamiccall.com]



    • 105** Before the Mission: ... Ibrahim had started his campaign against star-worship, was the center of the Sabaeans. In this town, stars were the object of veneration. Belief in the stars ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.neda.net]



    • 106** Soc.Religion.Bahai 09/1998-10/1998: FYI: Buddhism/Baha'i ... Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the religion of the Sabaeans. These religions are not the only true religions that have ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.bcca.org]



    • 107** Chapter L: Description Of Arabia And Its Inhabitants ... the Greek historian Diodorus ^45 has remarked, between the Thamudites and the Sabaeans, a famous temple, whose superior sanctity was revered by all the Arabians ...

"Chapter L: Description Of Arabia And Its Inhabitants ... the Greek historian Diodorus 45 has remarked, between the Thamudites and the Sabaeans, a famous temple, whose superior sanctity was revered by all the Arabians ... "[More results from www.pei-intl.com] [More results from www.pei-intl.com]



    • 108** Reder's Opinion - News From Bangladesh ... The state god of the Minaeans was Wadd, that of the Katabanians 'Amm, that of the Hadramis Sin, and of the Sabaeans Il Mukah. All were the moon. (Coon, p.399). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.bangladesh-web.com]



    • 109** HERE'S YOUR ANSWER TO [Re: Future DAI] ... this: [Quran 5:69] Lo! those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabaeans, and Christians - Whosoever believeth in God and the Last Day and doeth right ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.dawoodi-bohras.com]



    • 110** Indices, Greek Mythology Link. ... Rhodope. Rhoeteum. Rhyndacus. Rhytium. Rome. Romans. Rutuli or Rutulians. Sabaeans. Sabeiroi. Sabines. Sacai. Salamis. Salaminians. Salangon Salmacis. Salmonia ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.hsa.brown.edu]



    • 111** The Coins and History of Asia ... near east. arabia Nabataeans, Minaeans, Arabia Felix, Katabanians, Sabaeans, and Himyarites 18 coins judaean kingdom 13 coins phoenicia 9 coins kings of ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.grifterrec.com]



    • 112** Eratosthenes ... proposed by Eratosthenes, but today the names for the races proposed by Eratosthenes, namely Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites, are still used. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk]



    • 113** Labyrinths - Part2 ... a general South Arabian alphabet which was used by various peoples, including the Sabaeans. Actually, there is some information on this in [Jens], p.337. There ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www-swiss.ai.mit.edu]



    • 114** --LINK HERE-- ... Arabia 15.2.1.6 Rabbel with Gamilath, Kings of Nabathaea, Arabia 15.2.2 Sabaeans, Arabia 15.2.3 Himyarites, Arabia 15.2.4 Arabia Petraea, Arabia 15.2.4.1 Adraa ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.cs.princeton.edu]



    • 115** Last Page - Issue 47 - Yemen Times ... mentioning the god Almaqah of Barlan. Almaqah was the patron god of the Sabaeans. Most probably the temple was built during the 10th century BC. The temple ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.yementimes.com]



    • 116** Lapis: Annals of the Invisible College - Joscelyn Godwin ... for it, though sometimes a grudging one. It entered Islam thanks to the Sabaeans of Harran (in Turkey, near the Syrian border), center of an ancient copper ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.opencenter.org]



    • 117** Conference Reports ... to early written sources; A. Korotayev (Moscow), Individual and collective concerns of the Sabaeans in the 1st-4th centuries AD I. Gajda (Aix-en-Provence), A ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from users.ox.ac.uk]



    • 118** Kinasi - Mafia Island ... may be the fabled Menouthias. The trade links to Mocha confirm that the Sabaeans, ancestors of the Yemenis, claimed ancient right to overlordship of the Azania ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.mafiaisland.com]



    • 119** Anti-Slavery Response from Michael Heilprin ... destroyed ten of the twelve tribes of Semitic Israel. There is Sheba, or the Sabaeans, the masters of the gold and spice region of Arabia Felix, whose queen ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from jewish-history.com]



    • 120** Introduction to Islam ... says: "...Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.iad.org]



    • 121** Rambam Prophecy ... the Greek city-states), or the ecstatic oracles of the pagan religions (the Sabaeans). The ethos of such moral systems is either imperfectly rational, since ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.meru.org]



    • 122** Yemen Trips - Adventure Tours by - FTI YEMEN ... Wadi Yashbum. The villages here were established in the third century when the Sabaeans of Marib drove out the inhabitants of the trading city of Shabwa. From ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ftiyemen.com]



    • 123** SHI ... Isma'ilis have a philosophy in many ways similar to that of the Sabaeans (star worshippers) combined with elements of Hindu gnosis. In the sciences and decrees ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www2.mozcom.com]



    • 124** Map of Ancient Africa ... migrating from the Sahara and Semitic speaking people from southern Arabia (the Sabaeans) settled in the area known as the Abysinian Plateau around 500 BCE and ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.lib.ohio-state.edu]



    • 125** Alzahra Tours, Yemen: places of interest ... the capital of the kingdom of Saba for 800 years. >From their capital, the Sabaeans controlled the caravan routes and their mukaribbes can be dated back to the ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.al-bab.com]



    • 126** RFE/RL iraq Report ... the deportation of the 158 Mandaean [The Mandaeans are also referred to as "Sabaeans"] refugees from Indonesia to Iraq. They were arrested in the process of ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.rferl.org]P



    • 127** The Deeds of the Divine Augustus ... to Meroe. In Arabia the army advanced as far as Mariba on the borders of the Sabaeans. 27.1: I added Egypt to the empire of the Roman people. (2) When I might ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.umich.edu]



    • 128** Res Gestae, U. of Sask. ... our army went through to the place nearest to Meroe; into Arabia so far within the borders of the Sabaeans proceeded the army as to the town of Mariba. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.usask.ca]



    • 129** The Qur'an ... Whoever believes, whether they are Jews or Christians or Sabaeans, whoever believes in God and the last day and acts righteously, they have their reward at ... [More results from www.wsu.edu]



    • 130** Empire of Augustus and Tiberius by Sanderson Beck ... in Illyricum, Macedonia, and Africa. A military campaign in 26 BC against the Sabaeans secured the sea trade to Somalia and India. Much of Asia Minor was ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.san.beck.org]



    • 131** Apocalypse 4 ... the oecumene, non-Muslim devotees such as Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians and Sabaeans, were given three choices: pay the business and head taxes, leave the ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.bci.org]




    • 132** The Internet Classics Archive | The Aeneid by Virgil ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE--[More results from classics.mit.edu]



    • 133** The Fountain Magazine Common Ground Between Islam and ... ... Muslims who agree with this view cite the Qurn (2:62): elievers, Jews, Sabaeans, or Christians?whoever believes in God and the Last Day and does what ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.fountainlink.com]



    • 134** Beconvinced.com ... ...[Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and act ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.beconvinced.com]



    • 135** nubian ... migrating from the Sahara and Semitic speaking people from southern Arabia (the Sabaeans) settled in the area known as the Abyssinian Plateau around 500 BC and ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.freemaninstitute.com]



    • 136** The Origin of the Cult of St. Christopher ... the emperor Constantius II (337-61) sent him on a long missionary voyage to the Sabaeans and Homeritae in the Arabian peninsula, to his home island of Diva and ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.ucc.ie]



    • 137** Yemen ... advanced Qataban and Hadramawt kingdoms. c. 5th century BC: Qataban fell to the Sabaeans (Shebans) of North Yemen (Sana). c. 100 BC AD 525: All of Yemen became ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from ebooks.whsmithonline.co.uk]



    • 138** SACRED SCIENCE INSTITUTE--Metaphysical & Scientific Reprints ... of 3 Times 3, the 9th Power, or the Cube Cubed; First Pyramids Erected by Sabaeans; Age of Pyramid; All Science Centered In Hierarchy; Relative Magnitude of Sun ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.sacredscience.com]



    • 139** EAWC Anthology: The Aeneid, Book 8 ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from eawc.evansville.edu]



    • 140** ILTweb: Digtial Classics: Virgil: Aeneid: Book Eight ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ilt.columbia.edu]



    • 141** about_us.gif ... is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans, whoever believeth in God and the Last Day and do right surely their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.cie.org]



    • 142** Ch. 8, Vol. 2, of COMMERCE OF THE PRAIRIES by Josiah Gregg ... in men, by fraternizing with the little prairie dogs and wild colts, and the still wilder Indians ?the unconquered Sabaeans of the Great American Deserts. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ukans.edu]



    • 143** The Origins of the Koran ... Some of the Doctrines and Histories in the Koran and Tradition were taken from Jewish Commentators, and Some Religious customs from the Sabaeans (pp. 236-257). ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from debate.org.uk]



    • 144** Arsh Bilqis, Temple of History ... Almaqah was the patron god of the Sabaeans. Most probably the temple was built during the 10th century BC. The temple fell into neglect throughout history ... [More results from www.middleeastwire.com]



    • 145** Yemen Travel log ... one of the early alphabets. Next the ancient dam, which was the source of the Sabaeans' wealth and made the Queen rich as well as famous. All that is standing ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from squierj.freeyellow.com]



    • 146** KryssTal : Readers' Feedback (Language Families) ... Race (Afro-Asiatics): 1) Cush ----- Nubians (Ethiopians) 2) Seba ----- Sabaeans 3) Havilah -- Havilahites 4) Sabtah --- Sabtahites 5) Raamah --- Raamahites 6 ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.krysstal.com]



    • 147** Augustus' Res Gestae ... our army went through--to the place nearest to Meroe; into Arabia so far within the borders of the Sabaeans proceeded the army as to the town of Mariba. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from library.thinkquest.org]



    • 148** Mandaean Web Site ... washers'. Again this is a description of the baptismal practice. 3. Sabeans or Sabaeans - this is a tribe in Yemen or Arabia. The application to the Mandaeans ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from homepages.tig.com.au]



    • 149** Severus of Al-Ushmanain: PATRIARCH DEMETRIUS ... he says that he was a philosopher, and had read the books of the Sabaeans and of the schismatics. Subsequently he contracted a friendship with Origen, and led ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.ocf.org]



    • 150** The Pre-Adamite Age ... They [the Sabaeans say that Adam was born from male and female, just like the rest of mankind, but they honored him greatly, and said that he had come from ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.varchive.org]



    • 151** Shi'a - Part 1 - The Historical Background of Shi'ism ... Isma'ilis have a philosophy in many ways similar to that of the Sabaeans (star worshippers) combined with elements of Hindu gnosis. In the sciences and decrees ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ummah.org.uk]



    • 152** Yemen History ... the Nile Valley. Apparently this same route was later used by the Sabaeans when they established their capital, Axum, in the northwestern Abyssinia during the ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.mowj.com]



    • 153** BibleInfo.com: - What does the Bible say about Muslims/Islam ... ... The oxen were ploughing and the asses were grazing near them, when the Sabaeans swooped down and carried them off, after putting the herdsmen to the sword; and ... [More results from www.bibleinfo.com]



    • 154** Lies against the Quran-Abrogation, the Biggest lie against ... ... Abrogated. "Surely those who believe, and the Jews, and the Christians and the Sabaeans, those among them who believe in God and the hereafter, and who works ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.submission.org]



    • 155** Linguistics: A quick guide to Semitic languages and people ... was based on the Gnostic doctrine of Antiquity. The Mandaeans, also known by the Arabic name of bi'n (Sabaeans), 'Baptists', live d in southern Iraq and. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from phoenicia.org]



    • 156** The People of Ad and Ubar, the Atlantis of the Sands ... who are named Fortunate Arabs by the Greeks. These are the Hadramites, Sabaeans, Minaeans and Qatabaeans. These four peoples reigned for a while together in ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from islam.org]



    • 157** Introduction to Ismailism ... Those who became Faithful and who follow Moses and the Sabaeans and Christians, all those who believe in God and the Last Day and who did right, there is no ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from globale.net]



    • 158** There are grammar mistakes in the Qur'an! ... First Error. In 5:69 "Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, and the Sabaeans, and the Christians, whosoever believes in God and the Last Day, and works ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamic.org.uk]



    • 159** NCCB/USCC - Department of Education ... is revealed to you, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans and whoever believe in God and the Last Day and who practice righteousness ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.nccbuscc.org]



    • 160** Response to Grammatical errors in the Qur'an ... believes in God and the Last Day, and works righteousness, no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow, and the Sabaeans, and the Christians LIKEWISE.". ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www2.ios.com]



    • 161** Modern Chronology of Mahram Bilqis, Yemen ... about 7th-6thcentury BC Sabaeans colonize part of Ethiopia. 539 BC City of Babylon falls to the Persians. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ucalgary.ca]



    • 162** --LINK HERE-->/a> ... Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, &Islam, and the religion of the Sabaeans. These religions are not the only true religions that have ... [More results from www.sacred-texts.com]



    • 163** ... green patina with earthen hilighting. Much scarcer than the usual conjoined bust type. 6 SABAEANS, Sil Drachm, c.200 BC, Athena hd r, X on cheek/Owl, S6112 ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.albany.net]



    • 164** Islam ... does not have a different sacramental status from the laity. Jews, Christians and Sabaeans are referred to as 'People of the Book'; this meant that they are ... --LINK HERE--[More results from philtar.ucsm.ac.uk]



    • 165** Ancient Nubia ... migrating from the Sahara and Semitic speaking people from southern Arabia (the Sabaeans) settled in the area known as the Abyssinian Plateau around 500 BC and ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.returntoglory.org]



    • 166** The Nations of Ham ... 3. Sebah: He founded the nation that was known to later history as the Sabaeans. Strabo writes of their city of Sabai along with its harbour of Saba (same ... --LINK HERE--[More results from ldolphin.org]



    • 167** Tertullian: Against Praxeas ... the sceptre's royal power. Accordingly, Isaiah also says to the Person of Christ: "The Sabaeans, men of stature, shall pass over to You; and they shall follow ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.webcom.com]



    • 168** Res Gestae Divi Augusti: "The Achievements of the Divine ... ... was penetrated as far as the town of Nabata, which adjoins Meroe; in Arabia the army advanced into the territory of the Sabaeans to the town of Mariba. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.skidmore.edu]



    • 169** Selected Quotes from the Koran ... righteous men; but many of them do nothing but evil. 5:67 Believers, Jews, Sabaeans, or Christians - whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does what ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.ubfellowship.org]



    • 170** PART TWO: THE LINEAGE OF HAM ... (18) Sebah. He founded the nation that was known to later history as the Sabaeans, Strubo writes of their chief town of Sabai and its harbour of Saba, both of ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.biblebelievers.org.au]



    • 171** The People of the Book ... 2:62 Lo! Those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely their ... --LINK HERE--[More results from firmanallah.iinet.net.au]



    • 172** EA Poe Society of Baltimore ... in the Southern part of Arabia Felix, and that the people were called Sabaeans. These lines of Claudian relate to the people and queen, Medis, levibusque ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.eapoe.org]



    • 173** AN APPEAL TO THE PUBLISHERS OF THE QURAN ... is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right surely their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.mostmerciful.com]



    • 174** Greatest emporium in the world ... southern Arabia by land.[26]This land onslaught caused considerable damage to the Sabaeans as far as Ma ereb, but did not entirely cripple the commercial ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.unesco.org]



    • 175** History of the Kaabah ... The Sabaeans of Persia and Chaledonia counted it as one of their seven holy sanctuaries [The seven sanctuaries were: (1 ) The Ka'bah; (2) Mars - on the summit ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.almizan.org]



    • 176** A to Z of Islam ... ...[Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and act ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.islamzine.com]



    • 177** [More results from www.vt.edu]



    • 178** statement ... to what extent the effect these ancient empires (ie the Minaeans and the Sabaeans of southern arabia, otherwise Yemen) had on arab heritage and on other arab ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from arab-heritage.com]



    • 179** All the Host of Heaven ... a naval host), the sky is the "Upper Ocean" in the doctrine of the Chaldean Sabaeans. In this case though Sabaoth is the Gnostic Archon and ruler of the fifth ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.mazzaroth.com]



    • 180** The Cairo Times Issue Archive ... area? Issue 17 -- Endangered wildlife * Iraqi Sabaeans * Medieval doors * Ganzouri's fall. Issue ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.cairotimes.com]



    • 181** [More results from biblestudy.churches.net]



    • 182** Adherents.com: By Location ... of their preservation of legends about John, members call themselves Sabians ('Baptists'), perhaps because a sect of Sabaeans is tolerated in the Quran. ". ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.adherents.com]



    • 183** A REBIRTH FOR CHRISTIANITY ... the Elkasites, the Therapeutae, the Ebionites, Ophites, Mithraites, Sabaeans, Manichaeans, Orphics, Hermeticists, Mystery cultists, Hellenists and others. Yet ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from euser.net]



    • 184** New Page 1 ... says: "...Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.noruae.net]



    • 185** Gambara Honore de Balzac ... idea of a despotic government, and from the religion of the shepherd tribes or Sabaeans the spirit of expansion which created the splendid empire of the Khalifs ... --LINK HERE--[More results from jollyroger.com]



    • 186** The Aeneid -- Chapter 8 ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.litrix.com]



    • 187** Bibliography Page 25 ... Abstract: Covers the Parthians, Sasanians, Celts, Islam, Axumites, Sabaeans, Himyarites, Goths, etc. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.parthia.com]



< **188** [More results from www2.cddc.vt.edu]



    • 189** multifaith dialogue ... who believe, and those who follow the Jewish [Scriptures, and the Christians, and the Sabaeans whoever believes in God and the Last Day and does what is right ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.crescentlife.com]



    • 190** Surah Baqarah - Comparison - Section 8 ... is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.qurantoday.com]



    • 191** Quaran ... whether it be of those who believe, or those who are Jews or Christians or Sabaeans, whosoever believe in God and the last day and act aright, they have their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.philosophy.ru]



    • 192** Met Timeline | Arabian Peninsula, 1000 BC 1 AD ... ca. 7th 5th century BC The Sabaeans monopolize the trade in frankincense and myrrh from their capital, situated on one of the principal caravan routes linking ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.metmuseum.org]



    • 193** [More results from packetstorm.securify.com]



    • 194** AHL-i ALLAH: The Eternal Prophet ... of the Primordial Law or Taurat. That is why those of the Hebrew faith, Sabaeans/Mandaeans and Christians are referred to as "People of the Book;" precisely ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.peopleofallah.org]



    • 195** killer essays ... states that, hose who believe, and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans-whoever believeth in Allah, and the Last Day doeth right- surely their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.thevoice.student.kuleuven.ac.be]



    • 197** Shoghi Effendi, Directives from the Guardian, pgs. 51-55 ... Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Isl嫥, and the religion of the Sabaeans. These religions are not the only true religions that have ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.bahai.com]



    • 198** RisMarr32. ... they believe." (2:221) Al-Fakhani said that this includes the Magians and Sabaeans who are the people who deviated from Judaism and Christianity and worshipped ... --LINK HERE--[More results from ourworld.compuserve.com]



    • 199** [More results from www.islam101.com]



    • 200** General Books ... Hardbound; 197 pages illustrated throughout with coin photos. Covers the Parthians, Sasanians, Celts, Islam, Axumites, Sabaeans, Himyarites, Goths, etc. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.12caesars.com]



    • 201** ... was penetrated as far as the town of Napata, which is next to Meroe; in Arabia the army advanced into the territory of the Sabaeans to the town of Mariba. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.icg.fas.harvard.edu]



    • 202** Introduction to Islam ... God says: "...Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamtoday.com]



    • 203** Islam ... Believers, Jews, Sabaeans, and Christians - whoever believes in God and the Last Day and does what is right - shall have nothing to fear or to regret. - The ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.wmgleaners.org]



    • 204** BAITU-SALAAM (MSA) Muslim Student Association @ Loyola ... ... is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.luc.edu]



    • 205** Religion ... is revealed unto you, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians and Sabaeans whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does right surely their ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.pakistanlink.com]



    • 206** ANOTHER JEWISH PROBLEM by Revilo Oliver ... males of the mongrel breed that had been produced by the mingling of Semitic Sabaeans with the Hamitic and Negroid hybrids of what had been Nubia. Comparable ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.stormfront.org]



    • 207** Encyclopedia.com - Results for Sheba ... Yemen and the Hadhramaut; it was also called Saba. Its inhabitants, Sabaeans or Sabeans, established an ancient culture there, as shown by inscriptions in a ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.encyclopedia.com]



