WebObjects/Web Applications/Development/CSS

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Overview[edit]

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It's provides a mechanism to separate the presentation of your HTML page from the logical structure and content of your HTML page.

Referencing a Style Sheet[edit]

Style Block[edit]

The easiest way to include CSS in your WebObject application is put a style block in your <head> tag:

<style type="text/css">
  table {
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: black;
    border-width: 1px;
  }
</style>

Static Reference[edit]

Another easy way to use CSS in your WebObjects application is to include a static reference to it with:

 <link rel = "stylesheet" type = "text/css" href = "/webserver/relative/path/to/mystyles.css">

However, if you're a WO developer, you know static resource references feel dirty. Don't worry, there are alternatives.

Project WOnder[edit]

Project WOnder provides ERXStyleSheet, which is a stateless component with a template that can generate link tags for you.

Mike Schrag's MDTStyleSheet[edit]

The following dynamic element can be used to include a stylesheet in your page. It supports the bindings "rel", "type", "href", "src", etc similar to a WOImage.

  import com.webobjects.appserver.WOElement;
  import com.webobjects.appserver._private.WOConstantValueAssociation;
  import com.webobjects.appserver._private.WOHTMLURLValuedElement;
  import com.webobjects.foundation.NSDictionary;
  
  public class MDTStyleSheet extends WOHTMLURLValuedElement {
    public MDTStyleSheet(String _name, NSDictionary _assocationsDictionary, WOElement _template) {
      super("link", _assocationsDictionary, _template);
      if (_associations.objectForKey("rel") == null) {
        _associations.setObjectForKey(new WOConstantValueAssociation("stylesheet"), "rel");
      }
      if (_associations.objectForKey("type") == null) {
        _associations.setObjectForKey(new WOConstantValueAssociation("text/css"), "type");
      }
    }
  
    protected String urlAttributeName() {
      return "href";
    }
  }

Stylesheet Component[edit]

Here is a trivial example on how to define style sheets properties at runtime:

Simply create a component with your style sheets properties:

  <style type = "text/css">
    a { color: <webobject name = "LinkColor"></webobject>; text-decoration:none; }
    a:hover { color: #ff9933; }
    a:visited { color: <webobject name = "LinkColor"></webobject>; }
    a:visited:hover { color: #ff9933; }
  
    body { margin-top:0px; margin-bottom:0px; margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px; background-color:#FFFFFF; text-align:left; }
  
    input { font: 100% Verdana, Arial, san-serif; }
  
    .Title { font: <webobject name = "TextFont"></webobject>; }
    .Label { font: <webobject name = "LabelFont"></webobject>; }
    .WhiteLabel { font: <webobject name = "LabelFont"></webobject>; color:#666666; }
    .Text { font: <webobject name = "TextFont"></webobject>; }
    .MonoText { font: <webobject name = "MessageFont"></webobject>; }
    .Quote { font: <webobject name = "MessageFont"></webobject>; font-style: italic; margin-left: 20px; }
  
    .Line { height:1px; background-image:url(<webobject name = "LineUrl"></webobject>); }
    .Space { height:8px; }
  
    .Highlight { background-color:#cccccc; }
    .DarkHeader { background-image:url(<webobject name = "DarkHeaderUrl"></webobject>); }
    .Header { background-image:url(<webobject name = "HeaderUrl"></webobject>); }
  
    .Margin { width: 40px; vertical-align:top; }
    .Full { width: 100%; height: 100%; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; }
    .FullWidth { width: 100%; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; }
    .FillerWidth { width: 99%; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; }
    .FillerHeight { height: 99%; }
    .HalfWidth { width: 49%; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; }
    .OneThirdWidth { width: 33%; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; }
    .TwoThirdWidth { width: 66%; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; }
    .FixColumn { width: 250px; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; }
  
    .AltMargin { width: 40px; text-align:left; vertical-align:top; background-image:url(<webobject name = "AltUrl"></webobject>); background-position: center center; background-repeat: no-repeat; }
  </style>

And use some wod for the parameters:

  LinkColor: WOString{
    value = linkColor;
  };
  
  LineUrl: WOString{
    value = lineUrl;
  };
  
  DarkHeaderUrl: WOString{
    value = darkHeaderUrl;
  };
  
  HeaderUrl: WOString{
    value = headerUrl;
  };
  
  AltUrl: WOString{
    value = altUrl;
  };
  
  LabelFont: WOString{
    value = labelFont;
  };
  
  TextFont: WOString{
    value = textFont;
  };
  
  MessageFont: WOString{
    value = messageFont;
  };

Related Links[edit]