Arabic/Useful Words

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Basics (only nouns, and adjectives)[edit]

  • thing
    (shay'/shai-un)شيء
  • God
    (aL-Laah)الله
  • a god
    (i-laah)إله
  • one
    (waaHid)واحد
  • two
    (ith-naan)اثنان
  • three
    (tha-laa-thah)ثلاثة
  • person
    (shakhS)شخص
  • place
    (ma-kaan)مكان
  • way of doing something (procedure)
    (ta-ree-qa)طريقة
  • plan
    (khut-tah)خطة
  • expectation
    (ta-waq-qu`)توقُع
  • result
    (na-tee-jah)نتيجة
  • type
    (nau` pl. anwaa`)نوع (ج أنواع
  • time (as in"how many times?" OR "I did that 3 times")
    (mar-rah)مرة
  • time (an amount of time,as in "5 hours")
    (waqt)وقت
  • action
    (ta'-theer)تأثير
  • event
    (Haa-di-thah. pl. Ha-waa-dith)حادثة
  • intention
    (née-yah)نية
  • idea
    (fik-rah)فكرة
  • accident
    (Haa-dith)حادث
  • existence
    (wo-jood)وجود
  • amount
    (mab-lagh)مَبْلـَغ
  • area
    (min-Ta-Qah)منطقة
  • question
    (su-aal)سؤال
  • answer
    (ja-wab)جواب
  • word
    (ka-li-mah)كلمة
  • sentence
    (jum-lah)جملة
  • meaning
    (ma`-naa)معنى
  • talking
    talks (yaa-taa-kal-lam) يتكلم
  • writing
    writes (yak-tub) يكتب
  • explaining
    explains (yash-raH)يشرح
  • work
    (`a-mal)عمل
    or (shughl)شغل
  • rest
    (raa-Hah)راحة
  • reason
    (sa-bab)سبب
  • cause
    see reason
  • tool
    (aa-daah)أداة
  • location
    (ma-kaan)مكان
  • distance
    (ma-saa-fah)مسافة
  • speed
    (sur-`ah)سرعة
  • acceleration
    (ta-saa-ru`)تسارع
  • difference
    (farq)فرق
  • similarity
    (ta-shaa-buh)تشابه
  • eat
    (akl)أكل
  • sleep
    (nawm)نوم
  • death
    (mawt)موت
  • good
    (jai-yid)جيد
  • bad
    سيئ
  • normal
    (`aadeey)عادي
  • weird
    (gha-reeb)غريب
  • source
    (masdar)مصدر
  • reality
    (Wāqʻ)واقع
  • true story
    (Qşh Ḩqyqyh)قصة حقيقية
  • fairy tale
    (Khrāfh)خرافة
  • lie
    (kazb)كذب
  • truth
    (Haqeeqah)ﺔﻗﻴﻗﺤ
  • birth
    (wiladah)ولادة
  • life
    حياة
  • loser
    خاسر
  • winner
    رابح
  • useful
    (mufeed) مفيد
  • property (something owned)

  • property (example: "name")

  • value (example: "John")

  • number
    (raqm)رقم
  • amount

  • remainder/remaining

  • original
    (asly)أصلي
  • water
    (maa')ماء
  • rock
    (Sakhr)صخر
  • fire
    (naar)نار
  • sky
    (samaa’)ﺴﻤﺎﺀ
  • earth
    الأرض
  • bird
    الطير
  • animal
    الحيوان
  • solid
    صلب
  • liquid
    سائل
  • gas
    غاز
  • hard
    قاسٍ
  • soft
    (Nāʻm)ناعم
  • difficult
    صعب
  • easy
    سهل
  • possible
    ممكن
  • impossible
    غير ممكن
  • need
    (ihtajja)احتجّ
  • want
    (araada)أراد
  • severe
    (Ḩād)حاد
  • slight
    (Ţfyf)طفيف
  • big
    (kabeer)كبير
  • small
    (S-gheer)صغير
  • beautiful
    (jameel)جميل
  • ugly
    (qobeeh)قبيح
  • splendid

  • horrible

  • rich
    (gha-nee)غني
  • poor
    (faqeer)ﻗﻔﻴﺮ
  • male
    (muzakkar)مذكّر
  • female
    (un-thaa :pl. inaath)أنثى (ج إناث)
  • book
    (ki-taab : pl. kutub) كتاب (ج كتب
  • colour
    (lawn)لون
  • black
    (aswad (m.), sawdaa`) ﺪﻮﺴﺃ, ﺴﻮﺪﺍﺀ
  • white
    (abyaD (m.), bayDaa’ (f.)) ﺾﻴﺑﺃ, ﺑﻴﺿﺎﺀ
  • dark

  • light

  • darkness(also dark as in "Are you afraid of the dark?")
    (Za-laam)ظلام
  • lightness

  • brightness

  • opposite of bright (dimmed)

  • opposite of bright (dull)

  • sharp(as in a sharp knife)

  • dull (as in a sharp knife)

  • heart
    (Qalb)قلب
  • brain
    (mukh)مخ
  • mind
    (aql)عقل
  • hand
    (yad)يد
  • eye
    (`ain)عين
  • powerful

  • powerless

  • a little
    (qalil)قليل
  • a lot
    (kathir)كثير
  • many
    see a lot
  • tasty
    (lazeezah)لذيذة
  • tasteless

  • taste
    (zouq)ذوق
  • smart
    (shaaTr)شاطر
  • stupid
    (gha-bee)غبي
  • quite

  • racket

  • loud

  • outside
    (khaarij)خارج
  • inside
    (daakhil)داخل
  • gift
    (hadeeah)ﻫﺪﻴﺔ
  • digit
    (‘adad)ﻋﺪﺪ

حديقه

Senses[edit]

