Summary of Political, Economic, and Military Division of Europe
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The Breakdown of the Grand Alliance
Step One: The Wartime Conferences
The Tehran Conference (1943)
The Yalta Conference (1945)
What were the crucial developments that took place between the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences?
The Potsdam Conference (1945)
Key developments (1946−47)
Targeting instability in Greece and Turkey
Community parties in Italy and France
Step Two: Kennan's long telegram (February 1946)
- Written by US diplomat George F. Kennan to the U.S. State Department on the nature of Soviet conduct, and helped hard US attitudes towards containment.
- The USSR's view of the world was a traditional one of insecurity,
- The Soviets wanted to advance Muscovite Stalinist ideology (not simply 'Marxism'),
- The Soviet regime was cruel and repressive and justified this by perceiving nothing but evil in the outside world. That view of a hostile outside environment would sustain the internal Stalinist system, and
- The USSR was fanatically hostile to the West − but they were not 'suicidal ... impervious to the logic of reason Moscow [was] highly sensitive to the logic of force.'