Welsh/Nouns

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Nouns[edit]

Plurals[edit]

-wr and -wyr[edit]

If a noun ends with -wr (meaning "man"), as in "milwr" (soldier), change the stem into -wyr.

Examples

Singular Plural English
Milwr Milwyr Soldier - Soldiers
Helwr Helwyr Hunter - Hunters
Saethwr Saethwyr Archer - Archers

You can make a -wr noun feminine by changing it into -wraig. For the plural, change this into -wragedd.

Examples

Singular Plural English
Milwraig Milwragedd Soldier - Soldiers (f)
Helwraig Helwragedd Hunter - Hunters (f)
Saethwraig Saethwragedd Archer - Archers (f)

The Genitive[edit]

Indefinite[edit]

To turn a word into an indefinite genitive (of a...), simply write:

object subject

For example, if the object was "milwyr" (soldiers), and the subject was "Cymru" (Wales), the sentence would be "milwyr Cymru" (Soldiers of Wales).

Definite[edit]

To turn a word into a definite genitive (of the...), simply write

object y/yr subject

For example, if the object was "carreg" (rock), and the subject was "mynydd" (mountain), the sentence would be "carreg y mynydd" (Rock of the mountain).

Note that "y" causes a soft mutation before a feminine noun

For example, if the object was "gwallt" (hair), and the subject was "merch" (girl, feminine noun), the sentence would be "gwallt y ferch" (Hair of the girl, the girl's hair).