Myers-Briggs Type Indicator/ENFP
|Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Introduction | Four polar dimensions: E/I, S/N, T/F, J/P | Four basic temperaments: SJ, SP, NT, NF | The sixteen types
QuickTyping | At work | Criticisms | Further reading
ENFPs are outgoing and talkative types who often have many diverse friends. They are naturally irreverent, curious, good with words, creative, and even a bit artsy. They favor abstraction over detail and tend to flit from one activity to the next, deriving more pleasure from starting projects than from finishing them.
ENFPs at work
ENFPs are sponges of knowledge. Curiously collecting information about life's experiences as fodder for their own stories, they live their lives much like a dramatic character in a movie, delighting in finding irony and drama in life situations wherever they go. They interpret the data they gather from people and the world in the form of inner meanings, relationships, and possibilities, often recounting their ideas to people though conversation. They love to spread the word! ENFPs, NFs, are interested in many different things and this often leads them in multiple directions, therefore they are known for changing jobs and even careers frequently. ENFPs prefer to make work fun and have been known to put off work when there is a chance to have fun. ENFPs prefer environments which have little administrative or detailed work. Delegation to reliable support staff is important for success. ENFPs seek out jobs not confined by strict schedules and mundane tasks. According to Keirsey, the "Idealists" want to make the world a better place to live by helping others and are on a search for their "true self". Integrity, ideals, beliefs, and values matter to ENFPs. ENFP's practice and dream about being the best at what ever they seek to achieve. They want to KNOW everything!
ENFPs generally have the following traits:
* Project-oriented * Bright and capable * Warmly, genuinely interested in people; great people skills * Extremely intuitive and perceptive about people * Able to relate to people on their own level * Service-oriented; likely to put the needs of others above their own * Future-oriented * Dislike performing routine tasks * Need approval and appreciation from others * Cooperative and friendly * Creative and energetic * Well-developed verbal and written communication skills * Natural leaders, but do not like to control people * Resist being controlled by others * Can work logically and rationally - use their intuition to understand the goal and work backwards towards it * Usually able to grasp difficult concepts and theories
Common careers for ENFPs are those which allow flexibility and spontaneity while serving others. This includes teaching, general practice of medicine, medical research, religious fields, entrepreneurship, missionary work, social work, community development, creative arts, acting, broadcasting, consulting, coaching, corporate training, public relations, counseling, advertising, and marketing. They enjoy working for themselves and creating new ideas to help people. The perfect job for an ENFP is one where they would give out useful information to others and they would receive several hundred dollars per hour for that service.
ENFPs in relationships
ENFPs are energized by being around people. ENFPs take their relationships very seriously. ENFPs seek and demand authenticity and depth in their personal relationships, and will put forth a lot of effort into making things work out. ENFPs are generally warm, considerate, affirming, nurturing, and highly invested in the health of the relationship. ENFPs have excellent interpersonal skills, and are able to inspire and motivate others to be the best that they can be. ENFPs are generally highly valued for their genuine warmth and high ideals.
ENFPs want to help, to be liked, and to be admired by other people on both an individual and a humanitarian level. ENFPs hold up their end of relationships, sometimes being victimized by less caring individuals.
ENFPs are well aware of their weaknesses, often being their own harshest critic; they may sarcastically put themselves down before others do, because secretly they may expect to be humiliated. Often the ENFP is reluctant to share intimate feelings unless in the company of deeply trusted relationships. Despite being extroverts, ENFPs require a great deal of alone time to center themselves. ENFPs are strongly influenced by the opinions of others. ENFPs can exhibit preoccupation in their relationships, sometimes putting "all their eggs in one basket" and can tend to hyper focus on the other individual, in attempts to "fix" the other person or pull out their "real" emotions, transforming them into the perfect person. ENFPs may feel very anxious and preoccupied if the other partner is silent, non expressive, or withdrawn when coping with stress, instead of talking through things. This can deeply hurt them. There often appears to be a silent pull of ENFPs to the wishes of authority figures, parents, and friends which may cause a dilemma as to loyalties and decision making. Although energetic and effervescent, the ENFP can sometimes be smothering in their enthusiasm. They do not understand why someone would not be charmed by their enthusiastic display of affection and quirky jokes, because most people find them entertaining and refreshing. They may try too hard to be what others want them to be, play the role of actor and entertainer, and feel in danger of losing touch with their true authentic selves when they don't receive appreciation and feedback for who they really are.
How to Behave Toward an ENFP
Give ENFPs the freedom to be flexible. Realize that churning through possibilities inspires their minds and get their creative juices flowing. Don't bog the ENFP down with too many details, especially on any subject not known to be of deep interest to him or her. Involve the ENFP in the process and try to keep things fun. When communicating with ENFPs you will find that many like to talk. Do not hesitate to interrupt and state your opinion. ENFPs enjoy speculating about ideas. They enjoy others who engage them in conversation, contribute their ideas and keep it moving in a positive direction. Overall ENFPs appreciate honesty in others, they want to know how people really feel. ENFPs are easily influenced by what other people say. It may not appear that they are listening when they are talking to you, but soon after the conversation ends they often ponder what the other person has said and incorporate those ideas into their own thinking to use the knowledge for the future.
The main points to remember, ENFPs:
1) Want to help and please the people they are working with, so give them frequent feedback.
2) Like to hear from their significant others that they are loved and valued, (and are willing and eager to return the favor,) so let them know what you appreciate about them.
3) Prefer happy and upbeat relationships, nevertheless, when conflict occurs, they usually want to engage in a dialog to work it out.
4) Are one of the most freedom orientated personality types. Give them room to have some adventures on their own.
5) May have a difficult time staying focused and following things through to completion. Let them know clearly what your deadlines are. ENFPs want to please other people, so let them know how important it is to you and why it is important to you.
6) Prefer a participative and collegial atmosphere in which employees are included in the decision making.