Template:Infobox scientist

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Infobox scientist may be used to summarize information about a person who is a scientist, medic, engineer, mathematician, or academic.

Usage

{{{name}}}
[[Image:{{{image}}}|{{{image_size}}}|alt={{{alt}}}|{{{caption}}}]]
{{{caption}}}
Born {{{birth_date}}}
{{{birth_place}}}
Died {{{death_date}}}
{{{death_place}}}
Residence {{{residence}}}
Citizenship {{{citizenship}}}
Nationality {{{nationality}}}
Fields {{{fields}}}
Institutions {{{workplaces}}}
Alma mater {{{alma_mater}}}
Doctoral advisor {{{doctoral_advisor}}}
Other academic advisors {{{academic_advisors}}}
Doctoral students {{{doctoral_students}}}
Other notable students {{{notable_students}}}
Known for {{{known_for}}}
Influences {{{influences}}}
Influenced {{{influenced}}}
Notable awards {{{awards}}}
Author abbreviation (botany) {{{author_abbrev_bot}}}
Author abbreviation (zoology) {{{author_abbrev_zoo}}}
Signature
[[Image:{{{signature}}}|128px|alt={{{signature_alt}}}|{{{name}}}'s signature]]
Notes
{{{footnotes}}}

Blank

This infobox may be added by copy-pasting the template as shown below into an article.

{{Infobox scientist
| name              = 
| image             = <!--(filename only)-->
| image_size        = 
| alt               = 
| caption           = 
| birth_date        = 
| birth_place       = 
| death_date        = 
| death_place       = 
| residence         = 
| citizenship       = 
| nationality       = 
| fields            = 
| workplaces        = 
| alma_mater        = 
| doctoral_advisor  = 
| academic_advisors = 
| doctoral_students = 
| notable_students  = 
| known_for         = 
| author_abbrev_bot = 
| author_abbrev_zoo = 
| influences        = 
| influenced        = 
| awards            = 
| signature         = <!--(filename only)-->
| signature_alt     = 
| footnotes         = 
}}

Parameters

All parameters are optional. (If no name is provided, the infobox defaults to the page's name.)

Parameter Explanation
name Insert name of scientist, mathematician or engineer. Note: Do not add icons or other images.
image Filename of appropriate image.
image_size Image's width (defaults to 225x250px).
alt Image alt text, for visually impaired readers.
caption Image caption. If known, include date the image made and/or creator.
birth_date Scientist's date of birth.
birth_place Place of birth (e.g. town/city, region, country).
death_date Date of death.
death_place Place of death (e.g. town/city, region, country).
residence Place or places where the scientist lived (for significant periods).
citizenship Scientist's citizenship.
nationality Use if nationality not the same as citizenship above.
fields Scientist's major occupation field (physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, etc.)
workplaces Key work places, universities, companies, etc.
alma_mater University or universities where scientist obtained their degree or degrees.
doctoral_advisor Name of scientist's doctoral advisor, if applicable.
academic_advisors Names of any significant educational advisors (other than doctoral advisor).
doctoral_students Names of any notable doctoral students advised by the scientist.
notable_students Names of any notable non-doctoral students advised by the scientist.
known_for Key topics/areas of study in which the scientist notable.
author_abbrev_bot If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here.
author_abbrev_zoo If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here.
influences Any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly.
influenced Any notable people significantly influenced by the scientist.
awards Notable awards/prizes received by the scientist.
signature Filename of an image of the scientist's signature (if available).
signature_alt Alt text for signature.
footnotes For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above.
box_width Use to set infobox's width (defaults to 26em).

Examples

Paul Dirac
Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
Born August 8, 1902(1902-08-08)
Bristol, England
Died October 20, 1984 (aged 82)
Tallahassee, Florida, USA
Residence United Kingdom, United States
Nationality United Kingdom
Fields Physicist (theoretical)
Institutions Cambridge University, Florida State University
Alma mater University of Bristol, Cambridge University
Doctoral advisor Ralph Fowler
Doctoral students Homi Bhabha, Harish Chandra Mehrotra, Dennis Sciama, Behram Kurşunoğlu, John Polkinghorne, Per-Olov Löwdin
Known for Seminal contributions to quantum mechanics
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1933)
{{Infobox scientist
| name              = Paul Dirac
| image             =Dirac_4.jpg
| image_size        = 140px
| alt               = Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
| caption           = <!--(not needed as image is straightforward portrait)-->
| birth_date        = {{birth date|1902|8|8|mf=y}}
| birth_place       = Bristol, England
| death_date        = {{death date and age|1984|10|20|1902|8|8}}
| death_place       = Tallahassee, Florida, USA
| residence         = United Kingdom, United States
| nationality       = United Kingdom
| fields            = Physicist (theoretical)
| workplaces        = Cambridge University, Florida State University
| alma_mater        = University of Bristol, Cambridge University
| doctoral_advisor  = Ralph Fowler
| doctoral_students = Homi Bhabha, Harish Chandra Mehrotra, Dennis Sciama, Behram Kurşunoğlu, John Polkinghorne, Per-Olov Löwdin
| known_for         = Seminal contributions to quantum mechanics
| awards            = Nobel Prize in Physics (1933)
| footnotes         = 
}}

