Writing Adolescent Fiction/Character names/Chinese

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Writing Adolescent Fiction‎ | Character names
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Usage note[edit | edit source]

Chinese names are used by ethnic Chinese people worldwide, consisting of the Chinese language's lexicon instead of "proper" names or random made-up words as in the West. Therefore, Chinese given names don't come fully-made for the public's usage, nor are they inherently gendered, nor are their meanings anything less than clear and distinct, in the same way Western names do and are. Parents, grandparents, and namers create given names by combining name-y Chinese characters, or take inspiration from literature, dramas, serials, movies, and even video games, but never from real-life people. Naming taboos are taken very seriously in Chinese and Vietnamese spheres, most especially in ancient times.

In the Sinosphere, the family name comes before the given name. Family names are most commonly single-character, and therefore pronounced with only one syllable, hence why Sino people's names seem so short and straightforward compared to other cultures, particularly European and American names. Dual-character family names exist to a much rarer occurrence; only around 60 exist and are still in use today, but they are treated the same way as single-character ones. Family names are typically passed down patrilineally, though the usage of maternal family names is not uncommon in the modern day, especially for those whose mother is a single child, those whose father is unknown or estranged, or those whose family is making a statement of progressiveness. The law allows its citizens to use any family name from any side of their family, as long as they have the right to inherit it.

Given names consist of 1–3 characters, with single-character given names being a thing of the past and considered outdated nowadays, dual-character given names the most common and favored throughout the times, while triple-character given names are just now slowly seeing a rise in trend as population number skyrockets and dual-character given names start to lack distinct uniqueness. Non-Han ethnic groups of China and Taiwan sometimes use their own native naming traditions and transliterate their names to Chinese for legal registration, often ending up with very long Chinese full names. There is no legal limit to how many characters an individual's name may have; everyone just knows their lanes.

Many Asian-Americans, Asian-Europeans, and Asian-Australians use the same name stock as the general population, but some girls' names (Angela, Caroline, Cindy, Helen, Michelle, Mindy, Nicole, Rachel, Wendy) and boys' names (Aaron, Andrew, Brandon, David, Ethan, James, Jason, Michael, Nathan) are particularly common among Asians, and diminutives (Amy, Angie, Connie, Johnny, Jimmy, Kenny, Tommy) as given names are more common among Asian-Americans than among the general populace.

Feminine given names[edit | edit source]

Here are examples of Chinese feminine given names.

  • 爱丽 (Aili) "lovely and pretty"
  • 爱玲 (Ailing) "lovely jade tinkling sounds"
  • 安雅 (Anya) "safely refined elegance"
  • 安美 (Anmei) "safe beauty"
  • 宝甜 (Baotian, Pao-tien, Bou-tim) "sweet like a precious treasure"
  • 彩霞 (Caixia, Tsai-hsia, Choi-ha) "colorful, rosy clouds"
  • 婵娟 (Chanjuan, Sim-gyun) "the moon, moonlight; lovely, beautiful woman"
  • 春花 (Chunhua, Cheun-fa) "springtime flowers; springtime blooms"
  • 春兰 (Chunlan, Cheun-lan) "springtime orchids"
  • 春雨 (Chunyu, Chun-ik, Cheun-yu) "spring rain"
  • 丹凤 (Danfeng, Dan-fung) "red cinnabar phoenix"
  • 芳 (Fang, Fong) "sweet-smelling, fragrant, good name, good reputation"
  • 芳花 (Fanghua, Fong-fa) "sweet-smelling flower"
  • 芳音 (Fangyin, Fang-in, Fong-yam) "sweet-smelling sound; fragrant musical note"
  • 芳引 (Fangyin, Fang-in, Fong-yan, Fong-yen) "the sweet fragrance extends far, lures, and guides"
  • 芳英 (Fangying, Fang-ing, Fong-ing) "sweet-smelling flower; fragrant hero"
  • 菲娜 (Feina) "flowery fragrance, luxuriant growth, and elegance"
  • 芬 (Fen, Fan) "perfume, fragrance, sweet aroma"
  • 凤 (Feng, Fong) "phoenix"
  • 凤怡 (Fengyi, Fong-i) "phoenix joy; phoenix delight"
  • 凤银 (Fengyin, Fong-in)
  • 凤胤 (Fengyin, Fong-in)
  • 贵芬 (Guifen, Kwei-fen, Gwai-fan) "expensive, precious, and noble fragrance"
  • 海霞 (Haixia) "rosy glowing sky out on the ocean"
  • 海音 (Haiyin) "the sea's melody; the sound of the sea"
  • 花娜 (Huana) "flower-like grace"
  • 欢悦 (Huanyue)
  • 惠 (Hui)
  • 慧 (Hui)
  • 惠凤 (Huifeng, Hwei-fong)
  • 慧凤 (Huifeng, Hwei-fong)
  • 恵伶 (Huiling, Hwei-ling)
  • 惠瑛 (Huiying, Hwei-ing)
  • 佳丽 (Jiali, Chiali, Ga-lai) "beautiful, beauty"
  • 江惠 (Jianghui, Chiang-hui, Chiang-hwei)
  • 锦琳 (Jinlin, Chin-lin)
  • 锦蔺 (Jinlin, Chin-lin)
  • 嘉霓 (Jiani, Chia-ni, Ga-ngaih) "excellent, distinguished rainbow; to praise or commend the rainbow"
  • 姣 (Jiao, Chiao, Gau) "beautiful"
  • (Jihong)
  • (Jingmei)
  • 金美 (Jinmei, Chinmei, Gam-mei) "golden beauty"
  • 金梅 (Jinmei, Chinmei, Gam-mui) "golden plum"
  • 金花 (Jinhua, Gam-fa) "golden flower"
  • 乐映 (Leying, Lok-ing) "enjoyment reflects, mirrors, or shines"
  • 莲花 (Lianhua, Lienhua, Lin-fa) "lotus flower, lotus blossom"
  • 莲英 (Lianying, Lien-ing, Lin-ing) "lotus flower, lotus blossom, lotus hero"
  • (Lihong)
  • (Lihua)
  • (Limei)
  • (Limin)
  • 丽铭 (Liming)
  • 琳 (Lin) "fine jade"
  • 丽娜 (Lina) "pretty and graceful"
  • 玲 (Ling)
  • 玲菲 (Lingfei)
  • 玲曼 (Lingman)
  • 玲艳 (Lingyan)
  • 琳维 (Linwei)
  • 琳耀 (Linyao)
  • 丽萍 (Liping)
  • 丽琴 (Liqin, Li-ch'in)
  • 丽荣 (Lirong)
  • 丽玮 (Liwei)
  • 丽雅 (Liya) "gorgeously elegant, refined, and proper"
  • 丽叶 (Liye) "pretty leaves"
  • 美楚 (Meichu)
  • 美娟 (Meijuan)
  • 美丽 (Meili) "beautiful, pretty"
  • 美莲 (Meilian, Meilien, Mei-lin) "beautiful lotus"
  • 美琳 (Meilin) "beautiful precious jade"
  • 美玲 (Meiling, May-ling) "beautiful jade tinklings"
  • 美伶 (Meiling, May-ling) "beautiful and clever; beautiful actress or performer"
  • 美素 (Meisu, Mei-sou, May-sue) "beautiful element, beautiful essence; beautifully plain, simple, white, and unadorned"
  • 美桃 (Meitao) "beautiful peach"
  • 梅幸 (Meixing, Mei-hsing)
  • 梅贞 (Meizhen, Mei-chen)
  • 明芳 (Mingfang)
  • 鸣莉 (Mingli)
  • 鸣羽 (Mingyu)
  • 茗悦 (Mingyue)
  • 娜 (Na) "phonetic na, graceful, elegant"
  • 妮娜 (Nina) "Nina; graceful young girl"
  • 佩君 (Peijun)
  • 萍蕊 (Pingrui, Ping-rwei, Ping-yeui, Ping-yeoi) "duckweed stamens/unopened flower buds"
  • 琪 (Qi, Chi, Ch'i, Kei, Kay, Kaye) "fine jade"
  • 琦 (Qi, Chi, Ch'i, Kei, Kay, Kaye) "precious stone, unique and admirable"
  • 绮 (Qi, Chi, Ch'i, I, Yi) "damask, fine woven thin silk, beautiful"
  • (Qinmei, Chinmei, Ch'inmei)
  • (Qiutian, Chiu-tien, Ch'iu-tien)
  • 荣芳 (Rongfang, Wing-fong) "luxuriantly thriving, glorified sweet fragrance"
  • 荣美 (Rongmei, Wing-mei) "prosperous, glorified beauty"
  • 荣芯 (Rongxin, Rong-hsin, Wing-sam) "luxuriantly thriving, glorified rush pith"
  • 荣珍 (Rongzhen, Rong-chen, Wing-jan) "prospering, thriving, luxurious treasure"
  • 瑞萍 (Ruiping, Rwei-ping, Seui-ping, Seoi-ping) "lucky omen duckweed"
  • (Shufang) "graceful fragrant"
  • (Shuyan, Shu-yen) "graceful swallow"
  • (Songlian, Sung-lien)
  • (Suchen)
  • (Suchu)
  • (Songli, Sung-li)
  • (Suyin)
  • (Suying)
  • (Tianyun, Tien-yun)
  • (Tiankai, Tien-kai)
  • 婷燕 (Tingyan)
  • (Tongmei, Tung-mei)
  • 婉 (Wan, Yun) "tactful, polite, subtle, graceful"
  • 婉婷 (Wanting, Yunting, Yun-ting)
  • (Wangfen)
  • 伟丽 (Weili, Wai-lai) "imposing and beautiful, greatly pretty"
  • 文丽 (Wenli, Man-lai) "literature prettiness"
  • 雯丽 (Wenli, Man-lai) "pretty like colorful clouds"
  • (Wenhuan)
  • 夏和 (Xiahe, Hsia-he, Ha-wo)
  • 夏梦 (Xiameng, Hsia-meng, Ha-mung) "summer dream" → in reference to Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream «仲夏夜之梦»
  • (Xiangling)
  • 香雨 (Xiangyu, Hsiang-yu, Siang-ik, Heung-yu) "sweet-smelling rain"
  • (Xiaohong, Hsiaohong, Hsiao-hong)
  • (Xiaoxing, Hsiao-hsing)
  • (Xiaoxuan, Hsiao-hsuan)
  • 欣? (Xin, Hsin)
  • 馨蕾 (Xinlei, Hsinlei, Hing-leuih) "strongly fragrant flower bud"
  • 欣怡 (Xinyi, Hsinyi, Hsin-yi, Hsin-i)
  • 秀丽 (Xiuli, Hsiuli, Hsiou-li, Sau-lai) "beautiful, pretty"
  • 希望 (Xiwang, Hsiwang, Hei-mong) "hope, wish, expectation"
  • 绚丽 (Xuanli, Hsuanli, Hyun-lai) "gorgeous and magnificent"
  • 雪芳 (Xuefang, Hsue-fang, Hsye-fang, Syut-fong) "snow fragrance"
  • 雪娜 (Xuena) "graceful as snow"
  • 艳俊 (Yanjun)
  • 艳丽 (Yanli, Yenli, Im-lai) "bright-colored and garishly beautiful"
  • 怡荣 (Yirong)
  • 永美 (Yongmei, Wing-mei) "forever beautiful, eternal beauty"
  • Yuewan
  • Yueyan
  • Yueying
  • 玉美 (Yumei, Yuk-mei) "jade-like beauty"
  • 玉丽 (Yuli, Yuk-lai) "pretty as jade"
  • 玉瑞 (Yurui, Yuk-seui, Yuk-seoi) "auspicious jade token, precious omen of luck"
  • 玉蕊 (Yurui, Yuk-yeui, Yuk-yeoi) "jade buds, jade stamens, a type of traditional Chinese bud-only tea"
  • 玉润 (Yurun, Yuk-yeun) "smooth as jade" (especially of a woman's skin)
  • 芸 (Yun)
  • 允萍 (Yunping)
  • 韵绮 (Yunqi)
  • 珍安 (Zhen'an)
  • 珍娟 (Zhenjuan)
  • 珍莉 (Zhenli)
  • 珠涵 (Zhuhan)

