Sewing/Fabric

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Variety of fabric. From the left: evenweave cotton, velvet, printed cotton, calico, felt, satin, silk, hessian, polycotton.

Terms[edit]

Face 
the right side of the fabric
Selvage 
finished edges
Raw edge 
unfinished edges
Grain 
the direction of the nap
Nap 
Bias 
Warp 
Weft 
Bolt 

Preparing Fabric[edit]

Always wash and press all fabric before sewing with it. New fabric will usually shrink a certain amount. Marking of patterns must be done on quite flat (well-pressed) fabric, as creases will distort the shape of the chalked pattern.