A Compendium of Useful Information for the Practical Man/Carpentry and Woodworking/Rustic Woodworking
Shaving Horse #1
Note the multi-step hold down to allow for multiple thicknesses of work.
Shaving Horse Plans
The most useful of these home-made appliances is the shaving-horse, shown in side view by Fig. 153 and in end view by Fig. 154. To make this, get a plank about 6 ft. long and from 10 in. to 12 in. wide, and about 6 in. from each end bore two l 1/4-in. holes, and drive a leg in each, to form a stool as high as a chair; the legs must spread well, so as to make the bench firm. Get two pieces of ash or similar wood, 2 ft. 6 in. long, and about 3 in. by l 1/2-in., and in each piece bore two l 1/4-in. holes 6 in. from each end, and a 3/4-in. hole 13 in. from the top end ; these pieces are marked D in Figs. 153 and 154. Two round pieces fit the largest holes, one (e) 3 in. longer than the stool is wide, and the other (h) 12 in. longer. These must be driven tightly into the side pieces, to form a frame which will easily slip on the stool. Bore a
3/4-in hole through the stool edgeways, 1 ft. 9 in. from one end, and, putting the frame on, pass a bolt (1) through the sides of the frame and through the stool. There now is a stool with a frame swinging on it. The longer round piece should be at the bottom, and should project 4 1/2 in. at each side. A block of wood,
10 in. long and about 4 in. wide by 3 in. thick (see F), must be fixed in the centre of stool, an inch or two nearer the long end than the bolt, I. To fix F, tenon it through the top of stool and pin it. Cut off the block on the bevel as illustrated, so that a board a, which is 6 in. wide, will bed on top of it; fix this board to the short end of the bench. Fig. 153 explains what is meant. A cushion (j) upon which to sit is placed on the shaving-horse, which then is complete.
The method of using the shaving-horse is to sit astride it, place the wood to be shaved on the board G (Figs. 153 and 154), and put the feet, one on each side, on the projecting pieces h, thrusting them forward ; the frame swings on the bolt I, and clips the wood between the board G and the round piece E ; the more pressure required on the work the more are the feet thrust forward. This shaving-horse is a very useful appliance in any wood-working shop.
Simple Shaving Horse
A good shaving horse may be made of a plank eight inches wide, The illustration shows the manner of constructing it so plainly that description is not necessary. The lower end of the plank should be pinned or spiked down. The plank may be ten or twelve feet long, and the length of the legs govern the pitch.
How to Make a Shaving Horse
One of the most useful devices on a farm is a shaving horse. Make a bench 18 inches high of a good 2-inch plank, c, level off the edges so that it will make a comfortable seat. Upon this place a slanting platform, b, through which is cut a hole in which the clamp, a, works.
The clamp must be made of heavy hard wood that is tough and will not split. The shank must be an extension of the clamp, a. Several holes in the plank will allow the clamp to be raised so as to take in larger pieces of wood. The treadle, g, is kept in place by a peg at h. To operate this horse the workman places his foot upon the treadle, inserts the wood to be clamped under the edge of a, and pushes backward upon the treadle. This clamps the wood and the drawing knife can be used readily and much more rapidly than with a vise.