Masculine given names[edit | edit source]

Here are examples of Chinese masculine given names.

  • 诚明 (Chengming, Sing-ming)
  • 诚德 (Chengde, Sing-dak)
  • 崇良 (Chongliang, Jung-liang, Sung-leung)
  • 德世 (Deshi, De-shih, Dak-sai)
  • 东华 (Donghua) "eastern splendor, magnificence of the East, east China"
  • 恩赉 (Enlai) "favor and kindness will grant"
  • 敢豪 (Ganhao, Kan-hau, Gam-hou, Kam-ho) "brave, bold, wealthy, and powerful person"
  • 敢晃 (Ganhuang)
  • 刚勝 (Gangsheng)
  • 东海 (Haidong, Hai-tung, Hoi-tung) "to the eastern side of the sea"
  • 鸿财 (Hongcai, Hong-tsai, Hung-choi) "grand wealth and fortunes"
  • 鸿泉 (Hongquan, Hong-ch'uan, Hung-chyun) "grand water spring"
  • 鸿雁 (Hongyan, Hung-ngan) "grand swan goose"
  • 佳亮 (Jialiang, Chia-liang, Gai-leung) "fine bright light"
  • 健刚 (Jiangang, Chien-kang, Gin-gong, Kin-kong) "healthy, strong, indomitable, and unyielding"
  • 建国 (Jianguo, Chien-kuo, Gin-gwok, Kin-kwok) "building and establishing the country"
  • 建宁 (Jianning, Chien-ning, Gin-ning, Kin-ning) "building and establishing tranquility"
  • 建平 (Jianping, Chien-ping, Gin-ping, Kin-ping)
  • 建叡 (Jianrui, Chien-rwei, Gin-yeui, Kin-yeui) "building and establishing astute farsightedness"
  • 建泰 (Jiantai, Chien-tai, Chien-t'ai, Gin-tai, Kin-tai) "building and establishing peace"
  • 家宇 (Jiayu) "house eaves"
  • 靖伟 (Jingwei, Ching-wei, Jing-wai, Ching-wai)
  • 景值 (Jingzhi, Jing-chih, Ching-chih, Ging-jik)
  • 举隆 (Julong, Chu-long, Ch'u-long, Geui-lung) "to lift, raise, or elect the grand, magnificent, and thriving"
  • 凯翔 (Kaixiang, Kai-hsiang, Hoi-cheung)
  • 凯宣 (Kaixuan, Kai-hsuan, Hoi-syun)
  • 康 (Kang, Hong) "healthy; well-being; abundant"
  • 康力 (Kangli, Hong-lik) "healthy power; healthy, robust, and mighty powerful"
  • 良德 (Liangde)
  • 连俊 (Lianjun, Lien-chun)
  • 连伟 (Lianwei)
  • 龙文 (Longwen, Lung-wen) "dragon script; dragon scripture; dragon literature"
  • 龙之 (Longzhi, Lung-chih) "the dragon's; of the dragon"
  • 铭翰 (Minghan)
  • 明威 (Mingwei, Ming-wai)
  • 敏宇 (Minyu, Man-yu) "quick-witted, agile, nimble, keen, clever" + "eaves, room, space, universe"
  • 祺伟 (Qiwei, Ch'iwei, Kei-wai) "auspicious greatness"
  • 仁 (Ren, Yan, Yen) "benevolence, humanity"
  • 仁亮 (Renliang)
  • 山博 (Shanbo)
  • 山忠 (Shanzhong, Shan-chung)
  • 绍琪 (Shaoqi)
  • 盛冠 (Shengguan) "the flourishing, energetic, prevailing champion"
  • 诗庭 (Shiting, Shih-ting, Si-ting) "main hall of poems"
  • 示伟 (Shiwei) "to show greatness; to reveal greatness"
  • 顺定 (Shunding)
  • 伟 (Wei) "great, grand"
  • 伟国 (Weiguo) "great country; great nation"
  • 伟和 (Weihe) "“great harmony; great japan"
  • 韦宏 (Weihong)
  • 惟民 (Weimin)
  • 威盛 (Weisheng)
  • 惟彦 (Weiyan)
  • 雄朗 (Xionglang, Hsiong-lang)
  • 旭达 (Xuda, Hsu-da, Yuk-dat) "to extend and reach [the goal] at daybreak's first sunlight"
  • 旭挖 (Xuwa, Hsu-wa, Yuk-wat) "to dig, excavate, and explore at daybreak's first sunlight"
  • 彦鸿 (Yanhong, Yin-hung)
  • 雅顺 (Yashun, Nga-seun, Ngah-seun) "elegantly smooth and successful, neatly-arranged, well-written, properly obeying"
  • 奕杰 (Yijie, Ichieh, Ik-git) "great outstanding hero"
  • 毅聆 (Yiling, I-ling)
  • 奕敏 (Yimin, I-min, Ik-man) "great quick-witted nimbleness"
  • 志超 (Zhichao, Chih-chao)
  • 志源 (Zhiyuan, Chih-yuan)
  • 忠养 (Zhongyang, Chung-yang, Jung-yeung) "raised to be loyal and faithful; devoted cultivation"
  • 倬然 (Zhuoran, Chuo-ran, Cheuk-yin) "notable, outstanding, striking, distinct"
  • 子轩 (Zixuan)
  • 梓轩 (Zixuan)

