SAASTE Technology/Activities/Electronic Circuits

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SAASTE Technology
Key Concepts
Grade 4 - Grade 5 - Grade 6 - Grade 7 - Grade 8 - Grade 9
Modules
Processing Grade 8/9 - Mechanical Systems Grade 9 - Structures Grade 5 - Structures Grade 8
Activities
Conductors & Insulators - Electronic Circuits - AND & OR Gates - Circuit/Systems Diagram - Hydraulics - Hydraulics & Pneumatics - Technological Products - Preservation-1 - Identifying Materials - Properties of Materials - Preservation-2 - Electroplating - Conditioning-Strengthening/Waterproofing-1 - Conditioning-Strengthening\Waterproofing-2 - Shaping - Forming - Forces - Types of Structures - Mechanisms Worksheet

Electrical System

Grade 9

Electronics[edit]

You will need the following component / Parts

Resistors (all ¼ Watt 5% carbon)

  • R1 - 680 Ohm
  • R2 - 4,7 K Ohm
  • R3 - 2,7 M Ohm (for activity 4)

Semiconductor

  • Q1 - BC337 (or equivalent)
  • LED 1- 5mm
  • LED 2 - 5mm infra red detector
  • LED (for activity 4)

A Resistor Colour Code Chart is available on the last page of this document.

Connect / build the circuit shown in the diagram below:

File:SA NC Saaste Activities 2.png

Note: The fly lead is simply a short length (approx. 10cm) of conductive wire (with both ends stripped of insulation)

Activity 1:[edit]

Attach the loose end of the fly lead to the negative (-) side of the battery and observe the output.

Now remove the fly lead and attach to the positive (+) side of the output and observe the output.

Activity 2:[edit]

Disconnect the fly lead from the battery. Touch the end of the fly lead with your bare fingers.

What do you observe?

  • ...........................................................................................................
  • ............................................................................................................

Activity 3:[edit]

Connect another fly lead as shown in the circuit diagram below:

SA NC Saaste Activities 3.png

Insert both fly leads into a beaker containing water and observe the output.

Activity 4:[edit]

Use your original circuit and extend it by connecting LED 2 and R3 as shown in the circuit diagram below:

File:SA NC Saaste Activities 4.png

LED 2 - 5mm. infra red detector LED R 3 - 2,7 MΩ

Use any remote control (from a TV, Hi-Fi etc.). Bring it close to LED 2. Press any button on the remote control and observe the output.

Note: An LED is a transducer: it converts energy from one form to another

Component data:

  • R1 - Blue, grey, brown, gold
  • R2 - Yellow, violet, red, gold
  • R3 - Red, violet, green, gold

Note: 5%(gold), 10%(silver) or 20%(no 4th band) resistors may be used

The colours for the 4, 7 KΩ resistor was worked out like this: Each number of the value of the resistor correspond to the three bands on the one end of the resistor.

4 in the first band = yellow 7 in the second band = violet K in the third band would be orange. Because there is a decimal place (comma) between the 4 & 7, we move one decimal place and now have 2 zeros which correspond to red.

Try working out the colours for the following resistors: 47 KΩ, 50Ω, 330Ω , 100Ω , 560Ω , 390Ω.

Semiconductors:

File:SA NC Saaste Activities 5.png


Transistor Q1: BC 337:

File:SA NC Saaste Activities 6.png

B-Base; C-Collector; E-Emitter

Glossary=[edit]

Resistor: An electronic component which slows or reduces the current and/or creates a voltage drop

L.E.D. (Light Emitting Diode): A special diode which emits light when a current flows through it.

Transistor: An electronic component which may be used as a switch or as an amplifier. They are broadly divided into PNP and NPN (the BC 337 used above is an NPN transistor)

Infra-red: A narrow band of the light spectrum invisible to the naked eye.

Anode: Positive

Cathode: Negative

Author: Ricardo Miller

Contributions by Osman Sadeck

Editor: Osman Sadeck