    • 208** Mountain of the Ark ... of September to witness a gathering of Muslims (both Sunnis and Shias), Sabaeans, Jews and the Satan-worshipping Yezidis for a great annual religious festival ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.nunki.net]



    • 209** Rosenblum Rare Coins ... male head right, within legend. SGI-5717. Choice VF $60 * 242 SOUTH ARABIA, Sabaeans & Himyarites, Imitation of Athens. c. 3rd Cent BC . AR Drachm (4.73). Head ... --LINK HERE--l[More results from www.rosenblumcoins.com]



    • 210** THE ROAD OF UNFORGETTABLE ADVENTURES ... Wadi Yashbum. The villages here were established in the third century when the Sabaeans of Marib drove out the inhabitants of the trading city of Shabwa. From ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.silkroadtours.com]



    • 211** The Koran (translated by EH Palmer) ... whether it be of those who believe, or those who are Jews or Christians or Sabaeans, whosoever believe in God and the last day and act aright, they have their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.triton.cc.il.us]



    • 212** Quraan.com ... Lo! those who believe (this revelation), and those who are Jews, and the Sabaeans and the Christians and the Magians and the idolaters - Lo! Allah will decide ... [More results from www.quraan.com]



    • 213** Library at the City of Light; an Islamic site ... is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.moslem.org]



    • 214** EBN DA??RA焯? ... of mankind (t朦wa ef al-ana m): philosophers, physicists, astrologers, Zoroastrians, Sabaeans, Kharijites, Mu tazilites, the Shi ite sects, and Sufis; the ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.iranica.com]



    • 215** Enciclop嶮ica Geod廥ica | Erathostenes ... proposed by Eratosthenes, but today the names for the races proposed by Eratosthenes, namely Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites, are still used. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from geodesia.ufsc.br]



    • 216** [More results from owmg.org]



    • 217** pickthallcityofislam ... who believe and those who keep the Jew's religious rule, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day, and doeth right - surely ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.muslim-canada.org]



    • 218** Khopesh has no Religion ... Gnostics, Jains, Lamaites, Magians, Mandaeans, Mohammedans, Moslems, Parsis, Sabaeans, Sikhs, Theosophists, Vedantists, Yogists, and Zoroastrians all believe ... --LINK HERE--[More results from khopesh.iwarp.com]



    • 219** Radio Islam.The Thirteenth Tribe.by Arthur koestler .Appendices ... ... of Africa Ifriqiyah, Tunis , in all Africa, Egypt, the country of the Sabaeans, Arabia, Babylonia, Elam, Persia, Dedan, the country of the Girgashites which is ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from abbc.com]



    • 220** This is Saudi Arabia ... Jerusalem in the 10th century BC, was Sabaean. The Himyarites followed the Sabaeans as the leaders in southern Arabia; the Himyarite Kingdom lasted from about ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.thisissaudiarabia.net]



    • 221** CoinCrazy.com: Online Magazine - March 2000 ... The past local coinage seems to be limited to that of the Sabaeans, the Himyarites, the Nabataens, and Rome's Provencia Arabia. However, by Muhammad's birth ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.coincrazy.com]



    • 222** [More results from www.cheater.com]



    • 223** Lion Tracks Ministries -- Brent & Angie MacDonald ... be of those who believe (Moslems), or those who are Jews or Christians or Sabaeans, whosoever believe in God and the last day and act aright, they have their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.home.ch]



    • 224** QUR'AN CHAPTER 22: AL-HAJJ (THE PILGRIMAGE) ... Lo! those who believe (this revelation), and those who are Jews, and the Sabaeans and the Christians and the Magians and the idolaters - Lo! Allah will decide ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamicdawah.mobilixnet.dk]



    • 225** Quirinus ... Sabaeus. Bk X:431-502. Of the Sabaeans, a people in Northern Arabia. Myrrha reaches their land. Sabini. ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.tkline.freeserve.co.uk]



    • 226** greek 1 ... G.4 ... Arabia - Sabaeans & Himyaniters; 300-100 BC; AR drachma; obv: helm hd Athena R; rev: owl; AF ... regularly $100.00, on sale @ $75.00, ... --LINK HERE--[More results from home.earthlink.net]



    • 227** BRIEFING PACK ETHIOPIA ... River basin. From the 6th century BC to the 1st century AD, the Sabaeans of southern Arabia influenced Ethiopian society, economy, religion and art. During the ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from dtoacp.kub.nl]



    • 228** IraqENG ... 000 (1997) Ethnic Composition: Arabs, Kurds, Bedouins, Luris, Jews, Turkomans, Sabaeans, Yazidis, Assyrians, Persians, Mandaeans, and Armenians Religions: Islam ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from cwr.utoronto.ca]



    • 229** Quarter Days Gone: Job 24 and the Absence of God ... have not, of course, like Job, been thrown into poverty by the raids of Sabaeans and Chaldaeans (1.14, 17), but through the operation of the loan system that ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.shef.ac.uk]



    • 230** 16. Writing: History, and Typology ... Peninsula (and in ancient times by peoples such as the Minaeans and Sabaeans); and the languages of Ethiopia. The latter include Gecez, or classical Ethiopic ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.uni-ulm.de]



    • 231** --LNK HERE-- ... exhortation preached he unto the people. (Luke 3:18) f)literature of the Sabaeans (sabbiun) or Mandaeans, who claim to be followers of John the Baptist, who ... [More results from www.bahacademy.org]



    • 232** GLOSSE1 ... ARB)ahl al-kitab(/) ("people of the Book"), for Jews and Christians (and some Zoroastrians/Sabaeans) as tolerated groups under Islamic rule (see dhimmi). ... [More results from www2.prestel.co.uk]



    • 233** Hist7 ... 27/25? Herod sends 500 soldiers to Aelius Gallus to be used in a war against Sabaeans of Arabia. Ant. 15.9.3; 317; see Strabo 16.4.23 (780). ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.abu.nb.ca]



    • 234** Yemen: History ... that was the center of a large irrigation system. The Himyarites, who followed the Sabaeans, were invaded by the Romans (1st cent. BC) and were occupied by the ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.infoplease.com]



    • 235** Frequently Asked Questions ... Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Isl嫥, and the religion of the Sabaeans. These religions are not the only true religions that have ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.lvbahai.org]



    • 236** E-TEXT 1999 ... idea of a despotic government, and from the religion of the shepherd tribes or Sabaeans the spirit of expansion which created the splendid empire of the Khalifs ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.gutenberg.cyberxs.nl]



    • 237** Doubt by Dr. Martin Israel, Chapter 2 ... brother's house a messenger came to Job to tell him that a host of Sabaeans had swooped down and carried off the flocks and donkeys after killing the herdsman ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.martinisrael.u-net.com]



    • 238** THE SYMBOLS OF THE FIFTH TRUMPET ANALTYZED TO SHEW THE ... ... the turbans of the Sabaen or Keturite 6 Arabs under this precise appellation; "Sabaeans from the wilderness, which put beautiful crowns upon their heads" and ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.historicist.com]



    • 239** John's Yemen Adventure ... the Queen of Sheba.. It is probably the most famous archaeological site in Yemen. The site dates from around the 8th-century BC, and was built by the Sabaeans. ... --LINK HERE--[More results from home.xnet.com]



    • 240** Re: Origin of Alphabet ... Hellenes (to produce Greek, Latin, and eventually the Cyrillic); by the Sabaeans to produce Ethiopic (Amharic Pali ...) and Indian (...) and the Arameans (to ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from platon.ee.duth.gr]



    • 241** --LINK HERE-- ... Arabian Peninsula (and in ancient times by peoples such as the Minaeans and Sabaeans); and the languages of Ethiopia. The latter include Ge ez, or classical ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.metan.purespace.de]



    • 242** Directives From the Guardian, Pages 51-52 ... Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Isl嫥, and the religion of the Sabaeans. These religions are not the only true religions that have ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.ibiblio.org]



    • 243** The CENASIA Discussion List ... Those who have faith, and those of the Jews, the Christians, and the Sabaeans - whoso has faith in God and the Last Day and works wholesome deeds - their wage ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.eurasianet.org]



    • 244** Introduction to Islaam ... God says: "...Those who believe (in the message of Islaam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allaah and the Last Day ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.islaam.net]



    • 245** Rags to riches ... 5: 69. "Surely they that believe, and those of Jewry, and the Sabaeans, and those of the Christians, whosoever believes in God and the Last Day, and works ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from rationalthinking.tripod.com]



    • 246** MSA @ UB - Translation of Quran ... 005.069, Lo! those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabaeans, and Christians - Whosoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - there ... --LINK HERE--[More results from wings.buffalo.edu]



    • 247** Re: CHRISTIAN RELATIONS TO QUMRAN? ... Dead Sea and on the other side with the Sampsaeans [that is, the Sabaeans] no longer practise Jewish customs. They have now become associated with the Ebionites ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.qumran.com]



    • 248** elo gallery ... B3764. SABAEANS AND HIMYARITES, 3rd-2nd century BC. AR Drachm, Sear 6112v. Hd. Athena, Sabean letter on cheek/Owl stg. facing. F+. $75 estimate. Sold. ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.edgarlowen.com]



    • 249** Invitation to Islam ! ... ...[Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and act ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamway.com]



    • 250** sheba ... Saba has traditionally been identified as the biblical heba? The Sabaeans populated a territory made prosperous by the production of myrrh and frankincense ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from sites.netscape.net]



    • 251** 5 The Table Spread ... the disbelieving folk. 69 Lo! those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabaeans, and Christians - Whosoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from naqshbandi.net]



    • 252** Pagan Queen Chapter 4 ... canvasses comprehensive evidence for the idea that "...the Israelites worshipped Saturn. The Sabaeans called him the "god of the Jews." The Sabbath is Saturday ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from peninsula.starway.net.au]



    • 253** The Lost City of Ubar ( Iram ) ... who are named Fortunate Arabs by the Greeks. These are the Hadramites, Sabaeans, Minaeans and Qatabaeans. These four peoples reigned for a while together in ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from members.home.net]



    • 254** Encyclopaedia Britannica: Search Results -- Eratosthenes ... the basis of his nomenclature for these groups that modern scholars are accustomed to speak of Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites. The fourfold... ... [More results from www.eb.com]