Unisex given names[edit | edit source]

Here are examples of Chinese unisex and gender-neutral given names.

  • 宝熙 (Baoxi, Pau-hsi, Bou-hei) "bright treasured sunny warmth; this treasure is prosperous, happy, and content"
  • 宝玉 (Baoyu, Pao-i, Bou-yuk) "rare and treasured jade"
  • 炳晴 (Bingqing, Ping-ching, Ping-ch'ing) "splendid clarity"
  • 畅永 (Changyong, Cheung-wing) "free and worry-less forever"
  • 潮汐 (Chaoxi, Chao-hsi, Chiu-jik) "morning and night tides"
  • 春梦 (Chunmeng, Cheun-mung) "spring dream; fleeting illusion"
  • 聪 (Cong, Tsong, Tsung, Chung) "clever, wise, having good hearing and comprehension"
  • 丹 (Dan) "cinnabar; bright vermilion red"
  • 泛 (Fan) "general, surface-deep, mediocre, ordinary, common"
  • 繁 (Fan) "numerous, manifold, multitudinous, complex, to propagate, to multiply"
  • 昉 (Fang, Fong) "dawn, to dawn on, to begin"
  • 海夏 (Haixia, Hai-hsia, Haisia, Hoi-ha) "summer at the ocean"
  • 海英 (Haiying, Hai-ing, Hoi-ing) "ocean hero; ocean flower"
  • 和平 (Heping, Ho-ping, Wo-ping) "peace, peaceful"
  • 赫秀 (Hexiu, He-hsiu, Ho-hsiu, Hak-sau) "grandiosely conspicuous, awe-inspiring, and talented person"
  • 佳宁 (Jianing, Chia-ning, Gai-ning) "fine tranquility; beautiful and tranquil"
  • 晶灵 (Jingling, Ching-ling) "crystal, quartz, sparkling" + "spirit, soul; sharp, quick, and intelligent; effective"
  • 金国 (Jinguo, Chin-kuo, Chin-kwok, Gam-gwok, Kam-kwok, Kim-kok) "golden country"
  • 均吉 (Junji, Chun-chi, Gwan-gat, Kwan-kat) "equal good lucks; evenly-spread auspiciousness; all auspice without exception"
  • 霖畅 (Linchang, Lam-cheung) "continuous rain pouring freely, unimpededly"
  • 霖昌 (Linchang, Lam-cheung) "continuous rain [makes us] prosperous and flourishing"
  • 霖善 (Linshan, Lam-sin) "the good virtue of the continuous rain"
  • 栗暄 (Lixuan) "chestnut" + "sunshine; warm and sunny; fluffy and soft"
  • 敏 (Min, Man) "quick-witted, agile, nimble, keen, clever"
  • 明华 (Minghua, Ming-wa, Ming-wah) "bright, clear, and distinct splendor; splendor of justice and the light"
  • 明瑶 (Mingyao, Ming-yiu)
  • 平和 (Pinghe, Ping-ho, Ping-wo) "gentle, mild, placid"
  • 祺密 (Qimi, Chimi, Ch'i-mi, Kei-mat) "the secret to auspiciousness, felicity, and best wishes"
  • (Qiming, Chi-ming, Ch'i-ming)
  • (Qingkuan, Ching-kwan)
  • (Qinglai, Chinglai)
  • (Qingyu, Ching-yu, Ching-i)
  • (Qingyuan, Ching-yuen, Ch'ing-yuan)
  • (Qingxi, Ching-hsi, Ch'ing-hsi)
  • 诗亭 (Shiting, Shih-ting, Si-ting) "pavilion of poems"
  • 顺心 (Shunxin, Shun-hsin, Seun-sam) "satisfactory, satisfying, pleasing, to agree with the heart, in accordance to desires"
  • 彤语 (Tongyu, Tung-yu) "scarlet language"
  • 文采 (Wencai, Wen-tsai, Man-choi) "literary talent and grace, gorgeously rich and bright colors"
  • 显瑛 (Xianying, Hsien-ying, Hsien-ing, Hin-ying, Hinying)
  • 晓辰 (Xiaochen, Hsiao-chen, Hiu-san, Hyusan) "celestial bodies at dawn"
  • Xiaoqiu, Hsiao-chiu, Hsiao-ch'iu
  • Xiaoyi, Hsiao-yi, Hsiao-i
  • Xianghan, Hsiang-han
  • Xianyuan, Hsien-yuan
  • 星礼 (Xingli, Hsingli) "star gift; gift of the star; the star's courtesy; starry manners"
  • 欣倩 (Xinqian, Hsin-chien, Hsin-ch'ien, Yen-sin) "joyfully pretty/handsome"
  • 秀英 (Xiuying, Hsiu-ying, Hsiu-ing, Siu-ing, Sau-ing) "intelligent, beautiful, and talented hero/flower"
  • 雪亮 (Xueliang, Hsue-liang, Hsueh-liang, Sueliang, Syut-leung) "bright as snow"
  • 映 (Ying)
  • 意容 (Yirong)
  • 意泽 (Yize)
  • Yueyou
  • Yujie
  • Zhaoying
  • Ziping, Tzu-ping, Tzih-ping, Tze-ping, Tse-ping
  • Zitong, Tzu-tong, Tzih-tong, Tze-tung, Tse-tung
  • Zixi, Tzu-hsi, Tzih-hsi, Tze-hsi, Tse-hsi

