Spanish/Verb Phrases

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Hay que y tener que[edit]

Tener que + infinitive[edit]

Tener que + infinitive—To have to do something 

Simply conjugate tener, add que, and then add the infinitive of what has to be done.

Ejemplos (Examples)[edit]

Tengo que limpiar mi dormitorio.

I have to clean my room.

Maribel tiene que salir para escuela.

Maribel has to leave for school.

Hay que + infinitive[edit]

Hay que+ infinitive--It is obligatory to do something
This verb phrase is similar to the above.  However, you don't have to conjugate hay.

Ejemplos[edit]

Hay que estudiar en la clase de ingles.
It is necessary to study in English class.
Hay que practicar

Contrasting Uses of "Hay que" and "Tengo que"[edit]

"Hay que" is used for impersonal expressions whereas "Tener que" always has a subject.
Juan tiene una prueba de ingles el viernes. Él tiene que estudiar.
Juan has a quiz in English on Friday. He has to study.
No es fácil aprender el ingles. Hay que estudiar mucho.
It isn't easy to learn English. It is necessary to study a lot.

Ir a + infinitive[edit]

Ir a + infinitive--To be going to do something

This verb phrase is used to say that someone is going to do something in the future. It is often used as an alternative to the future tense.

Ejemplos[edit]

Voy a viajar en México.
I am going to Vacation in Mexico OR I will vacation in Mexico. (same thing)
Vamos a estudiar por el examen en ingles.
We are going to study for our English exam.

Acabar de + infinitive[edit]

Acabar + de + infinitive = to have just (verb in preterite)

'Just' here means very recently in the past.

Por ejemplo:

Acabo de ir al cine. - I have just gone to the movies.

Acabas de hacer la tarea - You just have done the homework.

Tener ganas de[edit]

Tener: to have
Tener ganas de: to want to, to feel like

Tengo ganas de ir al parque. >> I feel like going to the park.

¿Tienes ganas de bailar? >> Do you feel like dancing?

Tener + ganas de + infinitivo >> to feel like (doing) ...

Conjugate tener, add "ganas de" and the infinitive of the action verb.

Note: The verb "ganar" means to earn, to win, or to gain. Joined with the verb "tener" it means to feel like.