Rexx Programming/How to Rexx/case conversion

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The rexx scripting language does not provide dedicated functions for converting strings to uppercase or to lowercase. However, there are solutions available:

Converting a string to uppercase[edit]

If the translate function is used with only one argument is used, it will convert all alphabetical characters in a string to uppercase:

mystring="I want to go to the BIG APPLE"
ustring = translate(mystring)
say ustring

Converting a string to lowercase[edit]

Conversion to lowercase lettering is a bit more tricky, because there is no dedicated inbuilt function for lowercase conversion. In order to translate a string into lowercase, it is necessary to provide a set of uppercase and lowercase letters, and use the translate function to perform conversion:

upper = 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ'
lower = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'
mystring="I want to go to the BIG APPLE"
lstring = translate(mystring, lower, upper)
say lstring

Converting a string using PIPE[edit]

If the PIPE commands are available, there is a stage called XLATE which can provide case conversion.

name = 'eric'
'PIPE VAR name | XLATE UPPER | VAR name'
SAY name                                            Shows 'ERIC'
name = 'ERIC'
'PIPE VAR name | XLATE LOWER | VAR name'
SAY name                                            Shows 'eric'
name = 'eric'
'PIPE VAR name | XLATE 1 UPPER | VAR name'
SAY name                                            Shows 'Eric'
name = 'ERIC'
'PIPE VAR name | XLATE 2-4 LOWER | VAR name'
SAY name                                            Shows 'Eric'