Ethnomedicine/Ethnomedicine by Culture Group/Traditional Chinese Medicine

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There are a few branches of Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat the human body. One of the main branches is the use of herbal medicine. Herbs may be used singly or combined into formulas to be more effective. When used in combination, herbs are sometimes called patent formulas, although they may or may not be patented in the legal sense of the term. Many of these formulas have been published in ancient texts, and some of them have been published in modern books, such as "Pharmacopoeia of The People’s Republic of China (Volume I)". State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the PRC (2005). Chemical Industry Press. ISBN 7117069821.

Below are a sample of these formulas:

Ankun Zanyu Wan[edit]

按坤赞育丸 (Pinyin: ànkūn zànyù wán, Traditional Chinese: 按坤贊育丸)

A large black honeyed pill used in traditional Chinese medicine to "nourish qi and blood, regulate menstruation and relieve leukorrhagia, when there are symptoms of deficiency of qi and blood, deficiency of liver and kidney and poor health after postpartum, indicated by abdomen pain".

The formulation of the pill is:

Name Chinese Grams
Rhizoma Cyperi (processed with vinegar) 香附 (醋制) 96
Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum 鹿茸 24
Colla Corii Asini 阿胶 24
Placenta Hominis 紫河车 20
Radix Paeoniae Alba 白芍 16
Radix Angelicae Sinensis 当归 16
Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae 牛膝 14
Radix Cyathulae 川牛膝 14
Radix Glehniae 北沙参 12
Myrrha (processed with vinegar) 没药 (醋制) 12
Radix Asparagi 天冬 11. 5
Fructus Psoraleae (processed with salt) 补骨脂 (盐炙) 11
Arillus Longan 龙眼肉 10
Poria 茯苓 8
Cortex Phellodendri 黄柏 8
Carapax et Plastrum Testudinis 龟板 8
Herba Cynomorii 锁阳 8
Cortex Eucommiae (processed with salt) 杜仲 (盐炙) 8
Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae 秦艽 8
Carapax Trionycis (processed with vinegar) 鳖甲 (醋制) 8
Folium Artemisiae Argyi (carbonized) 艾叶 (炭) 8
Radix Cynanchi Atrati 白薇 8
Rhizoma Corydalis (processed with vinegar) 延胡索 (醋制) 8
Fructus Corni (processed with wine) 山茱萸 (酒制) 8
Cauda Cervi 鹿尾 7.5
Fructus Lycii 枸杞子 6
Flos Celosiae Cristatae 鸡冠苗 6
Radix Astragali 黄芪 6
Olibanum (processed with vinegar) 乳香 (醋制) 6
Halloysitum Rubrum (calcined) 赤石脂 (煅) 6
Colla Cornus Cervi 鹿角胶 6
Semen Cuscutae 大豆菟丝子 4
Herba Cistanches (processed with wine) 肉苁蓉 (酒制) 6
Caulis Spatholobi 鸡血藤 4
Herba Taxilli 桑寄生 4
Succinum 琥珀 4
Radix Glycyrrhizae 甘草 4
Radix Ginseng 人参 2
Radix Linderae 乌药 3
Crinis Carbonisatus 血余炭 2
Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae (stir-baked with bran) 白术 (麸炒) 24
Stigma Croci 红花 0.8
Radix Rehmanniae 生地黄 16
Fructus Amomi 砂仁 24
Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum 沉香 13
Semen Ziziphi Spinosae (stir-baked) 酸枣仁 (炒) 16
Radix Dipsaci 续断 10
Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 陈皮 14
Exocarpium Citri Rubrum 橘红 8
Rhizoma Chuanxiong 川芎 12
Rhizoma Alismatis 泽泻 8
Radix Scutellariae 黄芩 10
Herba Artemisiae Annuae 黄花蒿 6
Radix Polygalae (processed) 远志 (制) 8
Semen Myristicae (roasted in ash) 肉豆蔻 (灰碳碚) 6
Rhizoma Ligustici 藁本 6
Flos Carthami 红花 4
Radix Bupleuri 柴胡 6
Radix Aucklandis 木香 2
Folium Perillae 苏叶 5
Radix Rehmanniae Preparata 熟地黄 16
Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae 丹参 2

Anwei Pian[edit]

安胃片 (Pinyin: ānwèi piàn)

A whitish to yellowish tablet used in traditional Chinese medicine to "promote the flow of qi and activate blood circulation, to counteract acidity and relieve gastric pain in the stomach".

The formulation of the pill is:

Name Chinese Grams
Rhizoma Corydalis (processed with vinegar) 延胡索 (醋制) 63
Alumen (calcined) 白矾 (煅) 250
Endoconcha Sepiae 海螵蛸 187

Anyang Jingzhi Gao[edit]

安阳精制膏 (Pinyin: ānyáng jīngzhì gāo, Traditional Chinese: 安陽精制膏)

A red plaster used in traditional Chinese medicine to "dissolve lumps, remove blood stasis, relieve pain, strengthen muscles and tendons, activate blood circulation, and to dispel wind and cold". It is typically pasted on the skin when there is "numbness in the extremities".

