Word formation/Back-formation

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Back-formation, also known as back-derivation, forms new lexemes by means of suffix-like segment extraction. This means that not only suffixes can be deleted from the stem, but also structures that behave alike, as long as the cut is done at a boundary between corresponding morphemes. Taking these two possibilities into account, one may be presented not only with such examples as lecher — to lech, peddler — to peddle, sculptor — to sculpt, but also the lexeme to lase being a derivative of laser where the {-er} segment is a by-product of deconstructing an acronym rather than the agentive/instrumental suffix -er [1]. This type of word formation in English is by far dominated by creating derivatives that belong to the grammatical class of verb [2]. Back-derivation is often an outcome of linguistic productivity based on paradigms — it is safe to make an assumption that pairs edit — editor and exhibit — exhibitor were created in a similar manner by employing strategies speakers of the language know because of their linguistic competence.

References[edit]

  1. Szymanek, Bogdan (1998). Introduction to Morphological Analysis. p. 93. 
  2. Stekauer, Pavol (2000). Rudiments of English Linguistics. p. 109.