colonization — going to and conquering other countries; a way of spreading a language. Because England colonized America, the people of America now speak English.
constructed language — a language that someone invented. This is unlike English and other natural languages whose rules and vocabulary evolved over hundreds or thousands of years.
diacritic — a mark above, below, or around a letter that changes how it's said. It sometimes even makes a new letter.
dialect — one form of a language; usually created when different regions develop slightly different forms of a language.
language development — the steady growth and change of a language. Languages took over a thousand years to get to what we speak today.
secondary language — any language that a person learns to speak after the first language that they learned at home.
tense — a form of a verb that describes a time for an action; for example, "I went," "I am going", and "I will go" are in past, present, and future tense. They are different tenses because they describe different times when I did the action of going.
umlauts — dots, which can be placed above three of the vowels in German, and which change the sound of them. They look like this: Ää, Öö, Üü.
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