A-level Physics (Advancing Physics)/Quarks/Worked Solutions
1. The Δ++ baryon is made up of up quarks. What is its total charge?
Baryons are made of three quarks. 3 x +⅔ = +2e
2. The Δ- baryon has a total charge of -1e. Given that it is made up of only one type of first generation quark, what is this quark?
Three identical quarks must have a total charge of -1e, so one of these quarks has a charge of -⅓e. This is a down quark.
3. What is an antiproton made of? What is its charge?
, total charge -1e.
4. A K+ meson is made of an up quark and an antistrange quark. What is its total charge?
⅔ + ⅓ = +1e
5. Lambda (Λ) baryons are made up of an up quark, a down quark, and another quark (not an antiquark). The Λ0 is neutral, and contains a second generation quark. What is this quark?
0 = +⅔ - ⅓ + q
q = -⅓
The second generation quark with a charge of -⅓e is the strange quark.