Usage guidelines

box_width
This is most commonly set to 300px, which is recommended. Smaller widths tend to not allow enough space for the fields and often result in too much line wrap-around. The nowrap command is useful when some long names appear in the fields.
name
This is the name that scientist was usually known by. Do not put the full expanded name here.
image
This is the portrait or photo of the scientist. If there is a choice between good images, chose the one from a period where the scientist's work flourished. Avoid photos where the scientist was a child or very elderly, unless there is nothing else available.
image_size
This is normally set to 300px, but should be reduced appropriately if the resolution of the photo is poor.
alt
This should describe only the visual appearance of the image, for visually-impaired readers. It should not repeat the caption.
caption
The caption should contain the full expanded name of the scientist, year or birth and death, if available, and any relevant details about the photo or portrait.
birth_date
Birth date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientist's age.
birth_place
Birth place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country.
death_date
Death date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientists age.
death_place
Death place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country. Note: this is the place where the person died, which might be different from burial place.
residence
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. These are places where the scientist lived for significant periods. The intention is that these are countries of domicile. Do not include countries where the scientist temporarily resided for brief collaboration or study leave.
citizenship
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. This is the scientist's citizenship, which often can be different from country of domicile or residency.
nationality
List country only. Only insert this if it is different from citizenship.
fields
This is the occupation field, e.g. mathematician, physicist, surgeon, physician, engineer etc. Do not put 'scientist' as it is not specific enough. You can insert more than one occupation if the scientist worked in different fields.
workplaces
List the key work places, universities, companies, organizations etc. that the scientist worked at. The intention is to not list minor places that the scientist performed collaborative visits at. The intention is to list places where the scientist was officially appointed with a payroll (ie. don't list places that represent adjunct appointments).
alma_mater
List the universities where the scientist obtained all his/her degrees from. In anomalous cases where a degree was carried out remotely or in a different university to the university that administered the degree, insert the administering university. The main article can then discuss the specific situation.
doctoral_advisor
If the scientist obtained a PhD, insert the doctoral advisor(s). Otherwise leave blank.
academic_advisors
Insert names of significant academic teachers other than the doctoral advisor: e.g. Master's advisor, postdoctoral supervisor, significant undergraduate mentor/teacher etc. In Cambridge, before 1919, there was no PhD and so you can insert the relevant Cambridge tutor.
doctoral_students
Insert names of doctoral students supervised by the scientist. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out. It can be reinstated once such an article appears. The idea is to list only those students who are significant enough to warrant their own article.
notable_students
Insert names of any notable non-doctoral students taught or supervised by the scientist. These can be undergraduates, postdocs, masters students etc. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out.
known_for
Insert the key topics/areas for which the scientist is notable, e.g. 'discovering the electron'. In the case of prolific scientists, preferably list the discoveries named after the scientist, e.g. 'Maxwell's equations'. In the case where a scientist is so prolific that a whole wiki article listing the discoveries exists, then you may insert a simple link to that page with the words 'see list'.
author_abbrev_bot
If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
author_abbrev_zoo
If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
influences
List names of any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly. The intention is to only list those influences that had physical contact with the scientist. Do not insert those influences that were not in person (e.g. via study of works or books) as this is more tenuous and there are generally too many for each scientist. Only list those who are notable enough to warrant a wiki page.
influenced
List names of any notable people who were significantly influenced by the scientist. The intention is to only list those that were influenced by physical contact with the scientist. Only list those who are notable enough to warrant a wiki page.
awards
List major awards. Put year of award in brackets after name of award. Insert a line break after each award. Avoid awards that are not significant enough to withstand their own wiki article description.
signature
Filename of an image of the scientist's handwritten signature (if available).
signature_alt
Alt text for the signature. Typically this is just the text of the signature, e.g., "Is. Newton" for File:Isaac Newton signature.svg.
footnotes
For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above. This section is also often used to add extra notable items, typically, if the scientist is a relative of another person with a wiki article.
common errors to avoid
* Always copy and paste the infobox template from here, not another page, in order to guarantee the full correct version.* If a field does not apply leave it blank. Do not delete it. This is because is acts as a place holder and future editors may find a field applies after all. You may put a comment in the blank field that it is not applicable if you are sure of this.

Microformat

The HTML markup produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the person's details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia or via a browser tool operated by a reader, to (for example) add the subject to an address book or database. For more information about the use of w:microformats on Wikimedia projects, please see the microformat project.

Sub-templates

Date-of-birth ("bday") information will only be included in the microformat if {{Birth date}}, or {{Birth date and age}}, are used in the infobox. (but do not use these if the date is before 1583).

To include a URL, use {{URL}}.

Please do not remove instances of these sub-templates.

Classes

hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • adr
  • agent
  • bday
  • birthplace
  • category
  • country-name
  • deathdate
  • deathplace
  • extended-address
  • family-name
  • fn (required)
  • given-name
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • label
  • locality
  • n
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • role
  • url
  • vcard

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.