Nicknames[edit | edit source]

Chinese nicknames stem from either diminutives of the given name, diminutives of the family name, [diminutives of] the person’s foreign/western name, words relating to the person’s characteristics and traits, words that a close friend or relative deemed as matching the person’s vibes, random cutesy or pretty words they like, terms of endearment, inner jokes, or even titles and lines of work. Generally, nicknames are only used by people who are well acquainted with each other (friends, co-workers, etc.) or by fans of celebrities and public figures. It's not customary for strangers and newly-made friends to start using nicknames right away. Here are the most common formulas to get a nickname:

阿 + a compound from the given name[edit | edit source]

阿 is a prefix used by southerners at the start of nicknames, titles, or terms of address to indicate familiarity or informality. It is not part of the person's name. The most common practice is to use the very last compound of the name, but using one from the middle can also be done, as it is mostly a matter of the name bearer's preference. For example:

  • 阿达 (Ada, Adat, Ah-dat) → for someone surnamed 达 Da, or has 达 Da in their name
  • 阿红 (Ahong, Ahung, Ah-hong, Aang, Ah-ang) → for someone surnamed 红 Hong, or has 红 Hong in their name
  • 阿金 (Ajin, Achin, Agam, Akam, Ah-gam, Ah-kam, Akim, Ah-kim) "goldie" → for someone surnamed 金 Jin, or has 金 Jin in their name
  • 阿蓝 (Alan, Alam, Ah-lam) "blue-y" → for someone with 蓝 Lan in their name
  • 阿香 (Axiang, Ahsiang, Ah-hsiang, Aheung, Ah-heung) → for someone with 香 Xiang in their name
  • 阿祥 (Axiang, Ahsiang, Ah-hsiang, Acheung, Ah-cheung) → for someone with 祥 Xiang in their name
  • 阿燕 (Ayan, Ayin, Ah-yin) → for someone with 燕 Yan in their name
  • 阿艳 (Ayan, Ayim, Ah-yim) → for someone with 艳 Yan in their name
  • 阿彦 (Ayan, Ayin, Ah-yin) → for someone with 彦 Yan in their name
  • 阿延 (Ayan, Ayin, Ah-yin) → for someone surnamed 延 Yan, or has 延 Yan in their name
阿 + a family name[edit | edit source]

For example:

  • 阿达 (Ada, Adat, Ah-dat) → for someone surnamed 达 Da, or has 达 Da in their name
  • 阿红 (Ahong, Ahung, Ah-hong, Aang, Ah-ang) → for someone surnamed 红 Hong, or has 红 Hong in their name
  • 阿金 (Ajin, Achin, Agam, Akam, Ah-gam, Ah-kam, Akim, Ah-kim) "goldie" → for someone surnamed 金 Jin, or has 金 Jin in their name
  • 阿林 (Alin, Alam, Ah-lam, Alim, Ah-lim) "forresty" → for someone surnamed 林 Lin, or has 林 Lin in their name
  • 阿延 (Ayan, Ayin, Ah-yin) → for someone surnamed 延 Yan, or has 延 Yan in their name
Repetition of a compound from the given name[edit | edit source]

Repetition of sound is generally viewed as cutesy-fying someone's name, and therefore is more commonly done to girls' names than boys'. The most common practice is to use the very last compound of the name, but using one from the middle can also be done, as it is mostly a matter of the name bearer's preference. For example:

  • 安安 (Anan, An'an, On-on) "safe and sound; secure; at ease" → for someone with 安 An in their name
  • 凡凡 (Fanfan) "ordinary, mundane, of the mortal world, all, altogether" → for someone with 凡 Fan in their name
  • 泛泛 (Fanfan) "very general, surface-deep, mediocre, ordinary, common" → for someone with 泛 Fan in their name
  • 繁繁 (Fanfan) "very numerous, manifold, multitudinous, complex, to propagate, to multiply" → for someone with 繁 Fan in their name
  • 芬芬 (Fenfen, Fanfan) "fragrance aroma" → for someone with 芬 Fen in their name
  • 凤凤 (Fengfeng, Fongfong) "phoenix phoenix" → for someone with 凤 Feng in their name
  • 河河 (Hehe, Hoho, Haha) "river river" → for someone with 河 He in their name
  • 丽丽 (Lili) → for someone with 丽 Li in their name
  • 莉莉 (Lili) → for someone with 莉 Li in their name
  • 美美 (Meimei) "beautiful beauty" → for someone with 美 Mei in their name
  • 米米 (Mimi, Maimai) "grain grain, or rice rice" → for someone with 米 Mi in their name, or used for the phonetic value of "mimi"
  • 润润 (Runrun, Yeun-yeun) "moist, damp, smooth and sleek, glossy" → for someone with 润 Run in their name
  • 婷婷 (Tingting) "slender and graceful woman" → for someone with 婷 Ting in their name
  • 星星 (Xingxing, Hsing-hsing) "starry stars; many stars" → for someone with 星 Xing in their name
  • 秀秀 (Xiuxiu) "excellent and talented" → for someone with 秀 Xiu in their name
  • 雅雅 (Yaya) "standard, proper, refined, elegant" → for someone with 雅 Ya in their name
  • 燕燕 (Yanyan) "swallow swallow" (the bird of the hirundinidae genus) → for someone with 燕 Yan in their name
  • 映映 (Yingying) "to shine, to reflect (light), to project (images)" → for someone with 映 Ying in their name
Repetition of the family name[edit | edit source]

The main custom for addressing people by their family names is to tack on the appropriate kinship prefix or suffix to them. This makes repeating the family name or a character from the family name(s)—with or without a kinship affix—occur a great deal less often than repetition of the given name. However, it can be done. For example:

  • 凤凤 (Fengfeng, Fongfong) "phoenix phoenix" → for someone surnamed 凤 Feng
  • 河河 (Hehe, Hoho, Haha) "river river" → for someone surnamed 河 He
  • 林林 (Linlin, Lam-lam, Limlim) "forest forest" → for someone surnamed 林 Lin
  • 米米 (Mimi, Maimai) "grain grain, or rice rice" → for someone surnamed 米 Mi
  • 秦秦 (Qinqin, Chin-chin, Ch'in-ch'in) → for someone surnamed 秦 Qin
小 + a compound from the given name[edit | edit source]

Nicknames with the character 小 are used to refer to people younger or of similar age as the speaker, or physically shorter than but of the same generation range as the speaker, because it means "small, little, young". These nicknames indicate close familiarity between the speaker and the addressed, therefore they should not be used by strangers and distant acquaintances. The most common practice is to use the very last compound of the name, but using one from the middle can also be done, as it is mostly a matter of the name bearer's preference. For example:

  • 小菲
  • 小丽
  • 小美 (Xiaomei, Siu-mei, Sio-bi) "little beauty" → for someone with 美 Mei in their name
  • 小默
小 + a family name[edit | edit source]

Same rules for 小 apply. For example:

  • 小黄 (Xiaohuang, Siu-wong) "little yellow" → for someone surnamed 黄 Huang
  • 小林 (Xiaolin, Siu-lam, Sio-lim) "little forest" → for someone surnamed 林 Lin
  • 小王 (Xiaowang, Siu-wong, Sio-ong) "little king" → for someone surnamed 王 Wang
Personal attributes[edit | edit source]

