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What does it look, feel, taste, or smell like?[edit | edit source]
Uranium is silvery-white and metallic. Uranium can appear to be slightly blue.
How was it discovered?[edit | edit source]
Uranium was discovered in 1789 by Martin Klaproth, a German chemist. Klaproth found uranium while he was analyzing samples of pitchblende, a variety of the mineral uranite, from the Joachimsal silver mines in the Kingdom of Bohemia (now located in the present-day Czech Republic). It was discovered to be radioactive by Henri Becquerel in 1896, and until the discovery that thorium was radioactive two years later, in 1898, it was thought to be the only radioactive element.
Where did its name come from?[edit | edit source]
Uranium is named after the planet Uranus, which had been discovered some years before, in 1781, by William Herschel.
Where is it found?[edit | edit source]
Uranium is found worldwide in soil and rocks. Australia has the largest known reserves, while the most has been mined in recent years from Kazakhstan, which produced about 23,400 tonnes in 2017.
What are its uses?[edit | edit source]
Uranium is commonly used in nuclear reactors to make electricity, as well as in nuclear weapons.
Uranium is also used to test the age of very old rocks.
Uranium was used to color paints and glazes, although such use is rare today.
Uranium can also be used to color glass yellow; such uranium glass, or "vaseline glass," glows green under ultraviolet light (also known as a black light.)
Because it is so heavy, uranium is used in armor-piercing artillery bullets.
Is it dangerous?[edit | edit source]
Pure uranium can burst into flames.
Compounds with uranium in them are toxic.
Uranium is radioactive, and can lead to cancer.