C++ Programming/Code/Standard C Library/Functions/strftime

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strftime[edit]

Syntax
#include <ctime>
size_t strftime( char *str, size_t maxsize, const char *fmt, struct tm *time );

The function strftime() formats date and time information from time to a format specified by fmt, then stores the result in str (up to maxsize characters). Certain codes may be used in fmt to specify different types of time:

Code Meaning
 %a abbreviated weekday name (e.g. Fri)
 %A full weekday name (e.g. Friday)
 %b abbreviated month name (e.g. Oct)
 %B full month name (e.g. October)
 %c the standard date and time string
 %d day of the month, as a number (1-31)
 %H hour, 24 hour format (0-23)
 %I hour, 12 hour format (1-12)
 %j day of the year, as a number (1-366)
 %m month as a number (1-12).
 %M minute as a number (0-59)
 %p locale's equivalent of AM or PM
 %S second as a number (0-59)
 %U week of the year, (0-53), where week 1 has the first Sunday
 %w weekday as a decimal (0-6), where Sunday is 0
 %W week of the year, (0-53), where week 1 has the first Monday
 %x standard date string
 %X standard time string
 %y year in decimal, without the century (0-99)
 %Y year in decimal, with the century
 %Z time zone name
 %% a percent sign

Note:
Some versions of Microsoft Visual C++ may use values that range from 0-11 to describe %m (month as a number).

Related topics
gmtime - localtime - time