For example:

  • 美男 (Meinan) "pretty boy; beautiful man" → jocular nickname for a masculine individual regarded to be pretty, handsome, or attractive, used only by those who are close to the individual and know them well, otherwise it may sound insulting
  • 美女 (Meinü, Meinv) "pretty girl; beautiful woman" → general term for a feminine individual regarded to be pretty, beautiful, or attractive
  • 猛男 (Mengnan) "hunk; handsome, robust, athletic guy" → casual, sometimes jocular, nickname for a guy who is a good-looking piece of hunk
  • 帅哥 (Shuaige, Seui-go, Seui-goh, Seoi-go) "handsome and clever brother" → for a masculine individual of the speaker's generation range—though usually not biologically related to the speaker—who is just downright dashing
  • 小美 (Xiaomei, Syu-mei, Sio-bi) "little beauty" → for someone younger or of similar age as the speaker, who is popular for being pretty
Based on relationship with the speaker[edit | edit source]

For example:

  • 老板
  • 爷爷
  • 太太
  • 叔叔
  • 哥们
  • 哥们儿
  • 哥哥
  • 小哥 (Xiaoge) "small older brother" → within family, for older brothers and cousins who are close to one's age. For non-family members, this kinship term is used for a masculine individual of the speaker's generation, ranging from slightly younger to considerably older than the speaker. Also used by adults to refer to young boys—especially those with younger siblings—to make them feel big and respected.
  • 小弟
  • 小姐姐 (Xiaojiejie) "small older sister" → within family, for older sisters and cousins who are close to one's age. For non-family members, this kinship term is used for a feminine individual of the speaker's generation, ranging from slightly younger to considerably older than the speaker. Also used by adults to refer to young girls—especially those with younger siblings—to make them feel big and respected.
  • 小妹
  • 姑娘

Family names[edit | edit source]

Top 30 (PRC only, 2018)[edit | edit source]

  1. 王 Wang, Wong, Ong, Vong
  2. 李 Li, Lee, Lie, Lei
  3. 张 Zhang, Chang, Cang, Jhang, Jeung, Cheung, Tio, Tiu, Tiau, Teo, Theo, Thio, Chong, Diong
  4. 刘 Liu, Liow, Liou, Lio, Lew, Lau, Law, Lao, Lieu
  5. 陈 Chen, Chan, Can, Tan, Chhun, Chun, Ding, Deng, Dang, Zen
  6. 杨 Yang, Young, Yeung, Yoeng, Joeng, Io, Yo, Yeo, Yeoh, Iu, Yu, Chhiu, Chhio, Yong, Yon, Yen, Hhian
  7. 黄 Huang, Hwang, Wong, Vong, Ng, Ui, Uy, Oey, Wi, Wee, Huan, Hhuaan, Uan, Wan
  8. 赵 Zhao, Chao, Chau, Chaw, Jhao, Jhaw, Jaw, Jiu, Chiu, Chyu, Ziu, Tio, Tiao, Chheu, Diau, Dieu, Zau
  9. 吴 Wu, U, Oo, Woo, Ng, Ngo, Go, Goh, Vu, Ngu, Ghou, Hu, Hhu
  10. 周 Zhou, Chou, Chow, Jhou, Jhow, Joe, Jau, Chau, Zau, Chiu, Ciu, Ziu, Chu, Ciu, Tseu
  11. 徐 Xu, Hsu, Hs'u, Hsyu, Shu, Shoo, Shoe, Shew, Shyu, Cheui, Ceoi, Tsui, Chi, Chee, Chhi, Ce, Xxi
  12. 孙 Sun, Soon, Syun, Sng, Sung, Song, Sen
  13. 马 Ma, Mah, Mak, Maa, Bhe, Be, Mo
  14. 朱 Zhu, Chu, Choo, Jyu, Cyu, Chiu, Zyu, Cu, Zu, Tsr
  15. 胡 Hu, Hoo, Who, Wu, Woo, U, O, Oh, Ou, Fu
  16. 郭 Guo, Kuo, Kwo, Kwok, Kuok, Gwo, Gwok, Gwoh, Guok, Koeh, Keh, Kok, Quock, Quoc, Gua, Gwa, Kua, Kwa
  17. 何 He, Ho, Hoh, Hok, O, Oh
  18. 林 Lin, Lynn, Lam, Lum, Lim, Liem, Ling, Lang
  19. 高 Gao, Kao, Ko, Gou, Gow, Kou, Kow, Gau, Gaw, Kau, Kaw, Go
  20. 罗 Luo, Lo, Loh, Low, Law
  21. 郑 Zheng, Cheng, Jheng, Zeng, Te, Ti, Tee, Chng, Cheang, Chiang, Chang, Thang, Tay, Teh
  22. 梁 Liang, Leung, Loeng, Leong, Leng, Liong, Niu, Nio, Neo
  23. 谢 Xie, Hsieh, Hsie, Sie, Sieh, Ze, Che, Tse, Sia, Chia, Cheah, Tshia
  24. 宋 Song, Sung, Sang, Soong
  25. 唐 Tang, Tong, Tng, Teng, Thong, T'ang
  26. 许 Xu, Hsu, Hsyu, Hs'u, Shu, Shyu, Su, Syu, Heoi, Hoi, Hui, Kho, Khoh, Koh, Ko, Hi, Hee, Hie, He
  27. 邓 Deng, Teng, Dang, Tang, Theng, Dng, Tng, Then, Ten
  28. 韩 Han, Hon
  29. 冯 Feng, Fung, Fong, Foong, Pang
  30. 草 Cao, Tsao, Cou, Chou, Cho, Tso, Chow, Chaw

Others[edit | edit source]

Hundred Family Surnames (百家姓 baijiaxing)

