Radiation Oncology/EMPD

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Extramammary Paget's Disease


Overview[edit]

  • Intraepithelial neoplasm with glandular differentiation
  • Morphologically the same as Paget's disease of the breast, but unlike in the nipple, there is only rarely an underlying malignancy. It appears to be a primary epithelial malignancy
  • Areas of involvement: peno-scrotal area, perineum, perianal area, vulva, axillae, groin, umbilicus, eyelid
  • Tends to arise in sites where apocrine glands are present in high concentration
  • In cases with an underlying malignancy (~20% of cases), it is often a cutaneous adnexal carcinoma, usually of apocrine or eccrine glands
  • Presenting symptoms: pruritus, scaly eczematous lesion
  • Histology shows presence of Paget cells, which are large cells with abundant basophilic cytoplasm and a large hyperchromatic and pleomorphic nucleus. Staining positive for CEA, CK7, EMA, and CAM 5.2; may also show overexpression of Her2
  • Internal malignancies (e.g. colon, ovarian) may be associated in 10-20%
  • Primary treatment is surgery, but margin may be diffuse and difficult to clear. Suggested margins have been 3-5cm, Mohs should be considered
  • RT reasonable alternative if patient not a surgical candidate

Literature[edit]

  • Hong Kong; 2007 PMID 17665242 -- "Extramammary Paget's Disease in Chinese Males: A 21-year Experience." (Chiu TW, World J Surg. 2007 Oct;31(10):1941-6.)
    • Retrospective.
    • Outcome: recurrence rate 35% (simple WLE 60% vs. intraop frozen sections 25%)