  • seeing
    (ru'-yah)رؤية
  • hearing
    (sam`) سمع
  • smelling
    (sham)شم
  • tasting
    (ta-dhaw-woq)تذوق
  • feeling/touching
    (lams)لمس
  • sensing
    (His)حس

Time expressions[edit]

  • today اليوم (al-yaum)


  • tomorrow غدأ (ghadan)

          commonly, (bukra)  بُكرةً (literally, early in the morning)


  • yesterday أمس (ams)

          commonly, (mbaareH)  مبارِح It is derived from (al bare7a)but there was a tribe that pronounced "al" "am" so it became (ambare7a)then(embare7) ≈"yesterday"
                   from participle prefix=م ; (preposition= ب ; verb= اراح

  • the day before yesterday
  • the day after tomorrow بعد غدا (ba'da ghadan)
  • next week
  • next Monday
  • moment (laH-Za) لـَحْظَة
  • second


  • minute (da-qii-qa) دَقِيْقَة


  • hour (saa-`a) سـَاعـَة


  • 24hr day (yawm) يـَوْم


  • day the opposite of night (na-haar) نَهَار


  • year (sa-na) سـَنـَة


  • century (qarn) قـَرْن

>

  • five times a day خمس مرات في يوم


  • future(mus-taq-bal)مستقبل

  • past (maa-Dee)ماضي

  • present
  • near(qareeb) ﻗﺭﻴﺐ

  • far(ba’yd)ﺪﻴﻌﺑ

  • persisting
  • instant
  • time-consuming



Frequency (how often)[edit]

  • sometimes
  • often
  • always
  • consistently
  • occasionally
  • every day
  • every month
  • every week
  • next week

The week[edit]

  • Sunday (al-aH-ad) الأحد



  • Monday (al-ith-nain) الإثنين



  • Tuesday (ath-thu-la-tha) الثلاثاء



  • Wednesday (al-ar-bi-`a) الأربعاء



  • Thursday (al-kha-miis) الخميس



  • Friday (al-jum-`a) الجمعة



  • Saturday (as-sabt) السبت



Holidays[edit]

Beverages  مَشْرَب[edit]

  • coffee (qahwè)    قَهْوَة


  • tea (shaay)   شاي


  • hot chocolate(shukulaatè saakhinè)   شوكولاتة ساخِنة


  • milk (Haleeb)   حليب


  • juice ('aseer)   عصير

Food  طعام[edit]

Fruit[edit]

  • banana (mawz)  مَوز


  • orange (burtqalè)  بُرتْقالة


  • grapes (9inab)  عِنَب


  • pear ('aajaS)  أجِص


  • apple (tufaaHè)  تُفاحة

Landscape[edit]

  • sea (baHr) بـحر



  • lake (bu-Hai-ra) بـحيرة


  • snow
  • sand
  • dirt
  • concrete
  • grass

Places[edit]

  • beach - (Shati) شاطىء
  • harbour - (Marfa'a) مرفأ
  • airport (ma-Taar) مطار
  • building - (Benaa') بناء
  • desert - (Sahraa') صحراء
  • sky-scraper - (Nattihat sahab) ناطحة سحاب
  • school - (Madrasa) مدرسة
  • university -(jaa-mi-`a) جامعة
  • college - (Kul-lieh) كلية
  • apartment-(sha-qa) شقة
  • house-(bait) بيت
  • one-storey house
  • two-storey house
  • mosque - (Masjid) مسجد / جامع
  • church - (Kanisa) كنيسة
  • street - (Share'a) شارع
  • square - (Saha / Maydan) ساحة / ميدان
  • bridge - (Jisir) جسر
  • city center - (Makaz/Wasat Al-Madina) مركز / وسط المدينة
  • harbour, port - (Mina'a / Marfa'a) ميناء / مرفأ
  • hotel - (Fundok) فندق
  • restaurant - (Mata'am) مطعم
  • market - (Souk) سوق
  • gold market - (Souk Alzahab) سوق الذهب
  • fish market - (Souk Alsamak) سوق السمك
  • fort - (Housen) حُصن
  • supermarket - (Super Market)سوبر ماركت
  • bank - (Bank) بنك
  • shop - (Mahal) محل
  • stall - (Dukan) دكان
  • train station - (Mahatet Alqitar) محطة القطار
  • bus station - (Mahatet Albas) محطة الباص
  • tourist information - (Ma'alomat lilseyaha) معلومات للسياحة
  • hospital - (Mustashfa) مستشفى

People[edit]

Conditions and feelings[edit]

  • hungry جائع
  • opposite of hungry شبعان
  • tired تعبان
  • opposite of tired مرتاح
  • sick مريض
  • healthy صحي

People (differentiated by age)[edit]

Friends/Enemies - (Asdeqa'a / A'ada'a) أصدقاء / أعداء

My friend - (saah-bi) - صاحبي

Your friend - (saah-bik) - صاحبك

by Personalities[edit]

by Crime[edit]

Physical features[edit]

Nationality[edit]

English- inglezi - إنكليزي

People (differentiated by disability)[edit]

blind - أعمى / ضرير

deaf - أطرش

dumb - أخرس / أبكم

Family relationship[edit]

child - Tifl - طفل

boy -- walad - ولد

girl -- bint - بنت

son -- ibn - إبن

daughter -- Ibna - إبنة

grand-daughter -- bint bint - بنت ـ بنت

grand-son -- ibn bint/ibn إبن ـ إبن

grand-father -- jidd - جد

grand-mother -- jidda - جدة

maternal cousin -- bint/ibn khaal(at)- بنت / إبن الخالة

paternal cousin -- bint/ibn a'am(at)- بنت / إبن العمة

family relations

baby= radii - رضيع

boy=ghulam,sabi غلام / صبي