Lower Sorbian/Grammar/Declension of adjectives

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Lower Sorbian‎ | Grammar
Jump to: navigation, search

sg. (m, f, n)

pl.

du.

NOM

dobry [1], dobra, dobre [4]

dobre

dobrej

GEN

dobrego, dobreje, dobrego / [5]

dobrych [1]

dobreju

DAT

dobremu [5], dobrej, dobremu [5]

dobrym [1]

dobryma [1]

ACC

=NOM./GEN. [2], dobru, dobre

=NOM./GEN. [3]

=NOM./GEN. [3]

INS

dobrym [1], dobreju, dobrym [1]

dobrymi [1]

dobryma [1]

LOC

dobrem, dobrej, dobrem

dobrych [1]

dobryma [1]

[1] endings of masculine NOM. sg.: (a) –y, (b) –i,
(a) –y ending: adjectives not mentioned in (b)
(b) –i ending:

  • soft-stemmed adjectives
  • adjectives: (1) tuni `cheap`, (2) dwoji `twofold`, (3) tšoji `threefold`, (4) tśeśi `third`, (5) chłošći `voracious`, (6) kokośi `hen-like`, (7) kurośi `rooster-like`
  • adjectives ending with –ki, –gi, e.g. daloki, drogi

[2] category of (un)animacy

[3] category of (non-)personhood

[4] neuter adjectives in a predicative meaning take –o ending, np. źěnsa jo śopło `today is warm`

[5] when 2 or more' adjectives ending with –ego, -eje, -emu stay concatenated, the last vowel is being omitted, np. dobrem a pśijaznem cłowjekoju

[6] there exists a noun ženska `woman`, which is inflected following a feminine adjectival pattern, only alternatively taking forms of nominal inflection in GEN. DAT. INS. LOC. sg. and NOM. ACC. du. and pl.