  • 安 An, Ann, On
  • 卬 Ang, Yeung, Yoeng, Joeng
  • 敖 Ao, Au, Aw, Aok, Ngou, Ngow
  • 巴 Ba, Pa
  • 仈 Ba, Pa
  • 百 Bai, Pai, Bak, Pak
  • 白 Bai, Pai, Bak, Pak
  • 柏 Bai, Pai, Pak
  • 班 Ban, Pan
  • 包 Bao, Pao, Bau, Pau, Pow, Paw, Bow
  • 暴 Bao, Pao, Bou, Pou, Bow
  • 鲍 Bao, Pao, Bau, Pau, Pow, Paw, Bow
  • 毕 Bi, Bee, Pi, Pee, Pie, Bat, Pat
  • 邲 Bi, Bee, Pi, Pee, Pie, Bei, Bey, Pei, Pey
  • 卞 Bian, Bien, Pien, Bin, Pin
  • 秉 Bing, Ping
  • 邴 Bing, Ping
  • 薄 Bo, Po, Boh, Poh, Bok, Pok
  • 步 Bu, Boo, Pu, Poo, Bou, Pou, Bow
  • 卜 Bu, Boo, Pu, Poo, Bak, Pak
  • 蔡 Cai, Tsai, Choi, Choy, Coi, Choa, Chwa, Chua, Cwa, Tswa, Tjwa, Tjai
  • 柴 Chai
  • 朝 Chao, Chiu, Chyu, Chew
  • 巢 Chao, Chau, Chaw
  • 晁 Chao, Chiu, Chyu, Chew
  • 鼂 Chao, Chiu, Chyu, Chew
  • 车 Che
  • 成 Cheng, Sing
  • 程 Cheng, Ching
  • 承 Cheng, Sing
  • 澄 Cheng, Ching
  • 乘 Cheng, Sing
  • 晟 Cheng, Sing
  • 庱 Cheng
  • 郕 Cheng, Sing
  • 迟 Chi, Chih, Chee
  • 池 Chi, Chih, Chee
  • 蚩 Chi, Chih, Chee
  • 崇 Chong, Chung, Jung, Sung
  • 丑 Chou, Chow, Chau, Chaw
  • 楚 Chu, Choo, Cho
  • 储 Chu, Choo, Chiu, Chyu, Chew
  • 禇 Chu, Choo, Chiu, Chyu, Chew
  • 鄐 Chu, Choo, Chuk, Chook
  • 钏 Chuan, Chwan, Cwan, Chyun, Chiun, Cyun
  • 春 Chun, Choon, Cheun, Choen, Ceon
  • 从 Cong, Tsong, Tsung, Chung, Cung
  • 琮 Cong, Tsong, Tsung, Chung, Cung
  • 爨 Cuan, Cwan, Tsuan, Tswan, Chyun, Chiun, Cyun
  • 崔 Cui, Cwei, Cuei, Cuey, Tsuei, Tsuey, Tswei, Cheui, Ceoi
  • 达 Da, Ta, Dat, Tat
  • 笪 Da, Ta, Dat, Tat
  • 戴 Dai, Tai
  • 翟 Di, Dee, Ti, Tee, Dik, Tik
  • 狄 Di, Dee, Ti, Tee, Dik, Tik
  • 刁 Diao, Tiao, Tiau, Tiaw, Diu, Dyu, Tiu, Tyu
  • 丁 Ding, Ting
  • 东 Dong, Tong, Tung, Dung
  • 冬 Dong, Tong, Tung, Dung
  • 董 Dong, Tong, Tung, Dung
  • 东方 Dongfang, Tongfang, Tungfang, Tungfong, Dungfang
  • 窦 Dou, Dow, Dough, Tou, Tow, Dau, Daw, Tau, Taw
  • 杜 Du, Tu, Doo, Too, Dou, Dow, Dough, Tou, Tow
  • 都 Du, Tu, Doo, Too, Dou, Dow, Dough, Tou, Tow
  • 段 Duan, Dwan, Tuan, Twan, Dyun, Diun, Tyun, Tiun
  • 法 Fa, Fat
  • 范 Fan
  • 樊 Fan
  • 方 Fang, Fong, Fung
  • 房 Fang, Fong, Fung
  • 坊 Fang, Fong, Fung
  • 费 Fei, Fey, Fay, Faye, Fai
  • 斐 Fei, Fey, Fay, Faye
  • 封 Feng, Fung
  • 凤 Feng, Fung
  • 丰 Feng, Fung
  • 酆 Feng, Fung
  • 富 Fu, Foo, Fuk
  • 付 Fu, Foo, Fuk
  • 伏 Fu, Foo, Fuk
  • 福 Fu, Foo, Fuk
  • 符 Fu, Foo, Fuk
  • 傅 Fu, Foo, Fuk
  • 赅 Gai, Kai, Goi, Goy, Koi, Koy
  • 甘 Gan, Kan, Kam, Gam, Gum
  • 干 Gan, Kan, Kam, Gon, Kon, Gone
  • 港 Gang, Kang, Gong, Kong, Kung
  • 郜 Gao, Kao, Ko, Gou, Gow, Kou, Kow, Gau, Gaw, Kau, Kaw, Go
  • 葛 Ge, Ke, Got, Kot
  • 盖 Ge, Ke, Goi, Goy, Koi, Koy
  • 戈 Ge, Ke, Gwo, Guo, Kwo, Kuo
  • 鬲 Ge, Ke, Lik
  • 根 Gen, Ken, Gan, Kan
  • 亘 Gen, Ken, Gang, Kang
  • 耿 Geng, Keng, Kng, Gang, Kang
  • 宫 Gong, Kong, Kung, Gung
  • 贡 Gong, Kong, Kung, Gung
  • 公 Gong, Kong, Kung, Gung
  • 弓 Gong, Kong, Kung, Gung
  • 龚 Gong, Kong, Kung, Gung
  • 工 Gong, Kong, Kung, Gung
  • 功 Gong, Kong, Kung, Gung
  • 缑 Gou, Kou, Kow, Gow, Go, Ko, Gau, Gaw, Kau, Kaw
  • 苟 Gou, Kou, Kow, Gow, Go, Ko, Gau, Gaw, Kau, Kaw
  • 勾 Gou, Kou, Kow, Gow, Go, Ko, Ngau, Ngaw
  • 古 Gu, Goo, Ku, Koo
  • 谷 Gu, Goo, Ku, Koo, Guk, Kuk, Cook, Kook, Gook
  • 顾 Gu, Goo, Ku, Koo
  • 辜 Gu, Goo, Ku, Koo
  • 关 Guan, Gwan, Kuan, Kwan
  • 管 Guan, Gwan, Kuan, Kwan, Gun, Kun, Koon, Goon
  • 官 Guan, Gwan, Kuan, Kwan, Gun, Kun, Koon, Goon
  • 观 Guan, Gwan, Kuan, Kwan, Gun, Kun, Koon, Goon
  • 冠 Guan, Gwan, Kuan, Kwan, Gun, Kun, Koon, Goon
  • 筦 Guan, Gwan, Kuan, Kwan, Gun, Kun, Koon, Goon
  • 归 Gui, Gwei, Guei, Guey, Kwei, Kuei, Kuey, Gwai, Kwai, Kuai, Guai
  • 桂 Gui, Gwei, Guei, Guey, Kwei, Kuei, Kuey, Gwai, Kwai, Kuai, Guai
  • 妫 Gui, Gwei, Guei, Guey, Kwei, Kuei, Kuey, Gwai, Kwai, Kuai, Guai
  • 炅 Gui, Gwei, Guei, Guey, Kwei, Kuei, Kuey, Gwai, Kwai, Kuai, Guai
  • 邽 Gui, Gwei, Guei, Guey, Kwei, Kuei, Kuey, Gwai, Kwai, Kuai, Guai
  • 炔 Gui, Gwei, Guei, Guey, Kwei, Kuei, Kuey, Kyut, Kiut, Cute
  • 过 Guo, Kuo, Kwo, Kwok, Kuok, Gwo, Gwok, Gwoh, Guok, Quock, Quoc
  • 国 Guo, Kuo, Kwo, Kwok, Kuok, Gwo, Gwok, Gwoh, Guok, Quock, Quoc
  • 呙 Guo, Kuo, Kwo, Kwok, Kuok, Gwo, Gwok, Gwoh, Guok, Quock, Quoc, Gwa, Gua, Kwa, Kua
  • 虢 Guo, Kuo, Kwo, Kwok, Kuok, Gwo, Gwok, Gwoh, Guok, Quock, Quoc, Gwik, Guik, Guick, Kwik, Kuik, Quick
  • 海 Hai, High, Hi, Hoi, Hoy
  • 翰 Han, Hon
  • 寒 Han, Hon
  • 含 Han, Ham
  • 函 Han, Ham
  • 航 Hang, Hung, Hong
  • 杭 Hang, Hung, Hong
  • 郝 Hao, Hau, How, Haw, Ho, Hou, Hoh, Hok, Kok
  • 昊 Hao, Hau, How, Haw, Ho, Hou, Hoh, Hok
  • 和 He, Hek, Wo, Woh, Ho
  • 河 He, Hek, Hoh, Ho
  • 贺 He, Hek, Hoh, Ho
  • 赫 He, Hek, Hoh, Ho, Hak
  • 佫 He, Hek, Hoh, Ho, Hok
  • 恒 Heng, Hang, Hng
  • 衡 Heng, Hang, Hng
  • 后 Hou, Howe, Hoe, Hau, Haw, Hauh
  • 侯 Hou, Howe, Hoe, Hau, Haw, Hauh
  • 郈 Hou, Howe, Hoe, Hau, Haw, Hauh
  • Hu, Hoo, Who
  • Hua, Hwa, Fa
  • Huan, Hwan
  • Hui, Hwei, Huei, Huey,
  • 火 Huo, Hwo, Hwok, Hwoh, Huoh, Fo, Foh
  • 霍 Huo, Hwo, Hwok, Hwoh, Huoh, Fo, Foh, Fok, Fock
  • 皇 Huang, Hwang, Wong, Vong
  • Ji, Jee, Chi, Chee
  • Jia, Chia, Chya, Jya
  • Jian, Chien, Jien,
  • Jiang, Chiang
  • Jiao, Chiao
  • Jin, Chin, Cin, Kim
  • Jing, Ching
  • 樛 Jiu, Chiou, Chiow, Jiou, Jiow, Gau, Gaw, Gao, Kau, Kaw, Kao
  • Ju
  • 涓 Juan, Chuan, Chwan, Jwan, Gyun, Kyun, Kyune, Kyoon, Kiun, Kune, Gyune, Giun, Gune
  • 隽 Juan, Chuan, Chwan, Jwan, Syun, Siun, Syoon
  • Jue
  • 凯 Kai, Hoi, Hoy
  • Kan
  • Kang
  • Kao, Kau, Kaw
  • Ke, Keh
  • Ku
  • Kuai
  • Kuan
  • Kuang
  • Kui
  • Lai
  • Lan
  • Lang
  • Lao, Lau, Law
  • Le, Lok, Lo
  • Lei, Ley, Lay, Leigh
  • Leng
  • Lian
  • Liang, Lyang
  • Liao, Liau, Liaw
  • Lian, Lien
  • Lie, Liek, Lyek, Lye
  • Ling
  • Liong, Lyong
  • 柳 Liu, Liow, Liou, Lio, Lew, Lau, Law, Lao, Lieu
  • Long, Lung
  • Lu, Luh, Luk
  • Luan