    • 255** Washington File ... Those who have faith, and those of the Jews, the Christians, and the Sabaeans -- whoso has faith in God and the Last Day and works wholesome deeds -- their ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.usembassy.ro]



    • 256** Proph ... that which was revealed unto Muhammad), and those who are Jews and Christians and Sabaeans - whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does right - surely ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.altway.freeuk.com]



    • 257** Recommended Reading: The Koran Interpreted ... Rabbis; Ramadan; Resurrection; Retaliation. Sabaeans; Sabbath; Sabbath-breakers; Safa; Sa'iba; Sakar; Salih prophet; Salsabil; Samaritan the; Satan; Satans ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.islamia.com]



    • 258** ... A kingdom in Arabia Felix. Sheba, in fact, was Saba in Southern Arabia, the Sabaeans of classical geography, who carried on the trade in spices with the other ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.mydevotion.com]



    • 259** Ah-halan wa sahalan ... As a result of this profitable traffic, the Sabaeans' famous biblical queen Sheba (or so legend holds) effected such feats as the great dam at Marib, a ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from desdemona.wolmail.nl]



    • 260** FEATURES ... decline was the huge hydrological works like the great Marib dam built by the Sabaeans, probably in 2,500 BC and re-built again and again, over the centuries ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.gulf-news.co.ae]



    • 261** The Aeneid, Book VIII ... at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, 935 And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails, And ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from members.tripod.lycos.nl]



    • 262** ... to the place nearest to Meroe; into Arabia so far within the borders of the Sabaeans proceeded the army as to the town of Mariba. Egypt to the imperium of ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.iupui.edu]



    • 263** --LINK HERE-- ... the sceptre's royal power. Accordingly, Isaiah also says to the Person of Christ: "The Sabaeans, men of stature, shall pass over to Thee; and they shall follow ... [More results from www.ewtn.com]



    • 264** Easton's Bible Dictionary: Shadow to Shenir ... A kingdom in Arabia Felix. Sheba, in fact, was Saba in Southern Arabia, the Sabaeans of classical geography, who carried on the trade in spices with the other ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.awmach.org]



    • 265** Muhammad (PBUH) ... Ibrahim had started his campaign against star-worship, was the center of the Sabaeans. In this town, stars were the object of veneration. Belief in the stars ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from islamroots.homepage.com]



    • 266** Al-Maidah ... The believers, Jews, Sabaeans, and the Christians who believe in God and the Day of Judgment and who do what is right will have nothing to fear nor will they ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.tiac.net]



    • 267** Introcucing Islam ... ...[Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and act ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.cq-link.net]



    • 268** History Of Saudi Arabia ... ritual of Arab worship was but one of a number of religious options. The Sabaeans of southern Arabia followed their own system of beliefs, and these had some ... --LINK HERE--"> [More results from saudicities.com]



    • 269** The Glorious Qur'an: Al-Baqarah (The Cow) ... is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right - surely ... --LINK HERE--"> [More results from www.taric.org]



    • 270** ZENOBIA

... named Solomon to establish the first trade caravans that persist to this day. Sabaeans are a Saraceni tribe that long ago settled in the lush mountain valleys ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.eyeballkid.co.za]



    • 271** Introduction to Islam (www.islaam.org.uk) ... ...Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and act ... --LINK HERE--"> [More results from www.islaam.org.uk]



    • 272** BookRags e-Book: The Aeneid ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE--"> [More results from www.bookrags.com]



    • 273** Egypt in the Roman Empire CL2361 ... he had bent his bow. In dread, every Egyptian, the Indians, the Arabs, the Sabaeans, all were turning... The Queen herself could be seen calling on the winds ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from www.rhul.ac.uk]



    • 274** sabeans ... point out that there are no records in the Bah??Faith about the Sabaeans except the short references made ... and that certainly it is not a religion that ... --LINK HERE--[More results from homepage.ruhr-uni-bochum.de]



    • 275** The Eternal Prophet ... of the Primordial Law or Taurat. That is why those of the Hebrew faith, Sabaeans/Mandaeans and Christians are referred to as "People of the Book;" precisely ... --LINK HERE--"> [More results from www.most.org.pl]



    • 276** Dryden Book VIII ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE--[More results from cti.itc.virginia.edu]



    • 277** 8 : BOOK VIII ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.literatureproject.com]



    • 278** Witness to a Mason ... light and splendour. The Sun was His manifestation and visible image; and the Sabaeans worshipping the Light - God, seemed to worship the Sun, in whom they saw ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.nisbett.com]






    • 279** CHAPTER 5: AL-MAEDA ... they grieve. PICKTHAL: Lo! those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabaeans, and Christians - Whosoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.almanar-uk.org]



    • 280** Chapter 15 ... at ports on the Red Sea inwards and outwards: requiring the friendship of the Sabaeans of the Yemen and prompting the Queen of Sheba s "hard questions" of ... --LINK HERE--[More results from homepages.tesco.net]



    • 281** Discover Islam - Nuts 'n' Bolts ... hanp?; the same term often was applied to the Manichaeans and Sabaeans, presumably owing to the fact that their religions contained Christian elements ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.discoverislam.net]



    • 282** Isaiah - Chapter 43 - Wesley's Explanatory Notes ... Jews, was diverted and directed by God to employ his forces against Egypt, and Ethiopia, and Seba. Seba - The Sabaeans were confederate with the Ethiopians. ... [More results from bible.crosswalk.com]



    • 283** --LINK-- ... US) 236 p. ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 230-233). Sabaeans; Harranians; Ikhwan al-Safa. @@ 3- LCN: 99899094 Jabi, Salim. Allah, jalla ... [More results from www.lib.virginia.edu]



    • 284** Shakeel's Page ... ..[Those who believe (in the message of Islam), and the Jews, the Sabaeans, and the Christians - all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and act ... --LINK HERE-- [More results from www.gzastorm.i12.com]



    • 285** HebrewSymbols ... Peninsula (and in ancient times by peoples such as the Minaeans and Sabaeans); and the languages of Ethiopia. The latter include Geez, or classical Ethiopic ... --LINK HERE--l">--LINK HERE-- [More results from ddi.digital.net]



    • 286** Refutation of Robert Morey Moon-god Myth & Other Deceptive ... ... was Wadd, that of the Katabanians mm, that of the Hadramis Sin, and of the Sabaeans Il Mukah. All were the moon (Coon, p.399). The names of the moon-god ... --LINK HERE--:">[More results from www.themodernreligion.com]



    • 287** HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS

... he says that he was a philosopher, and had read the books of the Sabaeans and of the schismatics. Subsequently he contracted a friendship with Origen, and led ... --LINK HERE--"> [More results from home.wxs.nl]



    • 288** 4Tests.com - Eratosthenes ... the names for the races proposed by Eratosthenes, namely Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites, are still used. Eratosthenes writings include the

[More results from www.4tests.com]



    • 289** Excerpts from Virgil's Aeneid ... arrows; at whose winged flight The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, And soft Sabaeans quit the wat'ry field. The fatal mistress hoists her silken sails ... --LINK HERE--[More results from www.monmouth.edu]



LINK HERE.. Yemen, Land of Sheba A glimpse of Yemen, believed to be the land of the Queen of Sheba. A journey and discovery of the hidden beauty of Arabia Felix, unique architectures of antiquity, what is inside the walled city, what lies beyond the hills and mountains, the coastal plains of the south, and who



    • 290** LINK HERE.. PEOPLE OF COLOR IN THE HOLY SCRIPTURES Please Check Back Shortly You can call First Church at (860) 232-4461 for more details and updated information. Are There Any People Of Color In The Bible? Is It True That There Were Blacks In The Bible? Yes, There Were Many, Including The Queen Of Sheba



    • 291** LINK HERE.. ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY Supreme Sheik LD Galbiati Visiting the ancient city of Old Marib, Home of the Legendary Queen of Sheba in the Republic of Yemen TEXAS ARCHEOLOGICAL SOCIETY



    • 292** LINK HERE..The Queen of Sheba No one really knows if the Queen of Sheba was a real person or just a myth. She was supposedly the Queen of Egypt and famous for her visit to King Solomon. She belonged to a earlier and forgotten era in which woman played a



    • 293** LINK HERE..I Kings 10: 1 - 13 (King James Bible) 1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions. 2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and



    • 295** LINK HERE.. Biblical Reference to Sheba (Queen of) Sheba is one of the lands mentioned often in the Bible. Besides some references to a man named Sheba, there are two references (1 Kings 10.1-13 and 2 Chronicles 9.1-12) which reference the visit by the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon. Here is the text



    • 296** LINK HERE..Learn how to get there, what to see and where to stay with our primer, Ways and Means in Ethiopia. Read biblical passages about King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Learn more about legend surrounding the Ark of the Covenant. Great detail about the history of Ethiopia from the first millennium



    • 297** LINK HERE..Ethiopia and the Jews The Ethiopian monarchy, removed from power in 1974, claimed an unbroken line of descent from a supposed liaison between Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. The original account of



    • 299** LINK HERE..II Chronicles 9 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all



    • 300**LINK HERE.. Demonizing the Queen of Sheba Boundaries of Gender and Culture in Postbiblical Judaism and Medieval Islam Jacob Lassner Through the centuries, Jewish and Muslim scholars transformed the biblical tale of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba from a tale of an Israelite king and a clever, resourceful



    • 302** LINK HERE.. 2 Chronicles 9 Young's Literal Translation 1And the queen of Sheba hath heard of the fame of Solomon, and cometh in to try Solomon with acute sayings, to Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels bearing spices and gold in abundance, and precious stone and she cometh in unto Solomon



    • 303** LINK HERE..Bible see links on Bible page Books The Kebra Negast: The Book of Rastafarian Wisdom and Faith The Queen of Sheba and Her Only Son Menyelek A Modern Translation of the Kebra Nagast: (Glory of Kings) The Kebra Negast: Book of Rastafarian Wisdom and Faith Gerald Hausman - On the Kebra



    • 305** LINK HERE">LINK HERE..Cochin, the historic port of ancient maritime trade attracted traders and merchants from the great civilizations of both the Western and Eastern worlds. In Biblical times, during King Solomon's reign the Queen of Sheba presented the ruler with gold, ivory, pepper and other exotic spices which is



