Esperanto: A Complete and Comprehensive Grammar/Numbers

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Numbers[edit]

In Esperanto, the cardinal numbers are all built up from little more than a dozen words:

  • 0 Nulo
  • 1 Unu
  • 2 Du
  • 3 Tri
  • 4 Kvar
  • 5 Kvin
  • 6 Ses
  • 7 Sep
  • 8 Ok
  • 9 Naŭ
  • 10 Dek
  • 100 Cent
  • 1,000 Mil
  • 1,000,000 Miliono
  • 1,000,000,000 Miliardo
  • 1,000,000,000,000 Biliono

All other numbers are simply built up from these. To give a couple of examples:

  • 16 Dek ses (one ten and six)
  • 42 Kvardek du (four tens and two)
  • 442 Kvarcent kvardek du (four hundreds, four tens and two)
  • 1,729 Mil sepcent dudek naŭ (one thousand, seven hundreds, two tens and nine)
  • 22,729 Dudek du mil sepcent dudek naŭ (Twenty two thousands, seven hundreds, two tens and nine)
  • 3,022,729 Tri miliono dudek du mil sepcent dudek naŭ (three millions, twenty two thousands, seven hundreds, two tens and nine)
  • 4,003,022,729 Kvar miliardo tri miliono dudek du mil sepcent dudek naŭ (four billions, three millions, twenty two thousands, seven hundreds, two tens and nine)
  • 5,004,003,022,729 Kvin biliono Kvar miliardo tri miliono dudek du mil sepcent dudek naŭ (five trillions, four billions, three millions, twenty two thousands, seven hundreds, two tens and nine)



The ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.) are simply adjectives and are formed as all other adjectives in Esperanto, as will be detailed in the chapter on adjectives.