  • Luo, Lwo, Lwok, Lwoh, Luoh, Luok, Lo, Loh, Lok, Loo, Lou, Low
  • 麻 Ma, Mah, Mak, Maa
  • Man, Mann
  • Mang
  • Mao, Mau, Maw
  • Mei, May, Mey
  • Men, Mun
  • Meng
  • Mi, Mie, Mee
  • Miao, Miau, Miaw, Meow
  • Min, Minn, Meen, Mean
  • Ming
  • 墨 Mo, Mok, Mou, Mow, Mok, Mock, Moch, Moo
  • 莫 Mo, Mok, Mou, Mow, Mok, Mock, Moch, Moo
  • 鄚 Mo, Mok, Mou, Mow, Mok, Mock, Moch, Moo
  • 木 Mu, Muk, Moo, Mook, Moock, Mooch
  • 牧 Mu, Muk, Moo, Mook, Moock, Mooch
  • 穆 Mu, Muk, Moo, Mook, Moock, Mooch
  • 那 Na, Nak, Nah
  • 纳 Na, Nak, Nah, Nap
  • 南 Nan, Nam
  • Ni, Nee, Knee
  • Nie, Nieh, Niek, Nek, Nye, Nyeh, Nyek, Neck
  • Nian, Nien
  • Ning
  • Niu, Niou, Niow, Nio, Neo
  • 区 Ou, Ow, Keui, Keoi
  • 欧 Ou, Ow, Au, Aw
  • 殴 Ou, Ow, Au, Aw
  • 欧阳 Ouyang, Auyeung, Auyong, Auyoung, Aujoeng, Oyang, Owyang, Owyoung, O’Young
  • Pa, Pak, Pah
  • Pan
  • Pang
  • Pei, Pey, Pay
  • Peng, Pung, Png
  • 皮 Pi, Pih, Pik, Pee, Pei, Pey, Pay, Peih
  • 裨 Pi, Pih, Pik, Pee, Pei, Pey, Pay, Peih
  • 邳 Pi, Pih, Pik, Pee, Bei, Bey, Bay, Beih, Pei, Pey, Pay, Peih
  • Pian, Pien
  • Piao, Piau, Piaw, Peow
  • 平 Ping
  • Po
  • Pu, Poo, Pooh, Puh
  • Qi, Chi, Chee, Ci, Ji
  • Qian, Chien, Cien, Jien
  • Qiao, Chiao, Ciao, Jiao
  • Qin, Chin, Cin, Jin
  • Qiu, Chiu, Chiou, Chiow, Ciu, Ciou, Ciow, Jiu, Jiou, Jiow
  • Qu, Ch'u, Chu, Chyu, Cyu, Jyu, Ju, Cu
  • Quan, Ch'uan, Chuan, Chyuan, Cyuan, Jyuan, Juan, Cuan
  • Que, Ch'ue, Chue, Chuek, Chyue, Chyuek, Cyue, Cyuek, Jyue, Jyuek, Jue, Juek, Cue, Cuek
  • Ran
  • Rao, Rau, Raw
  • 任 Ren, Yam, Jin
  • Rong
  • Ru, Roo, Rue
  • Ruan, Rwan
  • Sa
  • Sang
  • Sha
  • Shan
  • Shang
  • Shangguan
  • Shao, Shau
  • She, Sheh, Shek
  • Shen
  • Sheng
  • Shi, Shih
  • Shou, Show, Sho
  • Shu, Shoo, Shoe
  • Shuang, Shwang, Suang, Swang
  • Shui, Shwei, Shuei, Shuey, Swei, Suei, Suey
  • Si, Sih, Sek, Seh, Se
  • 司马 Sima, Sih-ma, Sek-ma, Seh-ma, Sema, Simah
  • 司徒 Situ, Sih-tu, Sih-too, Sih-toe, Sek-tu, Sek-too, Sek-toe, Seh-tu, Seh-too, Seh-toe, Setu, Setoo, Setoe, Sitou, Sitouh, Sitow, See-tow
  • 松 Song, Sung, Soong, Chung, Choong, Cung, Tsung
  • Sou, Sow, Souw, So, Soo
  • Su, Sue, Soo, Soe, Suk, Suh
  • Sui, Swei, Suei, Suey, Swe, Sway
  • 索 Suo, Swo, Suoh, Swoh, Suok, Swok, Sak, Sack
  • 妁 Suo, Swo, Suoh, Swoh, Suok, Swok, Shuo, Jeuk, Cheuk, Zoek
  • 台 Tai, Thai, Taih, Taik, Toy, Toi, Toih, Tye, Tie
  • 邰 Tai, Thai, Taih, Taik, Toy, Toi, Toih, Tye, Tie
  • 漦 Tai, Thai, Taih, Taik, Toy, Toi, Toih, Tye, Tie
  • Tan, Tann
  • Tang
  • Tao, Tau, Taw
  • Te, Tee, Tay
  • Teng, Tng
  • Ti, Tee
  • Tian, Tien
  • Tiao, Tiau, Tiaw
  • Tie, Tiek, Tieh
  • Ting
  • Tong, Tung
  • Tou, Tow
  • Tu, Too, Toe, Tuh, Tuk
  • Tuan, Twan
  • Wan, One
  • Wei, Wey, Way, Weigh
  • 温 Wen, Wan, One
  • 闻 Wen, Man
  • 文 Wen, Man
  • 翁 Weng, Wng, Yung, Yoong
  • 瓮 Weng, Wng, Ung, Oong
  • 武 Wu, Woo, U, Oo, Mou, Mow, Mouh
  • 伍 Wu, Woo, U, Oo, Ng
  • 巫 Wu, Woo, U, Oo, Mou, Mow, Mouh
  • 乌 Wu, Woo, U, Oo
  • 吾 Wu, Woo, U, Oo, Ng
  • 仵 Wu, Woo, U, Oo, Ng
  • 邬 Wu, Woo, U, Oo
  • 毋 Wu, Woo, U, Oo, Mou, Mow, Mouh
  • 兀 Wu, Woo, U, Oo, Ngat
  • 习 Xi, Hsi, Shee, See, Jap, Chap, Cap
  • 夏 Xia, Hsia, Ha
  • 冼 Xian, Hsian, Hsien, Shien, Sin
  • 咸 Xian, Hsian, Hsien, Shien, Ham
  • 向 Xiang, Hsiang, Siang, Heung, Hoeng
  • 相 Xiang, Hsiang, Siang, Seung, Soeng
  • 项 Xiang, Hsiang, Siang, Hong
  • 肖 Xiao, Hsiao, Siao, Chiu
  • 萧 Xiao, Hsiao, Siao, Siu
  • 谢 Xie, Hsie, Hsieh, Je, Che, Sia
  • 解 Xie, Hsie, Hsieh, Gai, Kai
  • 新 Xin, Hsin, Sin, San
  • 辛 Xin, Hsin, Sin, San
  • 兴 Xing, Hsing, Sing, Hing
  • 幸 Xing, Hsing, Sing, Hang
  • 邢 Xing, Hsing, Sing, Ying, Ing
  • 熊 Xiong, Hsiong, Siong, Hung
  • 敻 Xiong, Hsiong, Siong, Hing
  • 修 Xiu, Hsiu, Hsiou, Hsiow, Siu, Sau
  • 休 Xiu, Hsiu, Hsiou, Hsiow, Siu, Sau
  • 盱 Xu, Hsu, Hs'u, Heui
  • 胥 Xu, Hsu, Hs'u, Seui
  • 鄦 Xu, Hsu, Hs'u, Heui
  • 雪 Xue, Hsue, Hs'ue, Syut
  • 薛 Xue, Hsue, Hs'ue, Sit
  • 荀 Xun, Hsun, Hs'un, Seun, Soen
  • 轧 Ya, Ja, Jat, Chat, Zat
  • 衙 Ya, Ja, Nga, Ngah
  • 严 Yan, Yen, Yim, Im
  • 颜 Yan, Yen, Ngan
  • 延 Yan, Yen, Yin, In
  • 燕 Yan, Yen, Yin, In
  • 杨 Yang, Yeung, Io, Yo, Yeo, Yeoh
  • 扬 Yang, Yeung
  • 羊 Yang, Yeung
  • 仰 Yang, Yeung
  • 姚 Yao, Yau, Yaw, Yiu
  • 摇 Yao, Yau, Yaw, Yiu
  • 瑶 Yao, Yau, Yaw, Yiu
  • 尧 Yao, Yau, Yaw, Yiu
  • 叶 Ye, Yeh, Yap, Ip, Yip
  • Yi, I, Ee, Yee
  • Yin, In, Inn, Een
  • Ying, Ing, Eeng
  • Yong, Yung, Yoong
  • Yuan, Yuen, Jyen
  • Yue, Yueh
  • Yu, Iu, Ioo, Yoo, Yuh, Ik
  • Yun, Yoon, Yune
  • Zan, Tzan, Can, Tsan, Tjan
  • Zang, Tzang, Cang, Tsang, Tjang
  • Ze, Tze, Ce, Tse, Tje
  • Zeng, Tzeng, Ceng, Tseng, Tjeng
  • Zeng, Tzeng, Ceng, Tseng, Tjeng
  • Zeng, Tzeng, Ceng, Tseng, Tjeng
  • Zhan, Chan, Can, Jhan
  • Zhang, Chang, Cang, Jhang
  • Zhao, Chao, Cao, Jhao, Jhaw, Jaw
  • Zhen, Chen, Cen, Chn, Jhen
  • Zheng, Cheng, Ceng, Chng, Jheng, Jhng
  • Zhi, Chih, Jhih
  • Zhong, Chong, Chung, Jhong, Jhung
  • Zhou, Chou, Chow, Chouh, Jhou, Jhow, Joe
  • Zhu, Chu, Choo, Jhu
  • 庄 Zhuang, Chuang, Cuang, Jhuang
  • 诸葛 Zhuge, Chu-ke, Chu-kek, Chu-keh, Jhuge
  • Zhuo, Chuo, Chuok, Chuoh, Chwo, Chwok, Chwoh, Jhuo, Jhuok
  • Zi, Tzi, Tzu, Tz'u, Tzih, Tze, Tsih, Tse, Cih, Ce, Tjih, Tje
  • Zong, Tzong, Tzung, Tsong, Tsung, Tjong, Tjung, Cong, Cung
  • Zou, Tzou, Tzow, Tsou, Tsow, Tjou, Tjow, Cou
  • 组 Zu, Tzu, Tsu, Tju, Cu, Jou, Joe, Jow, Chou, Chow, Cou, Cow
  • 祖 Zu, Tzu, Tsu, Tju, Cu, Jou, Joe, Jow, Chou, Chow, Cou, Cow
  • 坐 Zuo, Tzuo, Tzuok, Tzuoh, Tzwo, Tzwok, Tzwoh, Tjuo, Tjuok, Tjuoh, Tjwo, Tjwok, Tjwoh, Cuo, Cuok, Cuoh, Cwo, Cwok, Cwoh, Cho, Choh
  • 左 Zuo, Tzuo, Tzuok, Tzuoh, Tzwo, Tzwok, Tzwoh, Tjuo, Tjuok, Tjuoh, Tjwo, Tjwok, Tjwoh, Cuo, Cuok, Cuoh, Cwo, Cwok, Cwoh, Jo, Joe, Joh