    • 306** LINK HERE Historical Personalities Issues Compiled Edited by Phillip True, Jr. Chapter Seven MAKEDA THE QUEEN OF SHEBA (960 B.C.) In 960 B.C., the nation that is now called Ethiopia, came back upon the center of



Freedom of belief Q229 :In a recent discussion concerning Prophet Suleman and the Queen of Sheba, you referred to a threat of Prophet Suleman to expel her and her people from their own land. The justification for this threat of the use of force seems to be simply the difference of religion



    • 307** Bibliography Bilensky, Mary, Clinchy, Blythe, Goldberger, Nancy and Jill Tarule, WOMEN'S WAY OF KNOWING, Basic Books, New York, 1986. Budge, Sir Ernest A. Wallis, translator, THE QUEEN OF SHEBA AND HER ONLY SUN MENYELEK, the Kebra Nagast, Oxford University Press, London, 1932. Conway



    • 308** LINK HERE.. The Queen of Sheba 'The Queen of the South will appear at the Judgement when this generation is on trial'. The Queen of the South, being of course, not a football team, but the Queen of Sheba. We learn only a little about her from the Bible, but it is what happens to the story in the telling that



    • 309**LINK HERE">LINK HERE.. 1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the Lord, she came to prove him with hard questions. 2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she



    • 310** LINK HERE.. And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her



    • 311** LINK HERE..The Aftermath: Solomon's Later Years The visit of the Queen of Sheba was the culminating point of Solomon's life. After she left, he continued to write and speak words of wisdom, but he and Israel deteriorated. We might speculate that this deterioration was triggered not only by his



    • 312** LINK HERE.. 2CHRONICLES 9:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of



    • 312** LINK HERE">LINK HERE .. 1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her



    • 313**LINK HERE.. 19 July 1998 The Queen of Sheba 1. Introduction There is an old saying that you can please some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can't please all of the people all of the time. I think my sermon this morning is going to be a little bit like that -- for



    • 314** LINK HERE..Axum Although its very early history are unknown, the importance of Axum dates back to the tenth century, when it was made the capital of the Queen of Sheba. Located in the northern province of Tigray, Axum is a small town surrounded by dry hills and fields. Under the surface of this town lie



    • 315** LINK HERE..Historical Hot Spots#133Axum History Once the capital of the Queen of Sheba, the historical city of Axum dates back to at least the tenth century BC, as recorded in the fourteenth-century Kebre Negast (Book of Kings). Although its earlier history is still unknown, it seems fairly certain that a



    • 316** LINK HERE.. Shlomo's Wives Mrs. Atara Gur, Sept 9th, '96 We're speaking about more than a thousand women, so it's not somebody specific except if we speak about two people specifically, Batpharoah, the daughter of Pharaoh and the Queen of Sheba who are mentioned specifically. Why did he marry a thousand women



    • 317** LINK HERE..MAKEDA Known to her people as Makeda she has been known under various names at different periods. The Queen of the South, to the Moslems, she was Bilqis. To King Solomon of Israel, she was the Queen of Sheba or Saba. To the ancient Greeks she was the Black Minerva and the Ethiopian Diana. Makeda



    • 318** LINK HERE..WHAT'S NEW ! Withering Grass - April 1999 HARD QUESTIONS ANSWERED - THE QUEEN OF SHEBA - November 1998 The Life and Hymns of William Cowper - September 1998 - This is probably the most complete set of Cowper's Olney Hymns on the Internet Children's Section: The Brazen Serpent in the Wilderness - 9

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Search Results for ' minaeans ' MINAEAN REFERENCES CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Semites ... In the fertile lowlands of the South Arabian Dj灀 the Kingdom of Ma'in (Minaeans) flourished. It is generally dated as early as the middle of the second ... LINK HERE



Arabia, history of - Britannica.com ... question. (WLO) . ... Click here for a list of other articles that contain information on this subject. ... More ... LINK HERE



Arabia, history of - Britannica.com ... for these groups that modern scholars are accustomed to speak of Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites. The fourfold categorization does indeed ... LINK HERE



TEXT HERE SAUDI ARABIA ... coast; its capital was at Karna, or Qarnaw (present-day Sadah, Yemen). The Minaeans were nomads and herders, who eventually became the chief traders of incense ...LINK HERE



YEMEN ARAB REPUBLIC ... part of the classical Arabia Felix (Happy Arabia). Before the Christian era Minaeans, Sabaeans (see SHEBA), and Himyarites successively held sway in the region ... LINK HERE



The Coins and History of Asia ... near east. arabia Nabataeans, Minaeans, Arabia Felix, Katabanians, Sabaeans, and Himyarites 18 coins judaean kingdom 13 coins phoenicia 9 coins kings of ... LINK HERE



Eratosthenes ... proposed by Eratosthenes, but today the names for the races proposed by Eratosthenes, namely Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites, are still used. ... LINK HERE



Next 10 web sites for 'minaeans' Google Results 11-20 of 36 Sites found by Google: CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Job ... reading is that of the Septuagint which calls Sophar always a Minaean; the Minaeans were an Arabian tribe. Sophar was far younger than Job (cf. Job's reply to ... LINK HERE



About Yemen ... The chief incense traders were the Minaeans, who established their capital Karna (now known as Sadah), before they were superseded by the Sabaeans in 950 BC. ... LINK HERE



JTS Library: News: Between the Lines: Issue 17, Spring 1996 ... to ethnicity, the named individuals may include descendants of the Edomites, and Minaeans, early Nabataeans, as well as perhaps some Jews. The ostraca are ... LINK HERE



Muslim Women Around the World ... painted with kohl, and her mother. They camp with their Bedouin tribe in North Yemen near Main, known as Qarnaw when it was the capital of the Minaeans. ... LINK HERE



II SCRIPT AND PHILOLOGY ... called hierodules lists of Ma'in, eight Egyptian women are mentioned as having married Minaeans. Several of the names are clearly Egyptian, others are not. WH. ... LINK HERE



Arabia ... Minaeans (?). [Minaean] 7K JPG Anonymous AR Obol circa 200 BC SGCv2 (?), Arnold-Biucchi 27 (?) 11 mm. 0.82 gm. Die position=10h reverse Obverse: Beardless male ... LINK HERE



The Origin of Sin 3: The Lunar Passion and the Daughters ... ... Ilumquh by the Sabaeans, 'Amm and 'Anbay by the Qatabanians, Wadd (love) by the Minaeans, and Sin by the Hadramis". The term 'God is Love' is characteristic of ... LINK HERE



History ... The chief incense traders were the Minaeans, who established their capital at Karna (now known as Sadah), before they were superseded by the Sabaeans in 950 BC ... LINK HERE



2.LINK HERE



4.ArabNet -- Yemen, History, Ancient Civilisations - Ancient civilisations The history of the Yemen stretches back over 3,000 years, and its unique culture is still in evidence today in the architecture of its towns and villages. From about 1000 BC this LINK HERE



5.The People of Ad and Ubar, the Atlantis of the Sands - science home | author | highlights contents | view all | frame | islamicity home Preface The People of Lut and The City which was Turned Upside Down The People of Ad and Ubar, the Atlantis of the LINK HERE



6.Comparative Religion-Moon Myth God - Comparative Religions Moon-Myth-God Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth & Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam Morey's Deceptive Methods A Christian acquaintance proudly handed me a copy of a book entitled The M LINK HERE



7.Catholic Encyclopedia: SEMITES - New Advent | Catholic Encyclopedia | Church Fathers | Summa Theologica || A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Semites The term Semit LINK HERE



8.Reply to Morey's Moon-god Myth - Reply To Dr. Robert Morey's Moon-God Myth & Other Deceptive Attacks On Islam Shabbir Ally 穢 1997-1999 Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved. And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and t salam.muslimsonline.com LINK HERE



sweb.syr.edu.LINK HERE



www.wube.net LINK HERE



Ethiopia HISTORY: During the 1st millennium BC, Semitic people from Sheba (Saaba) crossed the Red Sea and conquered the Hamite (q.v.) on the coast of what was eventual LINK HERE



10.Muslim Women Around the World - Pictures of Muslim Women Around the World Designs in glazed tile transformed the Friday Mosque in Herat, Afghanistan, into a shimmering paradise as a woman in full Islamic attire passes by. LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 11.Catholic Encyclopedia: JOB - New Advent | Catholic Encyclopedia | Church Fathers | Summa Theologica || A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Job One of the books o LINK HERE



12.The Origin of Sin 3: The Lunar Passion and the Daughters of Allah - Keywords: Jesus, Mary, Nabataea, Edom, Sabean, illumquh, wadd, amm, Sheba, al-Uzza, Allat, Allah, Manat, Hubal, Muhammad, hajira, hajj, Kaaba, Zam-Zam, Duchares, Dionysus, Aphrodite. Return to Genesi LINK HERE



13.Reply to Morey's Moon-god Myth - Reply To Dr. Robert Morey's Moon-God Myth & Other Deceptive Attacks On Islam Shabbir Ally 穢 Islamic Awareness, All Rights Reserved. And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and LINK HERE



14.THE RAIN / THE SEPTUAGINT ENDING OF THE BOOK OF JOB - THE SEPTUAGINT ENDING OF THE BOOK OF JOB." This Is Appendix 62 From The Companion Bible. In the Septuagint translation of the Old Testament into Greek, there is a long subscription. A similar subs LINK HERE



15.Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth & Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam - Bismillah irRahman irRaheem In the Name of Allah - the Most Beneficent - the Most Merciful Comparative Religion Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth & Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam Morey's Deceptive Method LINK HERE



16.The Minaean Affair - Prologue Everybody knows that the history of Bellissaria is so uneventful that it is nearly nonexistent. This is true with only a few exceptions. This is the story of one of these rare exceptions. As LINK HERE



17.Welcome to MakYemen Home Page - Welcome to MakYemen Home Page It's new!!! So, have a good tour The history of the Yemen stretches back over 3,000 years, and its unique culture is still in evidence today in the architecture of its to LINK HERE



18.Muslim Women Around the World - Muslim Women Around the World Designs in glazed tile transformed the Friday Mosque in Herat, Afghanistan, into a shimmering paradise as a woman in full Islamic attire passes by. A tende LINK HERE



