Using Ubuntu Linux/Master List of Ubuntu Releases

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Ubuntu 16.04

Ubuntu releases new versions every six months, and always supports them for at least 18 months with daily security fixes and patches to critical bugs. Some releases are designated as Long Term Support (LTS) versions, which have three years support for the desktop and five years for the server editions. It is intended that new LTS versions will be released every two years.

The most recent standard version, Ubuntu 15.10 (Wily Werewolf), was released on October 22, 2015.

The most recent LTS version, Ubuntu 16.04 (Wily Werewolf), was released on April 21, 2016

The next version of Ubuntu, Ubuntu 16.10, will be called Yakkety Yak.

Each finished release has both a code name and a version number. The version number is based on the year and month of release. For example, the very first "stable" release of Ubuntu (as opposed to development versions), Ubuntu 4.10, was released on October 20, 2004.[1]

Releases are timed to be approximately one month after GNOME releases, which are in turn about one month after releases of Consequently, every Ubuntu release comes with a newer version of both GNOME and X.

The initial download and installation of Ubuntu is of course free of charge. In addition to the free updates, and support from the ubuntu community, and this guide, there are a number of other books about Ubuntu Linux, and paid technical support is available from Canonical Ltd.[2]

Version Code name Testing name Release date Supported until Features and Changes
4.10 Warty Warthog Sounder 2004-10-20[3] 2006-04-30[4] ShipIt
5.04 Hoary Hedgehog Array 2005-04-08[5] 2006-10-31[6] Update Manager; Upgrade Notifier; readahead; grepmap; laptop suspend, hibernate and standby; dynamic frequency scaling; Ubuntu hardware database; Kickstart; installation from USB devices; UTF-8 by default; APT authentication
5.10 Breezy Badger Colony 2005-10-13[7][8] 2007-04-13[9] Usplash (graphical boot sequence); "Add/Remove..." application tool; language selector; logical volume management support; Hewlett-Packard printer support; OEM installer support; Launchpad integration
6.06 LTS Dapper Drake Flight 2006-06-01[10][11] 2009-06 (desktops) Long Term Support (LTS) release. LiveCD and Install CD merged onto one disc; Ubiquity graphical installer on LiveCD; Usplash on shutdowns; Network Manager for easy switching of multiple wired and wireless connections; 'Humanlooks' theme implemented using Tango guidelines, based on Clearlooks and featuring orange colours instead of brown; LAMP installation option; installation to USB devices; GDebi graphical installer for package files
2011-06 (servers)
6.10 Edgy Eft Knot 2006-10-26[12][13] 2008-04 Ubuntu 'Human' theme heavily modified; Upstart; automated crash reports (Apport); Tomboy notetaking application; F-spot photo manager
7.04 Feisty Fawn Herd 2007-04-19[14] 2008-10 Migration assistant; Kernel-based Virtual Machine support; easy codec and restricted drivers installation; Compiz desktop effects; Wi-Fi Protected Access support; PowerPC support dropped; Sudoku and chess games added; 'baobab' disk usage analyzer added; GNOME Control Center; Zeroconf for many devices
7.10 Gutsy Gibbon Tribe 2007-10-18[15][16] 2009-04 Compiz Fusion by default;[17] AppArmor security framework;[18] fast desktop search;[19] fast user switching;[19] improvements in plug-in handling for Mozilla Firefox (Ubufox);[20] graphical configuration tool for;[20] a revamped printing system with PDF printing by default[20]
8.04 LTS Hardy Heron[21] Alpha 2008-04-24[22] 2011-04 (desktops) Long Term Support (LTS) release;[23][24] Planned features include: revamped theme and artwork, better Tango compliance[25]; robustness; compiz usability improvements; tracker integration[26]
2013-04 (servers)
8.10 Intrepid Ibex[27] 2008-10-30[28] 2010-04 Improvements to mobile computing and desktop scalability, increased flexibility for internet connectivity, an Ubuntu Live USB creator and a guest account.
9.04 Jaunty Jackalope[29] 2009-04-23[30] 2010-10 Faster boot time, integration of web services and applications into the desktop interface, a new usplash screen, a new login screen and also support for both Wacom (hotplugging) and netbooks.
9.10 Karmic Koala[31] 2009-10-29[32] 2011-04 A new set of boot up and shutdown splash screens, a new login screen that transitions seamlessly into the desktop, and greatly improved performance on Intel graphics chipsets.
10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx[33] 2010-04-29[34] 2013-05-09 (desktop)[35] LTS version; improved support for Nvidia proprietary graphics drivers; Plymouth introduced for boot animations; GIMP replaced by F-Spot; integrated interfaces for posting to social networks; new theme with new logos: Light.[36]
2015-04-30 (server)[37]
10.10 Maverick Meerkat[38] 2010-10-10[39] 2012-04-10[40] Unity interface for Netbook Edition; Shotwell set as default photo manager; ability to purchase applications in the Software Center; Ubuntu Font used as the default font.[41]
11.04 Natty Narwhal[42] 2011-04-28[43] 2012-10-28[44] Unity set as default user interface; Banshee set at default music player; includes Firefox 4; LibreOffice replaces; OpenStack cloud computing platform included; Ubuntu Netbook Edition merged into desktop edition.[45]
