A-level Physics (Advancing Physics)/Light as a Quantum Phenomenon/Worked Solutions

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1. How much energy does a photon with a frequency of 50kHz carry?

E = hf = 6.626 \times 50 \times 10^3 \times 10^{-34}= 3.313 \times 10^{-29}\mbox{J}\,

2. A photon carries 10-30J of energy. What is its frequency?

f = \frac{E}{h} = \frac{10^{-30}}{6.626 \times 10^{-34}} \approx 1509\mbox{Hz}

3. How many photons of frequency 545 THz does a 20W bulb give out each second?

First calculate the amount of energy given out per. second:

P = \frac{\Delta E}{t}

\Delta E = Pt = 20 \times 1 = 20\mbox{J}\,

Then, calculate the amount of energy carried by each photon:

E = hf = 6.626 \times 545 \times 10^12 \times 10^{-34} \approx 3.61 \times 10^{-19}\mbox{J}\,

Then divide the former by the latter to give the number of photons n:

n = \frac{20}{3.61 \times 10^{-19}} \approx 5.54 \times 10^{19}\mbox{ photons}

4. In one minute, a bulb gives out a million photons of frequency 600 THz. What is the power of the bulb?

First calculate the energy carried by one photon:

E = hf = 6.626 \times 10^{-34} \times 600 \times 10^{12} \approx 3.98 \times 10^{-19}\mbox{J}\,

Then work out the energy carried by 1,000,000 photons:

E = 10^6 \times 3.98 \times 10^{-19} = 3.98 \times 10^{-13}\mbox{J}

Then work out the power of the bulb:

P = \frac{\Delta E}{t} = \frac{3.98 \times 10^{-13}}{60} = 6.63 \times 10^{-15}\mbox{W}

...maybe its a nanobulb.

5. The photons in a beam of electromagnetic radiation carry 2.5μJ of energy each. How long should the phasors representing this radiation take to rotate?

First calculate the frequency of each photon:

f = \frac{E}{h} = \frac{2.5 \times 10^{-6}}{6.626 \times 10^{-34}} \approx 3.77 \times 10^{27}\mbox{Hz} (That's one nasty gamma ray.)

Then calculate the time taken for one 'wavelength' to go by:

f = \frac{1}{t}

t = \frac{1}{f} = \frac{1}{3.77 \times 10^{27}} \approx 2.65 \times 10^{-28}\mbox{s}