19.New Immortal - Rohindartha - New Immortal - Rohindartha Name: Rohindartha, The Enlightened One Sphere: Thought Alignment: Neutral (of neutral-good in AD&D) Immortal Rank: Eternal Immortal Level: 29 Abilities: Str- 42 Int- 45 Wis- LINK HERE



20.statement - In your opinion, what you think about this statement: { Arab heritage = Islamic heritage + other religions in the Arabian land + other practices in Arabia!! } Name: Enter your comments in the space pr LINK HERE



<< back - next >> 122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 21.Refutation of Robert Moreys Moon-god Myth & Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam - Islam - The Modern Religion Robert Moreys Moon-god Myth & Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam by Shabir Ally False Evidence On page 7, Morey writes: In the 1940s, the archeologists G.Caton Thompson LINK HERE



23.I Have Found a Ransom - Echoes from the Past I Have Found a Ransom For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.--1 Timothy LINK HERE



25.The Early Nazarene Christians and Rabbinic Judaism - Triumph Prophetic Ministries (Church of God) The Mysterious Relationship of The Early Nazarene Christians and Rabbinic Judaism During early New Testament times, the relationship between the Pharisees, LINK HERE



26.Yemen History - Ottoman Rule The Last of the Imams British Rule A Unified Republic Civil War Ancient Yemen The history of the Yemen stretches back over 3,000 years, and its unique culture is still in evidence today i LINK HERE



28.A ramble on the Traldaran Gypsies - A ramble on the Traldaran Gypsies I get a picture of your typical gypsies, maybe one or two tribes, consisting of several clans. Each clan would be an extended family that travels together. Each clan LINK HERE



29.Reply to Dr. Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth and Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam - Back to Missionaries | Home | New | Islam | God | Revelation | Messengers | Religions | Converts | Links | Chat | Search | Email Reply to Dr. Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth and Other Deceptive Attacks LINK HERE



30.RRojas Databank: The R?binson Rojas Archive.-Economic Literacy with the Encyclopedia Britannica: International trade - Globalization Poverty Development Sustainability Back to Economic Literacy All the material included here belongs to ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade all economic transactions t LINK HERE



32.Arabia - Medi牘val Music (Ante 1400) Anonymous: Estampie - 14th Century - History - LINK HERE



35.a1 The Consultant / Yemen Information - Official Name: Republic of Yemen Capital : Sanaa Language : Arabic, though English is often understood in business circles Currency : Yemeni Rials - Exchange Rate: 140 YR for 1 USD Relig LINK HERE



36.T H E A R A B M E L L E N N I U M - All about GCC countires - Historical Outlook Discovery of OiI Infrastructural Dev. Industrialization Economic Growth Banking & Finance Investment Opportunities Advanced Communictions Corporate G LINK HERE



37.Pro and Con 378 - Pro and Con 378 Uploaded 8-27-99 Note: Please pray for our 10 yr. old granddaughter, Brandi Agee. She has been sick five days, has had high temperature, stomach pain and threw up blood yesterday and t LINK HERE



38.1794 - 1792.Image: elephant hook: ko_n.am elephant-hook (Maturaik. 592); curved sword (Ta.lex.) 1794.Sharp point: gunapamu iron crow-bar (Te.); kun.apa- spear (Skt.)(DEDR 2076). konai tip, end (as of a needl LINK HERE



40.Reply to Dr. Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth and Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam - Back to Answering Missionaries | Home | New | Islam | God | Revelation | Messengers | Religions | Converts | Links Reply to Dr. Robert Morey's Moon-god Myth and Other Deceptive Attacks on Islam By Sh LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 41.Languages&Families - Professor F. El Guindi ** University of Southern California ** Anth 327 ** Spring 2000 ** January 10 - April 28 ** Office: SOS 173 ** Off Tel: 213/740-1907 ** Mondays & Wednesdays 2: LINK HERE



42.Shorea - 6107.Shorea talura: bil.e_ bo_vu mara, bil.e_ bho_gi mara a tree yielding a kind of lac, shorea talura (Ka.); bil.i, bil.e whiteness (Ka.); vil.ajju (Ma.); vil.an:gu (Ta.); vele to shine (Te.)(Ka.lex. LINK HERE



43.0001to - 1.Counting; marking: aka mark (Si.); an:ka curved line, mark, sign (R.); mark, brand (Pali); o~_kh mark (K.); a~_k mark, spot (H.); digit (Ku.Aw.G.Konkan.i); mark, sign (M.); an:gu numerical figure, m LINK HERE



45.Phoenician Script - PHOENICIAN TO HEBRAIC: The 22 letters of the Phoenician alphabet evolved on the Palestinian coast near the city of Byblos sometime around 1,050 BC. - It was a stylised version of other linear and cune LINK HERE



46.cities - Tramin: This city is the spiritual center of the country and has a large number of Mosques and Libraries; it is said that there were once as many mosques as there are in the Islamic year (354). With a LINK HERE



47.A Concise History of the Middle East, Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: NEW PEOPLES, NEW NATIONS, PART I 2000 to 900 B. C. Due to the size of this chapter, it has been divided into two parts, which cover the following topics: Part I The Amorite Period Hammurabi LINK HERE



48.country_template - Yeman Multimedia : Click on - Map to view map, Note to play anthem, Flag to view flag. To download - right click the symbol and choose - "Save link as...". Information : Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), com LINK HERE



49.country_template - Yemen Multimedia : Click on - Map to view map, Note to play anthem, Flag to view flag. To download - right click the symbol and choose - "Save link as...". Information : Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), com LINK HERE



50.II SCRIPT AND PHILOLOGY - SYSTEMATIC LIST OF AUTHORS AND TITLES II SCRIPT AND LANGUAGE a. Scripts b. Grammar c. Lexicography, expressions, proper names, epithets II.a Scripts see also: 93.0110, 93.0183, 93.0204, 93.0218, 93.02 LINK HERE



<< back - next >> 122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 51.Document Title - ARABIA, ARABIA, the peninsula constituting the southwestern extremity of Asia. The total area is a little more than one million square miles (2.6 million sq km), about one third that of the contermino LINK HERE



52.The Coin DOC's Answer Archive #2 - Looking for something specific? Try the CoinSite SEARCH ENGINE CoinSite Home Archive # 2 Press Ctrl+F to Search This Page Past Questions and Answers Return to the Coin Doc's Answer Menu Email LINK HERE



53.John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Job 42:1INTRODUCTION TO JOB 42This chapter contains Job's answer to the last speech of the Lord's, in which he acknowledges his omnipotence, and his certain LINK HERE



54.John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Judges 10:1INTRODUCTION TO JUDGES 10This chapter gives an account of two judges of Israel, in whose days they enjoyed peace, Jud 10:1, after which they sinn LINK HERE



56.A Concise History of the Middle East, Chapter 8 - Chapter 8: ZOROASTRIANS, PAGANS, AND CHRISTIANS PART II 226 to 570 (All dates are A.D. from now on, unless otherwise stated.) Due to its large size, this chapter is divided into two parts. It covers t LINK HERE



57.CollegeTermPapers - Mathematics - Eratosthenes - Free Term Papers, Book Reports, Essays, and Research Papers College Term Papers - Free College Term - Papers, Research Papers Essays, & Book Reports Term Papers Can't find it here? Try Collegiate Care Eratosthenes By: Chris Stewart Eratosthenes Eratosthenes was born in Cyrene which is now in Libya in LINK HERE



58.Robert Morey's - What Was the Name of That Moon-god? Morey was successful in proving that moon worship was prevalent in South Arabia before Islam. But what was the name of that Moon-god? Morey would have us believe th LINK HERE



60.John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Job 2:1INTRODUCTION TO JOB 2This chapter gives an account of a second trial of Job's constancy and integrity, the time and occasion of it, Job 2:1; the moti LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 61.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Quraysh According to Muslim tradition, Mecca had at one time been in the hands of Jurhum, a people living on the central west coast recorded in Greco-Latin LINK HERE



62.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Sabaeans The people who called themselves Saba' (biblical Sheba) are both the earliest and the most abundantly attested in the surviving written records. Th LINK HERE



63.Ministries (Church of God) The Mysterious Relationship of The Early Nazarene Christians and Rabbinic Judaism During early New Testament times, the relationship between the Pharisees, LINK HERE



- Triumph Prophetic LINK HERE



64.16. Writing: History, and Typology - 16.1. Prehistory of writing, earliest traces of cultural memory technology 16.2. Typology of writing systems 16.3. Artificial Symbol Systems 16. Writing: History, and Typology @:WRITING In this sectio LINK HERE



65.The Life of Mahomet, Volume I [Chapter II] - CHAPTER II. The Aborigines and early Commerce of Arabia, as referred to in the Holy Scriptures, and by Classical Writers Object of the two following chapters History of Arabia before Islam. First - fr LINK HERE



66.JTS Library: News: Between the Lines: Issue 17, Spring 1996 - JTS Home JTS Library News: Between the Lines: Issue 17, Spring 1996 Edith Degani: Thoughts on Leaving the JTSA Library Towards the Eternal Center Jerusalem on the Rhine, Jerusalem on the Hudson Librar LINK HERE



67.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Minaeans The Minaean kingdom (Ma'in) lasted from the 4th to the 2nd century BC and was predominantly a trading organization that, for the period, monopolize LINK HERE



68.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page Arabia, history of - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of history of the region from prehistoric times to the present. Some time after the rise of Islam in the first quarter of the 7th cen LINK HERE



69.Bibliographie - Midian und Ismael Die fr?hen Araber und das Alte Testament Hauptseminar im WS 1998/99 Prof. Dr. Herbert Niehr - Dr. Andreas Reichert Bibliographie allgemein zur Thematik Altheim, F. - Stiehl, R., Di LINK HERE



70.Lycos Research Center: Encyclopedia: YEMEN ARAB REPUBLIC - Help Feedback Search for: Lycos Network: Tripod.com | Angelfire.com | MailCity.com | WhoWhere.com | HotBot.com All Sites... Choose A Company.........View All CompaniesAlcatelAMDAT&T Wireless Ser LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 71.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabian religion The historical setting South Arabia >From the middle of the 2nd millennium BC a sedentary agrarian civilization developed in Yemen in the oases along the edge LINK HERE