The formulation of the plaster is:

Name Chinese Grams
Radix Aconiti 生川乌 24
Radix Aconiti Preparata 制川乌 24
Radix Linderae 乌药 24
Radix Ampelopsis 白蔹 24
Radix Angelicae Dahuricae 白芷 24
Rhizoma Bletillae 白芨 24
Semen Momordicae 木鳖子 24
Caulis Aristolochiae Manshuriensis 关木通 24
Fructus Chaenomelis 木瓜 24
Rhizoma Sparganii 三棱 24
Rhizoma Curcumae 莪术 24
Radix Angelicae Sinensis 当归 24
Radix Paeoniae Rubra 赤芍 24
Cortex Cinnamomi 桂皮 24
Radix et Rhizoma Rhei 大黄 48
Fructus Forsythiae 连翘 48
Resina Draconis 血竭 10
Resina Ferulae 阿魏 10
Olibanum 乳香 6
Myrrha 没药 6
Catechu 儿茶 6
Mentholum 薄荷脑 8
Methyl Salicylate 水杨酸甲酯 8
Borneolum Syntheticum 冰片 8

Awei Huapi Gao[edit]

阿魏化痞膏 (Pinyin: āwèi huàpǐ gāo)

A black plaster spread on cloth, used in traditional Chinese medicine to "treat abdominal masses due to stagnation of qi and congealed blood that is accompanied by epigastric and abdominal pain, and a feeling of fullness and distension in the chest and hypochondriac regions". It is traditionally plastered on the "umbilicus or the afflicted area after being softened by heating".

The formulation of the plaster is:

Name Chinese Grams
Rhizoma Cyperi 香附 20
Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis 厚朴 20
Rhizoma Sparganii 三棱 20
Rhizoma Curcumae 莪术 20
Radix Angelicae Sinensis 当归 20
Radix Aconiti Preparata 制川乌 20
Radix Aconiti (not prepared) 生川乌 20
Bulbus Allii 大蒜 20
Fructus Quisqualis 使君子 20
Radix Angelicae Dahuricae 白芷 20
Squama Manis 穿山甲 20
Semen Momordicae 木鳖子 20
Catharsius 蜣螂 20
Rhizoma Picrorhizae 胡黄连 20
Radix et Rhizoma Rhei 大黄 20
Semen Ricini 蓖麻子 20
Olibanum 乳香 3
Myrrha 没药 3
Aloe 芦荟 3
Resina Draconis 血竭 3
Realgar 雄黄 15
Cortex Cinnamomi 桂皮 15
Camphora 樟脑 15
Resina Ferulae 阿魏 20

Babao Kunshun Wan[edit]

八宝坤顺丸 (Pinyin: bābǎo kūnshùn wán, Traditional Chinese: 八寶坤順丸)

A blackish-brown honeyed pill used in traditional Chinese medicine to "nourish blood and regulate menstruation". It is typically prescribed when there is "deficiency of both blood and qi, with abdominal pain, aching in the loins and legs, and edema of the lower extremities during menstrual periods".

The formulation of the pill is:

Name Chinese Grams
Radix Rehmanniae Preparata 熟地黄 80
Radix Rehmanniae 生地黄 80
Radix Paeoniae Alba 白芍 80
Radix Angelicae Sinensis 当归 80
Rhizoma Chuanxiong 川芎 80
Radix Ginseng 人参 40
Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae 白术 80
Poria 茯苓 80
Radix Glycyrrhizae 甘草 40
Herba Leonuri 益母草 40
Radix Scutellariae 黄芩 80
Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae 牛膝 40
Exocarpium Citri Rubrum 橘红 80
Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum 沉香 40
Radix Aucklandiae 木香 16
Succinum 琥珀 40

Baidai Wan[edit]

白带丸 ( , Pinyin: báidài wán, Traditional Chinese: 白帶丸) A herbal pill used in traditional Chinese medicine to "remove damp-heat and arrest excessive leucorrhea”.

The formulation of the pill is:

Name Chinese Grams
Cortex Phellodendri (stir-baked with wine) 黄柏 (酒炒) 150
Cortex Ailanthi 樗白皮 300
Radix Paeoniae Alba 白芍 100
Radix Angelicae Sinensis 当归 100
Rhizoma Cyperi (processed with vinegar) 香附 (醋制) 50

Baochi San[edit]

保赤散 (Pinyin: bǎochì sǎn)

A herbal pill used in traditional Chinese medicine to "promote digestion, remove retained food, relieve abdominal distension, eliminate phlegm and induce sedation".

The formulation of the pill is:

Name Chinese Grams
Massa Medicata Fermentata (stir-baked) 神曲 (炒) 250
Semen Crotonis Pulveratum 巴豆霜 150
Rhizoma Arisaematis (processed) 天南星 (制) 400
Cinnabaris 硃砂 250

Baofukang Shuan[edit]

保妇抗拴 (Pinyin: bǎofùkàng shuān, Traditional Chinese: 保婦抗拴)

A milky white, yellow or brown herbal suppository used in traditional Chinese medicine to "activate the flow of qi and remove blood stasis, promote the growth of muscles, and relieve pain due to symptoms of colpomycosis, senile vaginitis and erosion of the cervix”.

The formulation of the pill, using polyoxyethylene stearate as a carrier, is:

Name Chinese Grams
Oleum Curcumae 莪术油 82
Borneolum Syntheticum 冰片 75