11.10 Oneiric Ocelot[46] 2011-10-13[47] 2013-05-09[48] Includes a 2D version of Unity; placement of the Ubuntu button on the Launcher; auto-hiding of the window controls and global menu of maximized windows; introduction of more transparency into Dash and Panel when Dash opens; window controls for Dash; PiTiVi, Computer Janitor and Synaptic package manager removed from ISO; Mozilla Thunderbird replaces Evolution.[49]
12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin[50] 2012-04-26[51] 2017-04-26[52] LTS release; faster startup time for Ubuntu Software Center; refinements to Unity; Banshee media player replaced with Rhythmbox; dropped Tomboy and supporting Mono framework; window dodge feature removed from Unity launcher; new head-up display (HUD) feature allows hotkey searching for application menu items from the keyboard; IPv6 privacy extensions turned on by default.[53]
12.10 Quantal Quetzal[54] 2012-10-18[55] 2014-05-16[56] Improved boot up sequence and log-in screen, dropping Unity 2D in favor of lower hardware requirements for Unity 3D; wrap around dialogs and toolbars for HUD; "vanilla" version of Gnome-Shell included as an option; GNOME 3.6; Python 3; 3.5 Linux kernel; Python 3; PAE switched on by default; new combined user, session and system menu; Ubuntu Web Apps; Nautilus 3.4 set as file manager; Unity includes searches of[57]
13.04 Raring Ringtail[58] 2013-04-25[59] 2014-01-27[60] Wubi dropped due to incompatibility.[61]
13.10 Saucy Salamander[62] 2013-10-17[63] 2014-07-17[64] Bug fixes only.[65]
14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr[66] 2014-04-17[67] 2019-04[68] LTS release; ability to turn off global menu system; locally integrated menus; retention of Xorg; Unity 8 developers' preview; new mobile applications; redesigned USB Start-Up Disk Creator tool; new forked version of the GNOME Control Center, called the Unity Control Center; default SSD TRIM support.[69]
14.10 Utopic Unicorn[70] 2014-10-23[71] 2015-07-23[72] Minor updates to kernel and Unity; full kernel address space layout randomization applied to kernel and its modules; closure of a number of information leaks in /proc; 'quality improvements'.[73]
15.04 Vivid Vervet[74] 2015-04-23[75] 2016-02-04[76] Systemd replaces Upstart; locally integrated menus.[77]
15.10 Wily Werewolf[78] 2015-10-22[79] 2016-07[80] Disappearing window edge scrollbars no longer available.[81]
16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus[82] 2016-04-21[83] 2021-04[84] Option for Unity 8; support for Ceph and ZFS filesystems , LXD hypervisor (using seccomp) for OpenStack, and Snappy packages; uses systemd instead of Upstart as its init system; Ubuntu Software Centre replaced by GNOME Software; Empathy and Brasero removed from ISO; online dash search results disabled by default in Unity 7; support not available for AMD Catalyst (fglrx) driver for AMD/ATI graphics cards.[85]
16.10 Yakkety Yak[86] 2016-10-20[87] 2017-07[88] Features and changes not discussed yet.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Shuttleworth, Mark (2004-10-20). "Ubuntu 4.10 announcement". ubuntu-announce mailing list. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  2. "Announcing Beta release of Ubuntu 6.06 LTS". Retrieved 2006-04-26.
  3. "Ubuntu 4.10 announcement". Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  4. Zimmerman, Matt (2006-03-28). "Ubuntu 4.10 reaches end of life on 30 April 2006". ubuntu-announce mailing list. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  5. "5.04 Release Notes". 2005-04-08. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  6. Armstrong, Christina (2006-10-23). "Ubuntu 5.04 reaches end-of-life on 31 October 2006". ubuntu-security-announce mailing list. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  7. "Ubuntu 5.10 announcement". Retrieved 2006-10-11.
  8. "Ubuntu 5.10 release notes". Retrieved 2006-12-21.
  9. Heen, Tollef Fog (2007-03-14). "Ubuntu 5.10 reaches end-of-life on April 13th 2007". ubuntu-security-announce mailing list. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  10. "Ubuntu 6.06 LTS announcement". Retrieved 2006-12-21.
  11. "Ubuntu 6.06 LTS release notes". Retrieved 2006-12-21.
  12. "Ubuntu 6.10 announcement". Retrieved 2006-10-26.
  13. "Ubuntu 6.10 release notes". Retrieved 2006-12-21.
  14. "Ubuntu 7.04 announcement". Retrieved 2007-02-06.
  15. "GutsyReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki". Retrieved 2007-04-12.
  16. "Introducing the Gutsy Gibbon". 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2007-05-06. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |date= (help)
  19. a b
  20. a b c
  21. "HardyReleaseSchedule". Retrieved 2007-09-25.
  22. "Introducing the Hardy Heron". Retrieved 2007-08-29."Milestone ubuntu-8.04 for Ubuntu due 2008-04-24". Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  23. Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter: Issue 36
  24. Ubuntu's new Linux sports debugging tool
  25. "Hardy Heron Artwork". Ubuntu Wiki. Retrieved 2007-10-19.
  26. "Ubuntu developer summit Boston".
  27. "IntrepidReleaseSchedule". Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  28. "Milestone ubuntu-8.10 for Ubuntu due 2008-10-30". Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  29. "JauntyReleaseSchedule". Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  30. "Milestone ubuntu-9.04 for Ubuntu due 2009-04-23". Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  31. "KarmicReleaseSchedule". Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  32. "Milestone ubuntu-9.10 for Ubuntu due 2009-10-29". Retrieved 2009-12-06.
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