# XPath/SQL Equivalents

# SQL Equivalents[edit]

-XPath cannot do join-like queries, but can do union, intersection, subset, and difference like SQL

-XPath supports set operations like SQL using variations of the Union operation and the count function:

a UNION b: $a | $b

b UNION c: $b | $c

a INTERSECTION b: $a[count(.|$b) = count($b)]

a INTERSECTION c: $a[count(.|$c) = count($c)]

(Intersection takes the union of $b with any node in $a and returns the set of nodes in $a that are also in $b)

a DIFFERENCE b: $a[count(.|$b) != count($b)] | $b[count(.|$a) != count($a)]

a DIFFERENCE c: $a[count(.|$c) != count($c)] | $c[count(.|$a) != count($a)]

(Difference takes the union of the differences of $a with $b or $c and returns the set of nodes unique to $a versus $b or $c)

a SYM DIFFERENCE b: $a[count(. | $b) != count($b)] | $b[count(. | $a) != count($a)]

(Symmetrical difference takes the union of the differences from both sides and returns the set of nodes unique to both $a and $b)

a SUBSET OF b: count($b | $a) = count($b) and count($b) > count($a)

b SUBSET OF a: count($b | $a) = count($a) and count($a) > count($b)

(Subset means that the union of $a with $b returns the same set of nodes and either $a or $b is larger)

XPath can be embedded in an xpointer to make a smart url: