Messier 59 (also known as M59 or NGC 4621) is an w:elliptical galaxy in the constellation Virgo.
Messier 59 and the nearby elliptical galaxy
w:Messier 60 were both discovered by w:Johann Gottfried Koehler in April w:1779 during observations of a w:comet in the same part of the sky.  w:Charles Messier listed both in the w:Messier Catalogue about three days after Koehler's discovery. 
Virgo Cluster membership
M59 is a member of the
↑ R. W. Sinnott, editor (1988). The Complete New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters by J. L. E. Dreyer. Sky Publishing Corporation and Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-933-34651-4.
↑ a b c d e f g h "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4621 . http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/ . Retrieved 2006-11-18.
↑ J. L. Tonry, A. Dressler, J. P. Blakeslee, E. A. Ajhar, A. B. Fletcher, G. A. Luppino, M. R. Metzger, C. B. Moore (2001). "The SBF Survey of Galaxy Distances. IV. SBF Magnitudes, Colors, and Distances". Astrophysical Journal 546 (2): 681–693. doi: 10.1086/318301 . . http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001ApJ...546..681T
↑ a b K. G. Jones (1991). Messier's Nebulae and Star Clusters (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-37079-5.