Indonesian/Lessons/Time

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Contents

Pukul berapa? -What time is it? (formal)

Jam berapa? - What time is it? (informal)

Tepat waktu - on time.

Indonesia uses 24-hour time format, so use pukul 20 instead of 8 pm. Because Indonesia is so large there are three time zones: West: Sumatra, Java and surroundings (Waktu Indonesia Barat <WIB>); Central: Bali and surroundings (Waktu Indonesia Tengah<WIT>); and East: Papua and surroundings (Waktu Indonesia Timur <WITA>). Each zone differs from the next by 1 hour. In spoken indonesian, 12 hour format is prefer to use and adding the time indicator after it.

Kata (Word) Arti (Meaning) Waktu / Kondisi

(Time / Condition)

Pagi morning Sun is already risen, but before 10am.
Siang noon Around noon. Usually 10am-2pm.
Sore afternoon Sun is still up, but after 2pm.
Malam night Sun must have set.
Dini hari midnight Rare to use, usually occur in movie or TV schedule
Subuh dawn around 3-5 am. Rare, ussually to express "it is too early"

Examples:

6.00 am = 6:00 pagi

11.00 am = 11:00 siang

6.00 pm = 6:00 sore

11.00 pm = 11:00 malam


'"Jam" ('"lit. clock") or "at time", often added before the time (e.g "pukul 6 pagi" means at 6 am) in written indonesian 24-hours format is used.

Minutes[edit]

To say minute. first, you say "the hours" then "kurang/lebih" (lit. less/more) then "the minutes". examples:

6.11 = enam lebih sebelas (lit. six more eleven <minutes>)

11.54 = duabelas kurang enam (lit. twelve less six <minutes>)

use only if the minutes not more or less than 15 minutes, see below.


use the word "setengah" to say half-hour

examples:

6.30 = setengah tujuh (lit. half seven)

11.30 = setengah dua belas (lit. half twelve)

2.31 = setengah tiga lebih satu (lit. half three more one <minute>)

4.25 = setengah lima kurang lima (lit. half five less five <minutes>)

6.16 = setengah tujuh kurang empat belas (lit. half seven less fourteen <minutes>)

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