72.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - Hirah"> MORE OPTIONS ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Ghassan The dynasty of the Ghassanids, though often called kings, were in fact Byzantine phylarchs (native rulers of subject frontier LINK HERE



73.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page Arabia, history of - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of history of the region from prehistoric times to the present. Some time after the rise of Islam in the first quarter of the 7th century AD and the emergence LINK HERE



74.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Omani expansion In Oman events took an independent course. The Ya'rubid dynasty--founded about 1624 when a member of the Ya'rub tr LINK HERE



75.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Mamluk and Ottoman influence Although the Yemeni Rasulids sometimes disputed with the Mamluks the overlordship of the Holy Cities, LINK HERE



76.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabian religion Sources of modern knowledge Knowledge of pre-Islamic Arabia rests mainly on original archaeological and epigraphic data from the region itself. Countless pre- LINK HERE



77.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Struggle for leadership In Arabia offices were generally hereditary and elective; but on Muhammad's death, Abu Bakr, the first cal LINK HERE



78.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The Iran-Iraq War A fresh threat to the rich oil states of the gulf arose with the revolution in Iran in 1978-79 and with the outb LINK HERE



79.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page international trade, - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade the sale and purchase of consumer or capital goods and services, raw materials, securities, or gold across national borders. Such transactions may be accom LINK HERE



80.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Theories of international trade The Heckscher-Ohlin theory has been the most scrutinized explanation of trade patterns. The classic work is Bertil Ohlin, I LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 81.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Struggle for leadership In Arabia offices were generally hereditary and elective; but on Muhammad's death, Abu Bakr, the first cal LINK HERE



82.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The gulf states In 1835 the Qawasim coastal tribes of the Persian Gulf, earlier conquered and inspired by the Wahhabis, were induc LINK HERE



83.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Resistance to the Ottomans Propagating the doctrines of 'Abd al-Wahhab, Ibn Sa'ud and his son mastered all Najd. Late in the 18th century the Wahhabis began LINK HERE



84.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Sources of comparative advantage As already noted, British classical economists simply accepted the fact that productivity differences exist between countr LINK HERE



85.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The Wahhabis The Ottomans, clinging to the Hejaz for religious prestige and claiming to be custodians of the Holy Cities, had litt LINK HERE



86.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Resistance to the Ottomans Propagating the doctrines of 'Abd al-Wahhab, Ibn Sa'ud and his son mastered all Najd. Late in the 18th LINK HERE



87.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The life of Muhammad Muhammad was born in 570 of the Hashimite (Banu Hashim) branch of the noble house of 'Abd Manaf; though orphaned at an early age and, i LINK HERE



88.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The Iran-Iraq War A fresh threat to the rich oil states of the gulf arose with the revolution in Iran in 1978-79 and with the outb LINK HERE



89.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - MORE OPTIONS ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Trade among developed countries The greatest volume of trade occurs among the developed, capital-rich countries, especially among industrial LINK HERE



90.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The Ottomans In 1517 the Ottoman sultan Selim I conquered Egypt and proclaimed the Hejaz part of the Ottoman dominions. Sharif Barakat II of Mecca sent his LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 91.SEMITIC LANGUAGES - SEMITIC LANGUAGES Linguistic Groups Characteristics Writing SEMITIC LANGUAGES, one of the five subfamilies or branches of the Hamito-Semitic or Afro-Asiatic language family (see HAMITO-SEMITIC LANGUAG LINK HERE



92.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - an error occurred while processing this directive [an error occurred while processing this directive ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Resistance to the Ottomans Propagating the doctrines LINK HERE



93.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Multilateral agreements since World War II When World War II ended, the lessons learned from the growth of protectionism since 1871, and most of all from t LINK HERE



94.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Trade among developed countries The greatest volume of trade occurs among the developed, capital-rich countries, especially among industrial leaders such a LINK HERE



95.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Formation of a customs union The treaty set a timetable for the abolition of customs duties between member states. On balance, this timetable was met and i LINK HERE



96.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade The European Free Trade Association When the European Economic Community was being organized, Great Britain sought to organize a free-trade area that would LINK HERE



97.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Switzerland The Swiss example is no less instructive. Although the Helvetic Confederation emerged as a political entity in the 14th century, its economic i LINK HERE



98.Lycos Research Center: Encyclopedia: SAUDI ARABIA - Help Feedback Search for: Lycos Network: Tripod.com | Angelfire.com | MailCity.com | WhoWhere.com | HotBot.com All Sites... Click here to visit site Lycos Home > Reference > Research Center Funk LINK HERE



99.SAUDI ARABIA - SAUDI ARABIA LAND AND RESOURCES POPULATION ECONOMY GOVERNMENT HISTORY Map of Saudi Arabia SAUDI ARABIA, monarchy, SW Asia, occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula, and bounded on the N by Jordan, Iraq LINK HERE



100.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Oman In the last decades of the 7th century the Ibaites (Ibaiyah), regarded as a moderate Kharijite sect, conquered southern Arabia, established a Kindite i LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 101.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Mamluk and Ottoman influence Although the Yemeni Rasulids sometimes disputed with the Mamluks the overlordship of the Holy Cities, the Mamluks generally pre LINK HERE



102.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Yemen Imam Yahya had to virtually conquer Yemen, in the Zaydi interest, after the Ottoman departure; by stern measures he establis LINK HERE



103.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Al-Hirah Al-Hirah was similarly a Bedouin tribal kingdom, the kings of which are commonly designated the Lakhmids. According to tr LINK HERE



104.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Omani expansion In Oman events took an independent course. The Ya'rubid dynasty--founded about 1624 when a member of the Ya'rub tribe was elected imam--expe LINK HERE



105.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The Ayyubids and Rasulids The Ayyubids of Egypt, when they invaded Yemen in 1173, found it parceled out among several dynasties. A LINK HERE



106.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Struggle for leadership In Arabia offices were generally hereditary and elective; but on Muhammad's death, Abu Bakr, the first caliph, aided by his own even LINK HERE



107.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabian religion Sources of modern knowledge Knowledge of pre-Islamic Arabia rests mainly on original archaeological and epigraphic data from the region itself. Countless pre- LINK HERE



108.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Yemen Imam Yahya had to virtually conquer Yemen, in the Zaydi interest, after the Ottoman departure; by stern measures he establis LINK HERE



109.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - MORE OPTIONS ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development On April 16, 1948, 16 European countries responded to a U.S. offer of economic aid LINK HERE



110.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The sharifs of the Holy Cities At Mecca in the mid-10th century commenced the 1,000-year ascendancy of the 'Alid sharifian families. Mecca now became capita LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 111.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Foreign trade in the former Soviet Union The former Soviet Union's involvement in foreign trade, measured as before by comparing exports or imports against LINK HERE



112.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Omani expansion In Oman events took an independent course. The Ya'rubid dynasty--founded about 1624 when a member of the Ya'rub tr LINK HERE



113.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - MORE OPTIONS ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Tariffs A tariff, or duty, is a tax levied on a commodity when it crosses the boundary of a customs area. The boundary may be that of a natio LINK HERE



114.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade The Latin American Integration Association On Feb. 18, 1960, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay signed a treaty setting up the L LINK HERE



115.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - MORE OPTIONS ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade all economic transactions that are made between countries. Among the items commonly traded are consumer goods, such as television sets and cl LINK HERE



116.Lycos Research Center: Encyclopedia: SEMITIC LANGUAGES - Help Feedback Search for: Lycos Network: Tripod.com | Angelfire.com | MailCity.com | WhoWhere.com | HotBot.com All Sites... Click here to visit site Lycos Home > Reference > Research Center Funk LINK HERE



117.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - MORE OPTIONS ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade Toward a harmonization of policies Another fundamental aim of the Treaty of Rome was to achieve a general harmonization of national economic LINK HERE



118.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of Omani expansion In Oman events took an independent course. The Ya'rubid dynasty--founded about 1624 when a member of the Ya'rub tribe was elected imam--expe LINK HERE



119.Eratosthenes - Eratosthenes of Cyrene Born: 276 BC in Cyrene, North Africa (now Shahhat, Libya) Died: 194 BC in Alexandria, Egypt Previous (Chronologically) Next Biographies Index Previous (Alphabetically) Next Main LINK HERE



120.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - uk and Ottoman influence ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabia, history of The Iran-Iraq War A fresh threat to the rich oil states of the gulf arose with the revolution in Iran in 1978-79 and with the outb LINK HERE



122 Web sites were found in a search of the complete Lycos Web catalog 121.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - an error occurred while processing this directive [an error occurred while processing this directive ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA international trade The European Coal and Steel Community An important LINK HERE



122.Encyclop牘dia Britannica | article page - ENCYCLOP?DIA BRITANNICA Arabian religion Sources of modern knowledge Knowledge of pre-Islamic Arabia rests mainly on original archaeological and epigraphic data from the region itself. Countless pre- LINK HERE

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The Yemen Museum in Sana'a displays this stone. Ironically, it lists prophecies and prerequisited for the time to open the buried chamber, containing the "cabinet of El" and, presumably, the self-sacrificed son of Saba and Solomon, Menelik.


This stone was photographed as it is displayed in a prominent museum -- upside down -- with no idea of its translation or alphabet. A similar alphabet later developed in Ethiopia but misread many of the ligatures as letters and replaced many sound values with new sounds to accommodate an Arabic dialect. This is still in limited use today while this older form is used exclusively for religious and official writing. The Ethiopic script translates using Arabic dialects instead of Semitic. Using the First Tongue, Semitic root language and symbols, we can arrive at a somewhat fluid and lucid translation with some historical flavor.

The stone has been trimmed on both ends and notched in the center and appears to have been used as a building stone subsequent to its creation as part of a significant narrative mural. The resulting translation lacks these additional symbols making a precise translation impossible.

We hesitate to use the term "Semitic" because it really does not represent the root language that eventually evolved into what is commonly known as Semitic. We choose to call this "First Tongue" since it has been found in Australia, Chile and the United States with dates as old as 8000 BCE! The use of this script and dialect on this important construction appears to resonate with the contemporary use of Latin, Greek and other "dead languages" on public buildings, currency and official insignias.

Anyone who scrutinizes our work as it is presented here will acknowledge the intent of these inscriptions. We have intentionally been inexplicit in these details. Please review the on-going work in the links provided below.


