Cookbook:Manhattan Clam Chowder
|Manhattan Clam Chowder|
Clam chowder, in its cream-based, New England version, has existed since the mid-18th Century, and no mention of any Manhattan chowder has been found that predates the 1930s. Many restaurants in northern Rhode Island sell both red and white chowders, while the US southern coast favors clear and white chowders. Often they are served alongside clam cakes.
According to Alton Brown, who pointed this out in the installment of his program Good Eats titled "Send In The Clams," the use of tomatoes instead of milk was initially the work of Portuguese immigrants in Rhode Island, as tomato-based stews were already a traditional part of Portuguese cuisine. New Englanders called this modified version Manhattan-style clam chowder as a pejorative because, in their snide view, calling someone a New Yorker was an insult.
Recipe I 
- 15 ounce (425 g) canned potatoes, or 2 small boiled potatoes
- 28 ounce (794 g) canned tomatoes in juice, or 2 large tomatoes and tomato juice
- 6.5 ounce (184 g) canned chopped clams, minimum
- 2 stalks of celery
- Core the tomatoes. Remove the pale parts and the seeds; the "meat" of the tomato will be what will be used. For canned tomatoes, a strainer will be helpful.
- Chop all non-clam ingredients to match the clams in size.
- Optionally add spices. Suggestions offered include dill seed, basil, thyme, celery seed, tarragon, marjoram, and/or fresh cilantro. Alternatively, oregano can be used in lieu of the marjoram.
- Cook the chowder, without boiling, till the celery begins to soften.
A sturdy type of fish can be used in place of the clams; good choices include catfish, tilapia, and pollock. Also, cooked rice can be substituted for the potatoes, the celery can be replaced with spinach or seaweed, or lemon juice can be added.
Recipe II 
- 2 (11.5-ounce) jars clams or 2 (12-ounce) packages frozen clams
- 1 cup sliced celery
- 2 tablespoons chopped parsley
- ¼ pound salt pork, diced
- 1 bay leaf
- 3 medium onions, diced
- ¼ teaspoon thyme
- 2 cups chopped tomatoes
- 2 medium potatoes, diced
- 1½ quarts water
- 1 cup diced raw carrots
- 8 to 10 soda crackers
- salt and pepper to taste
Note: Use a low-fat cut of pork to lower the fat and calories of this dish.
- Strain the clam juice.
- Put the clams through food chopper, using coarse blade.
- Fry pork in a heavy iron pot.
- Remove pork and sauté onions in the fat until tender and lightly browned.
- Add tomatoes and cook for 5 minutes.
- Add water, carrots, celery, and herbs.
- Cover pot and simmer for 1½ hours (a very gentle simmer).
- Add clams, strained clam juice, and potatoes; cook until potatoes are tender.
- Season with salt and pepper to taste.
- Bring to a boil, pour over crumbled soda crackers in individual plates, and serve at once.