English in Use/Sentences Overview

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Introduction[edit]

This section will serve as a basic overview of sentences. Each topic will be discussed in more detail in subsequent chapters.

Phrases[edit]

A phrase is a group of words which contains neither a subject nor a verb. (It may, however, contain a verbal form such as an infinitive, a participle, or a gerund.)[1]

Clauses[edit]

A clause is a group of words containing at least a subject and a verb (the baby ate), and frequently it lets its hair down by containing some kind of a complement as well (the baby ate the goldfish). There are two kinds of clauses: independent and dependent.[2]

Forms[edit]

There are three forms of a sentence: simple, compound, and complex, and one combined form: compound-complex.

Simple[edit]

Compound[edit]

Complex[edit]

Compound-complex[edit]

Purposes[edit]

Sentences are created for four main reasons: to declare, to command, to question, and to exclaim.

Declarative[edit]

Imperative[edit]

Interrogative[edit]

Exclamatory[edit]

Sentence diagrams[edit]