Welsh/Mynediad/Lesson 7

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Welsh
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dialogue[edit]

Welsh Conversation • Lesson 7 • Gnome-speakernotes.pngaudio (upload)
Gwers 7 Flag of Wales.svg Lesson 7
Elin Bore da. Esgusodwch fi... Ga'i ddau gilogram afalau plis?
Groser Cewch siwr. Dyma chi. Dych chi eisiau moron?
Elin Wel... ydw. Dwy foronen a tri nionyn plis.
Groser Cewch.
Elin Faint yw'r afal pîn?
Groser Dau ddeg ceiniog. Dych chi eisiau afal pîn?
Elin Ah, dim diolch. Oes hefyd bananas gyda chi? Dwi eisiau dwy. Faint yw e?
Groser Un deg un geiniog.
Elin Dyma chi. Diolch yn fawr.
Groser Croeso! Da boch chi!

Vocabulary[edit]

Cymraeg English
Ceiniog Pence (f)
Arian Money (lit. Silver)
Punt Pound (f)
Ga i ... ? Can I have ...?
Cilogram (m) (pl. cilogramau) Kilogram
Cewch siwr Yes sure
Afal pîn Pineapple
Afal (m) (pl. afalau) Apple
Moronen (f) (pl. moron) Carrot
Nionyn (m) (pl. nionod) Onion
Hefyd Also
Faint yw e? How much is it?

Grammar[edit]

  • When answering to a "Ga'i..?" (Can I have..?) question, we answer
    • Cei / Na cei (Yes, you can / No, you cannot) with people we use "ti" with.
    • Cewch / Na cewch (Yes, you can / No, you cannot) with people we use "chi" with.
Expanded Numbers 1 - 25
Cymraeg English
1 Un
2 Dau (m) / Dwy (f)
3 Tri (m) / Tair (f)
4 Pedwar (m) / Pedair (f)
5 Pump
6 Chwech
7 Saith
8 Wyth
9 Naw
10 Deg
11 Un deg un / Un ar ddeg (vig)
12 Un deg dau / Deuddeg (vig)
13 Un deg tri
14 Un deg pedwar
15 Pymtheg
16 Un deg chwech
17 Un deg saith
18 Un deg wyth
19 Un deg naw
20 Dau ddeg / Ugain (vig)
21 Dau ddeg un
22 Dau ddeg dau
23 Dau ddeg tri
24 Dau ddeg pedwar
25 Dau ddeg pump / Pump ar hugain (vig)

Review[edit]

  • Nouns are either feminine or masculine in Welsh.
  • Dau (2), Tri (3), and Pedwar (4) have feminine forms. You must use the correct feminine number with feminine nouns.
  • While you use the singular version of a noun with numbers (dau blentyn), it is more common to use the plural noun with numbers over 10 (deg o blant).
  • On the grammatical rules of numbers:
    • [1] Un causes a soft mutation to feminine numbers.
    • [2] Both dau and dwy cause a soft mutation.
    • [3] Use tri for masculine nouns. Use tair for feminine. Tri causes an aspirate mutation.
    • [4] Use pedwar for masculine nouns. Use pedair for feminine nouns.
    • [5] After pump, if the noun begins with a consonant - drop the ending p off pump.
    • [6] After chwech, if the noun begins with a consonant - drop the ending ch off chwech.