Mandarin Chinese Grammar for Pimsleur Students/Non-adjectival stative verbs

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Non-adjectival stative verbs[edit]

Linking verbs[edit]

shì to be
中国人 ◦ shì Zhōngguó rén. She is Chinese.
在北京 ◦ shì zài Běijīng. It's in Beijing.
在北京 ◦ shì zài Běijīng. It's not in Bejing.
现在 ◦ shì xiàn zài (it is) not now
八点钟 ◦ shìbā diăn zhōng (it is) at eight o'clock
给你的 ◦ qián shì gěi nĭ de. The money is for you.
三加三多少 ? sān jiā sān shì duōshăo? How much is three plus three?
哪条学院路 ? nă tiáo shì Xuéyuàn lù? Which one (which road) is College road?
yŏu to have
百美金 ◦ yŏu băi měi jīn. He has 100 dollars.
没有时间 ◦ méi yŏu shíjiān. She doesn’t have time.
他家里六个人 ◦ tā jiālĭ yŏu liù gè rén. There are six people in his family.

At this point it essential to note that 有 (yŏu) and 是 (shì) are not interchangeable, even in negative form.

Positive Negative
是 (shì: is) 不是 (Bùshì: is not)
有 (yŏu: have) 没有 (Méiyǒu: not have)

Verbs of ability, possibility, and permission[edit]

Overview[edit]

huì can (know how to)
可以 kěyĭ can (have the permission/opportunity to)

Syntax[edit]

我不说国语 ◦ wŏ bù huì shuō guó yŭ. I can not speak Mandarin.
他们可以去美国 ◦ tāmen kěyĭ qù měiguó. They can go to America.
可不可以买一点儿啤酒 ? kě bù kěyĭ măi yìdiăn'r píjĭu? Can you buy some beer?

Others[edit]

明白 míng bai to understand
我不明白你说什么 ◦ wŏ bù míng bai nĭ shuō shénme. I don't understand what you are saying.


xiăng to want
吃一点儿东西 ◦ xiăng chī yìdiăn'r dōngxi. I would like to eat something.


yào to want, will (see also: Future tense)
要不要 ? yào bù yào? Do you want?


知道 zhī dào to know
他不知道 tā bù zhī dào. He doesn't know.
知道长安街在哪儿吗 ? zhī dào Cháng Ān jiē zài nǎr ma? Do you know where Long Peace Street is located?