Chinese-Guyanese surnames[edit | edit source]

These three-part surnames are used by people of Chinese descent in Guyana:

  1. Chee-A-Nam
  2. Chee-A-Tow
  3. Chee-Yee-Cheong
  4. Cho-Kin-Choy
  5. Cho-See-Nam
  6. Fung-A-Fat
  7. Fung-On
  8. Hoahing
  9. Hoalim
  10. Ho-A-Yun
  11. Lam-A-Sy
  12. Low-A-Chee
  13. Man-Son-Hing
  14. Phung Foo Pow
  15. Sue-A-Quan
  16. Tjon-A-Kien
  17. Tsoi-A-Sue
  18. Woon-Sam

Surnames of Chinese in Hawaii and Samoa[edit | edit source]

These names are peculiar to people who immigrated to Hawaii or Samoa from China. The "Ah" before many of these names comes from a Chinese title of respect.

  1. Ah Ching
  2. Ah Choi
  3. Ah Chong
  4. Ah Fat
  5. Ah Fong
  6. Ah Him
  7. Ah Kam
  8. Ah King
  9. Ah Kiong
  10. Ah Liki
  11. Ah Loe
  12. Ah Mau
  13. Ahnee
  14. Ah Quin
  15. Ah Sam
  16. Ahsing
  17. Ah Wong
  18. Ah You
  19. Hew Len
  20. Ho Ching
  21. Po Ching