Above, a work in progress.

Gary Vey

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The Inscriptions from Bilqis (Yemen) according to Dr. Jamme in 1962


Above is the first of many illustrations of the exterior wall of the Temple of Sheba, taken from W. F. Jamme's book, Sabaean Inscriptions from Mahram Bilqis (Marib), (1962). Most of the artifacts were photographed by Jamme himself and were gathered under restrictive circumstances owing to the territorial disputes that still continue in Yemen.

Jamme's methodology of transliteration is of interest to us because we have translated a small portion of these artifacts with an entirely different algorithm. We will attempt to show the difference in these two approaches.

We have determined the sound values for an assortment of letters based in the work of Dr. James Harris (BYU), who successfully translated numerous scripts in the Negev desert. Earlier forms of this script have also been found as far back as 8,000 years ago, which demonstrate the consistency of grammar and dialect. This discovery was not made when Jamme attempted his translations in 1962. He therefore relied on the Ethiopian sound values. Some sound values required for Arabic dialects are different from the proto-Semitic language that we believe was used when the older artifacts were made. Various letters in the relatively newer Ethiopian alphabet, which were Jamme's only resource, have been re-assigned to Arabic phonetics. But there are other errors as well.

The early language used characters called "ligatures" (a group of letters which are graphically combined to represent a more compact and unified shape). In the artifacts that we reviewed from Bilqis, we noted ligatures for such words as "EL" (the Lord), "BN" (the Son), "BL" (life, love), "TseL" (protection), while these ligatures have been assigned the status of single letter sounds in the Ethiopian version.


The artifacts pictured above attest to the use of ligatures in the older language. This "anomaly" on the left is the ligature for AT "chamber, cabinet, box, cell..." as in the Ark of the Covenant. Note that it appears to be immediately followed (to its left) by a ligature for EL "the Lord." In many instances the ligatures were used when the referenced word was repeated within the text or if it previously made reference to a person.

Jamme's methodology did not recognize the lamed as a vertical line and instead considered this line to indicate word or phrase breaks, as we would use punctuation. According to Jamme's tables, the gimmel of the older language is read as a lamed. Jamme also interprets the ligatures for "EL" to have the sound value of qof, and attributes an "S" sound to the ligature for "BN" and "BL."

It is then not too surprising that Jamme's results consist largely of complex personal names and alleged genealogies. He also reads the script from left-to-right, even when the "fonts" are reversed. It was the practice to alternate the direction in multi-lined texts so that the reader could scan the text in a zig-zag pattern. Confusion was avoided by writing the letters backwards on alternate lines. Jamme seems to have ignored this phenomenon. One can see the "Mem" and "Resh" to quickly determine the correct flow. By reading from left-to-right, Jamme was fortunate at least half of the time, but without using the correct sound values his translations are mundane at best.

Our methodology reads the script from right-to-left and alternates as the letters are mirrored. This provides a relatively smooth and meaningful translation without constant mention of personal names or tribes. The vertical line in our interpretation is a lamed and we recognize the word or phrase breaks as being marked by the vav, which resembles a dissected circle or can be two adjacent circles. This translates as "but, and, also..." and makes for some long run-on phrases that would enrage a modern editor.

The writers were careful to repeat their phrases and to use multiple ligatures to assist in the deciphering of these strings of letters. Since most words are devoid of vowels (except if the vowel falls outside of the last consonant) there are typically two letters to a word. Where there could be some ambiguity with similar adjacent letters, alternate forms of the letters will be used to denote word breaks. An example would be "the chamber underneath" AT-TT. This would be written similar to AtTT to allow the reader to see that the break is between the two forms of the letter. Otherwise this string of letters could possibly be interpreted as "the signal" ATT-T.

We have identified alternate forms for bet, chet, dalet, and tav in the Bilqis alphabet. The older examples of this script also employ alternates for peh, mem, nun, tsadeh and zayin. In addition, the script in North America and the Negev has used rotation of letters and repetition of the final consonant to to indicate phrase breaks. Undoubtedly some of the material at Bilqis was produced in the last two millennia and utilize the Ethiopian variant. This older language was buried, literally, and disappeared for almost 800 years, before emerging in Ethiopia with a new dialect and quickly spread back to Yemen. Our translations seem to state that this dormant interval was the result of events surrounding the only son of Queen Saba (Queen Sheba), Menelik, whose mother had her former palace and temple buried to prevent its destruction and pillage by invading nations (see transliteration below).

What has been translated thus far?

Using the algorithm that has been successful in translating numerous examples of this script from around the world, we have obtained the following information, quoted here from a letter sent to His Eminence, Abdulla Salleh, President of The Republic of Yemem.

Menelek (spelled MNLCC), the only son of Queen Saba (Queen Sheba) and Solomon, was depressed when he learned that his father's kingdom had been overcome and the Temple in Jerusalem was sacked. His grief was deep ("The happiness of the Son was poisoned...") and this worried his mother. Shortly after this invasion of Jerusalem, Menelik received word that the Ark of the Covenant (the "cell of the Lord" AT-EL), formerly housed in Solomon's Temple, was relocated to what is now Yemen and was in the protection of Menelik. The text refers to an "oath" that was taken by Menelik to protect the Ark, perhaps agreed upon when he visited Solomon several years earlier. Menelik also received a warning from Nathan, Menelik's half-brother, that the Ark could be harmful to his health and that it had caused vision problems and "trembling" (seizures?)when Nathan had attempted to interact with it. Menelik, however, had none of these adverse reactions and eagerly interacted with this object, constructing a special chamber underground in which he stored the Ark and conversed through it with the Lord. As the danger of invading neighbors became real for the kingdom of Saba, Menelik announced that the Ark had instructed him to enter the underground chamber with the Ark, and to have the entire construction covered with sand to conceal it and protect it from hostile forces. Menelik informed his mother, Queen Saba, that he would remain buried with the Ark for a long period of time.

Following her only son's instructions, Menelik was buried with the Ark. However, his mother had a chamber constructed adjacent to the Ark chamber and had a secret peephole ("...aperature...") installed so that she could monitor his condition while he was buried. She secretly planned to open the chamber and rescue her son should he be in peril. On many occasions, Queen Saba viewed her son inside the chamber and, on one occasion, noted that he was receiving a revelation of the future from the Ark, which made a sound like thunder. As she watched Menelik interact with the Ark, she noted that he trembled and shook from the visions that were being shown to him.

As time passed, the thundering noise and movement of her son ceased. On one occasion the Queen noted that a worm crawled out from the peephole. This suggested that Menelik had died. The Queen was determined to open the chamber and rescue her son but she recalled her promise to him and remembered his words, stating that he would be buried for "a long time." She wept ("...cried an ocean of tears...") that his vision of the future also included the realization that she had doubted his word and she prayed that he would forgive her for her doubts.

Determined to honor her son's wishes, Queen Saba had the chamber reinforced with stone and consulted with the builders and masons to design an enclosure that would protect the buried chamber from future earthquakes, floods, and other natural phenomenon. The chamber was thus made more sturdy and a large dam was constructed around the buried chamber to protect it from water and floods.

In the Yemen museum there is another stone which dictates the conditions that should exist prior to any attempt at opening the chamber. These include the occupation of the land by a "friendly" nation and the warning that the Ark must not be moved and should not be used for any national or personal benefit. The Ark is to be used for the benefit of mankind and petitions to the Lord are to be made by collective prayer in the area of the buried Chamber and through the "priest" of the Ark (Menelik?).

Following the burial of the chamber and the surrounding temple, Queen Saba "dimmed her kingdom" and moved to Ethiopia with the prohibition that the area where the Ark and Menelik were buried should be forgotten, lest future hostile nations and "blind prophets" should seek it out.


Additional translations are beginning to fill in the gaps of this remarkable story and we will present these as they are translated. .Gary Vey

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The translation program is only as good as the data which is entered. The sequence of letters is not covered by any known convention, and therefore some interpretation of the pattern is needed. Most, but not all, Colorado petroglyphs are read from right-to-left. With a stacked ligature, bottom-to-top reading is usually associated with references to God, while the reverse is true for earthly matters. With experience, complex ligatures can be successfully broken down into their correct sequence and will result in accurate translations. Distinguishing between word groups was accomplished by repeating the last letter in a word or phrase. A double letter, therefore, is a helpful indicator of the sequence with which old Negev alphabetical letters should be read. This rule is also not adhered to completely and some scripts simply end with no duplicity.


The photograph above is of the most famous "old Negev" script found in North America. Heavily chalked and scrutinized by the likes of Barry Fell and other epigraphers, no logical translation has ever been made and published of this script. Until now.

We are using McGlone's own drawings of this panel and have duplicated this below to allow the script to be seen more clearly.


You will note that we have broken the script into word groups, starting from the right and working towards the left. Translations can be verified by using the on-line negev translation program. We will explain each section here.

Section 1 consists of a ligature formed by the letters Tsadeh and Lamed.

Tsel =shadow, shade, protection. Section 2 consists of a large Yod. This is interpreted as a shorthand for OY! or a sign of exclamation. Thus, the first word group is being emphasized (i.e. "Shade!") Section 3 begins with a horizontal Lamed. This indicates that the Lamed is to be read as a preposition "of, at, to, for..." The remaining ligature consists of a Khaf+two Lameds, followed by a large Yod. KLLY= for the public, general, commonplace person... Section 4 consists of two vertical Lameds.

LUL=were it not for... or because of... provided by... Section 5 shows a curved Resh followed by an extended ligature of Khaf plus Alef plus Lamed.

Rakka El = temple of El. Section 6 consists of a single Lamed, followed by two Nun.

Lina = lodgings or accommodations (literally, "stay the night!").


So far, this group of signs appears to be a sort of advertisement for staying, in effect, ...at the temple of "El" protection, shade and accommodations are provided to the general public... All of these translations were made by converting the "old Negev" symbols into their corresponding Hebrew sounds and then using a Hebrew to English lexicon which is encoded in the Negev translation program. Although the program is not entirely complete, most of the common words will be found if it is used correctly. Hopefully this will further the effort to gain acceptance by traditional historians by first gaining the support of non-scholastics who can translate these important links to our past with a minimum of bias.

Viewzone would like to hear from any attempts at translating in the field. We hope to share more detailed transcripts in the near future.