Welsh/Mynediad/Lesson 2

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Goals:

  • Ask where someone works.
  • Learn when to use chi and ti
  • Respond personally to the question 'Where do you work?' using mewn and yn y/yr
  • Learn about the definite article y/yr
  • Ask what someone likes.
  • Talk about your interests.
  • Learn how to respond 'Yes, I do' and 'No, I don't'.

Dialogue[edit]

Welsh Conversation • Lesson 2 • Gnome-speakernotes.pngaudio (upload)
Gwers 1 Flag of Wales.svg Lesson 2
Using chi:
A Lle dych chi'n gweithio?
B Dw i'n gweithio mewn banc. Lle dych chi'n gweithio?
A Dw i'n gweithio yn y Brifysgol. Dych chi'n hoffi'r Brifysgol?
B Ydw. Dw i'n hoffi'r Brifysgol.
Using ti:
A Lle wyt ti'n gweithio?
B Dw i'n gweithio mewn banc. Lle wyt ti'n gweithio?
A Dw i'n gweithio yn y Brifysgol. Wyt ti'n hoffi'r Brifysgol?
B Ydw. Dw i'n hoffi'r Brifysgol.

--Mam T&J (discusscontribs) 11:41, 28 January 2013 (UTC)

Vocabulary[edit]

Welsh Vocabulary • Lesson 2 • Gnome-speakernotes.pngaudio (upload)
Gwers 1 Flag of Wales.svg Lesson 1
Cymraeg English
Lle or Ble Where
Gweithio To work
Hoffi To like
Yn In
Mewn 'In a'
Y The
'r The
Y brifysgol The university
Banc Bank

The Definite Article[edit]

The definite article for an noun (the) has many forms in Welsh. If the noun begins with a consonant, use y. If the noun begins with a vowel, use yr. Directly after a vowel, use 'r.

car

(a) car

y car

the car

afal

(an) apple

yr afal

the apple

Wyt ti'n hoffi sglodion?

Do you like chips?

Wyt ti'n hoffi'r sglodion?

Do you like the chips?

Dw i[edit]

In the dialogue, you'll see dw i which translates as 'I do' or 'I am'. We can use this to make present tense sentences for the first person. Just use dw i plus a linking particle yn to connect a verb. Yn has to shorten to 'n, so the form is dw i'n. There are other variations of this patter, such as rydw i and rwy also.

Dw i'n gweithio.

I work OR I am working OR I do work.

Note, how Dw i'n gweithio is equivalent to all three English sentences 'I work', 'I am working', or 'I do work'. Again:

Dw i'n siarad.

I speak OR I am speaking OR I do speak.

Some more verbs to practice with:

Dw i'n hoffi Cymraeg.

I like Welsh. I am liking Welsh. I do like Welsh.

Dw i'n gweithio.

I work. I'm working. I do work.

Dw i'n darllen.

I read. I'm reading. I do read.

Chi v. Ti[edit]

Welsh has two words for the pronoun 'you' - Chi and Ti.
Chi is used for formal situations, and ti for informal situations and familiar people.

Dach chi'n gweithio?

Do you work? (formal)

Wyt ti'n gweithio?

Do you work? (informal)

Dach chi and wyt ti are the question forms for chi and ti. Like dw i, need the linking yn to connect verbs. Some more examples:

Dach chi'n hoffi sglodion?

Do you like chips?

Wyt ti'n siarad Cymraeg?

Do you speak Welsh?

Dach chi and Rwyt ti are the affirmative forms for chi and ti. That is, they make statements, rather than questions.

Dach chi'n siarad Cymraeg.

You do speak Welsh. (statement)

Rwyt ti'n actio.

You do act. You are acting.

Answering Questions[edit]

Review[edit]

  • Use chi for formal situations, and ti for informal situations
  • A chi question is dach chi and a ti question is wyt ti
  • Using the linking yn to connect the 'to be' verb to another verb-noun. This shortens to 'n after a vowel. Verbs are called 'verb-nouns' in Welsh as they can serve as both a noun and a verb.
  • Dw i is the first person for the present tense. It also must be connected with 'n to use verb-nouns.
  • In Welsh, you do not answer with a general 'yes' or 'no'. Instead, you answer with 'I do', 'He does', etc. For the first person, ydw and nac ydw are the response words (I do and I don't).
  • The definite article (the) takes one of three forms: y/yr/'r. Y is used before consonants. Yr is generally used before vowels. 'r is used after vowels.