Yiddish for Yeshivah Bachurim/Verbs with prefixes and זיך

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Lots of verbs in Yiddish have associated adverbs attached to them. For equivalent English example, take and take on have quite different meanings, as do pay and pay back. These added words are usually added on to the beginning of the word in infinitive form, and to the end in conjugated form. Here are a few examples.

אַ נײַ װאָרט - A new word
The word   אָנהײבּן begin
Example קענען מיר אָנהײבּן? Can we begin?
Example דער ריטבֿ"א הײבּט אָן מיט אַ קשיא. The Ritva begins with a question.
אַ נײַ װאָרט - A new word
The word   צולײגן add
Example איך װיל צולײגן אַ ביסל צו דײַן װאָרט. I would like to add a bit to your explanation.
Example דער רשבּ"א ברענגט דעם רמבּ"ן און לײגט צו אַ פּאָר װערטער. The Rashba quotes the Ramban and adds a few words.

Another word which is commonly added to Yiddish verbs is the word זיך (pronounced zach or zich). It is always the next word after a verb, and it makes the verb before it passive. For example, עסן means to eat. עסן זיך means to be eaten.

אַ נײַ װאָרט - A new word
The word   זיך (pronounced זאַך) (passive verb)
Example װאָס הערט זיך? What's up? (literally, what is heard, which is the source of the Hebrew expression מה נשמע?)
Example דאָס רופֿט זיך אָן גירי דיליה. This is called (from the verb אָנרופֿן, to call) his arrow (see the second Perek of Bava Basra).