SQL Exercises/Employee management

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Relational Schema[edit]

Sql employee management.png Select * from RATS

Exercises[edit]

Select the last name of all employees.

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SELECT LastName FROM Employees;


Select the last name of all employees, without duplicates.

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SELECT DISTINCT LastName FROM Employees;


Select all the data of employees whose last name is "Smith".

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SELECT * FROM Employees WHERE LastName = 'Smith';


Select all the data of employees whose last name is "Smith" or "Doe".

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/* With OR */
SELECT * FROM Employees
  WHERE LastName = 'Smith' OR LastName = 'Doe';

/* With IN */
SELECT * FROM Employees
  WHERE LastName IN ('Smith' , 'Doe');


Select all the data of employees that work in department 14.

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SELECT * FROM Employees WHERE Department = 14;


Select all the data of employees that work in department 37 or department 77.

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/* With OR */
SELECT * FROM Employees
  WHERE Department = 37 OR Department = 77;

/* With IN */
SELECT * FROM Employees
  WHERE Department IN (37,77);


Select all the data of employees whose last name begins with an "S".

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SELECT * FROM Employees
  WHERE LastName LIKE 'S%';


Select the sum of all the departments' budgets.

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SELECT SUM(Budget) FROM Departments;


Select the number of employees in each department (you only need to show the department code and the number of employees).

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SELECT Department, COUNT(*)
  FROM Employees
  GROUP BY Department;


Select all the data of employees, including each employee's department's data.

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SELECT SSN, E.Name AS Name_E, LastName, D.Name AS Name_D, Department, Code, Budget
 FROM Employees E INNER JOIN Departments D
 ON E.Department = D.Code;


Select the name and last name of each employee, along with the name and budget of the employee's department.

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/* Without labels */
SELECT Employees.Name, LastName, Departments.Name AS DepartmentsName, Budget
  FROM Employees INNER JOIN Departments
  ON Employees.Department = Departments.Code;

/* With labels */
SELECT E.Name, LastName, D.Name AS DepartmentsName, Budget
  FROM Employees E INNER JOIN Departments D
  ON E.Department = D.Code;


Select the name and last name of employees working for departments with a budget greater than $60,000.

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/* Without subquery */
SELECT Employees.Name, LastName
  FROM Employees INNER JOIN Departments
  ON Employees.Department = Departments.Code
    AND Departments.Budget > 60000;

/* With subquery */
SELECT Name, LastName FROM Employees
  WHERE Department IN
  (SELECT Code FROM Departments WHERE Budget > 60000);


Select the departments with a budget larger than the average budget of all the departments.

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SELECT *
  FROM Departments
  WHERE Budget >
  (
    SELECT AVG(Budget)
    FROM Departments
  );


Select the names of departments with more than two employees.

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/* With subquery */
SELECT Name FROM Departments
  WHERE Code IN
  (
    SELECT Department
      FROM Employees
      GROUP BY Department
      HAVING COUNT(*) > 2
  );

/* With UNION. This assumes that no two departments have
   the same name */
SELECT Departments.Name
  FROM Employees INNER JOIN Departments
  ON Department = Code
  GROUP BY Departments.Name
  HAVING COUNT(*) > 2;


Select the name and last name of employees working for departments with second lowest budget.

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/* With subquery */
SELECT e.Name, e.LastName
FROM Employees e 
WHERE e.Department = (
       SELECT sub.Code 
       FROM (SELECT * FROM Departments d ORDER BY d.budget LIMIT 2) sub 
       ORDER BY budget DESC LIMIT 1);
/* With subquery */
SELECT Name, LastName 
FROM Employees 
WHERE Department IN (
  SELECT Code 
  FROM Departments 
  WHERE Budget = (
    SELECT TOP 1 Budget 
    FROM Departments 
    WHERE Budget IN (
      SELECT DISTINCT TOP 2 Budget 
      FROM Departments 
     ORDER BY Budget ASC
    ) 
    ORDER BY Budget DESC
  )
);


Add a new department called "Quality Assurance", with a budget of $40,000 and departmental code 11. Add an employee called "Mary Moore" in that department, with SSN 847-21-9811.

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INSERT INTO Departments
  VALUES ( 11 , 'Quality Assurance' , 40000);

INSERT INTO Employees
  VALUES ( '847219811' , 'Mary' , 'Moore' , 11);


/*Note: Quoting numbers in SQL works but is bad practice. SSN should not be quoted it is an integer.*/


Reduce the budget of all departments by 10%.

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UPDATE Departments SET Budget = Budget * 0.9;


Reassign all employees from the Research department (code 77) to the IT department (code 14).

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UPDATE Employees SET Department = 14 WHERE Department = 77;


Delete from the table all employees in the IT department (code 14).

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DELETE FROM Employees
  WHERE Department = 14;


Delete from the table all employees who work in departments with a budget greater than or equal to $60,000.

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DELETE FROM Employees
  WHERE Department IN
  (
    SELECT Code FROM Departments
      WHERE Budget >= 60000
  );


Delete from the table all employees.

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DELETE FROM Employees;

Table creation code[edit]

 CREATE TABLE Departments (
   Code INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
   Name TEXT NOT NULL ,
   Budget REAL NOT NULL 
 );
 
 CREATE TABLE Employees (
   SSN INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
   Name TEXT NOT NULL ,
   LastName TEXT NOT NULL ,
   Department INTEGER NOT NULL , 
   CONSTRAINT fk_Departments_Code FOREIGN KEY(Department) 
   REFERENCES Departments(Code)
 );


Click to see MySQL syntax.
CREATE TABLE Departments (
  Code INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
  Name varchar(255) NOT NULL ,
  Budget decimal NOT NULL 
);

CREATE TABLE Employees (
  SSN INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
  Name varchar(255) NOT NULL ,
  LastName varchar(255) NOT NULL ,
  Department INTEGER NOT NULL , 
  foreign key (department) references Departments(Code) 
) ENGINE=INNODB;

Sample dataset[edit]

INSERT INTO Departments(Code,Name,Budget) VALUES(14,'IT',65000);
INSERT INTO Departments(Code,Name,Budget) VALUES(37,'Accounting',15000);
INSERT INTO Departments(Code,Name,Budget) VALUES(59,'Human Resources',240000);
INSERT INTO Departments(Code,Name,Budget) VALUES(77,'Research',55000);

INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('123234877','Michael','Rogers',14);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('152934485','Anand','Manikutty',14);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('222364883','Carol','Smith',37);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('326587417','Joe','Stevens',37);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('332154719','Mary-Anne','Foster',14);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('332569843','George','ODonnell',77);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('546523478','John','Doe',59);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('631231482','David','Smith',77);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('654873219','Zacary','Efron',59);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('745685214','Eric','Goldsmith',59);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('845657245','Elizabeth','Doe',14);
INSERT INTO Employees(SSN,Name,LastName,Department) VALUES('845657246','Kumar','Swamy',14);