Template:Music

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{{Music}} renders Western music notation of various types into Wikibooks and improves cross-browser support for music symbols.

Accidentals[edit]

The template correctly renders Unicode sharps (), flats (), and natural signs () in Internet Explorer which would otherwise display empty squares unless a full Unicode font is chosen in its Preferences. The choice of fonts also improves the rendering in other browsers on Microsoft Windows such as Mozilla Firefox. See the tables below to compare the results in your current browser. The template makes use of SVG to display double flat (double flat), double sharp (double sharp), and microtonal signs since the corresponding Unicode characters are not widely supported.

Symbol Unicode
entity
Unicode
result
Template
text
Template
result
Flat ♭ {{music|flat}}
or {{music|b}}
or {{music|}}
Natural ♮ {{music|natural}}
or {{music|}}
Sharp ♯ {{music|sharp}}
or {{music|#}}
or {{music|}}
Double
flat
𝄫 𝄫 {{music|doubleflat}}
or {{music|bb}}
or {{music|𝄫}}
double flat
Double sharp 𝄪 𝄪 {{music|doublesharp}}
or {{music|##}}
or {{music|𝄪}}
double sharp
Half
flat
𝄳 𝄳 {{music|halfflat}}
or {{music|d}}
half flat
Half
sharp
𝄲 𝄲 {{music|halfsharp}}
or {{music|t}}
half sharp
Flat
stroke
𝄳 𝄳 {{music|flatstroke}} flat stroke
Three quarter flat {{music|threequarterflat}}
or {{music|db}}
three quarter flat
Three quarter sharp {{music|threequartersharp}}
or {{music|#t}}
three quarter sharp
Sample text

The C crops up very early in Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E.

Notes and rests[edit]

Symbol Unicode
entity
Unicode
result
Template
text
Template
result
Whole
note
𝅝 𝅝 {{music|wholenote}}
or {{music|whole}}
or {{music|semibreve}}
whole note
Half
note
𝅗𝅥 𝅗𝅥 {{music|halfnote}}
or {{music|half}}
or {{music|minim}}
half note
Quarter
note
𝅘𝅥 𝅘𝅥 {{music|quarternote}}
or {{music|quarter}}
or {{music|crotchet}}
quarter note
Eighth
note
𝅘𝅥𝅮 𝅘𝅥𝅮 {{music|eighthnote}}
or {{music|eighth}}
or {{music|quaver}}
eighth note
Sixteenth
note
𝅘𝅥𝅯 𝅘𝅥𝅯 {{music|sixteenthnote}}
or {{music|sixteenth}}
or {{music|semiquaver}}
sixteenth note
Dot . . {{music|dot}} dot
Dotted quarter
note
𝅘𝅥𝅯. 𝅘𝅥𝅯. {{music|dottedquarter}}
or {{music|dottedcrotchet}}
dotted quarter
Whole
rest
𝄻 𝄻 {{music|wholerest}}
or {{music|semibreverest}}
whole rest
Half
rest
𝄼 𝄼 {{music|halfrest}}
or {{music|minimrest}}
half rest
Quarter
rest
𝄽 𝄽 {{music|quarterrest}}
or {{music|crotchetrest}}
quarter rest
Eighth
rest
𝄾 𝄾 {{music|eighthrest}}
or {{music|quaverrest}}
eighth rest
Sixteenth
rest
𝄿 𝄿 {{music|sixteenthrest}}
or {{music|semiquaverrest}}
sixteenth rest

Some browsers support ♩ (♩) and ♪ (♪) for quarter and eighth notes, but since the display is often ugly and does not match any of the other (non-supported) notes and rests, this template does not use these characters.

Sample text

In place of the single whole note (whole note), Chopin writes eighth rest half note quarter note eighth note, completely changing the profile of the music.

Clefs[edit]

Symbol Template
text
Template
result
Treble
clef
{{music|treble}}
or {{music|trebleclef}}
treble clef
G-clef {{music|gclef}} G clef
Alto
clef
{{music|alto}}
or {{music|altoclef}}
alto clef
Tenor
clef
{{music|tenor}}
or {{music|tenorclef}}
tenor clef
C-clef {{music|cclef}} C clef
Bass
clef
{{music|bass}}
or {{music|bassclef}}
bass clef
F-clef {{music|fclef}} F clef

Note that there is no graphical distinction between treble clef and G-clef; alto clef, tenor clef and C-clef; bass clef and F-clef. The names preserve a difference in meaning and make the caption text (for screen readers) different.

Time signatures[edit]

Symbol Template
text
Template
result
common-time {{music|common-time}} common time
cut-time {{music|cut-time}}
or {{music|alle-breve}}
cut time

Scale degrees[edit]

Scale degrees are often represented as Arabic numerals with a hat on them and thus the root of a scale is scale degree 1.

Scale degree Template
text
Template
result
1 {{music|scale|1}} scale degree 1
2 {{music|scale|2}} scale degree 2
3 {{music|scale|3}} scale degree 3
4 {{music|scale|4}} scale degree 4
5 {{music|scale|5}} scale degree 5
6 {{music|scale|6}} scale degree 6
7 {{music|scale|7}} scale degree 7
8 {{music|scale|8}} scale degree 8
9 {{music|scale|9}} scale degree 9
Sample text

A descending tetrachord could be written as scale degree 4-scale degree 3-scale degree 2-scale degree 1.

Chord symbols[edit]

Chord Template
text
Template
result
Diminished {{music|dim}}
or {{music|dimdeg}}
o
or °
Half-diminished {{music|halfdim}}
or {{music|dimslash}}
ø
Sample text

viio becomes viiø in B minor by raising the G to G